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Since wild animals used their horns to defend themselves or attack their enemies, Israelites often spoke of the horn as a symbol of power (Deuteronomy 33:17; 1 Kings 22:11; Psalms 18:2; Psalms 22:21; Psalms 75:5; Psalms 75:10; Psalms 92:10; Zechariah 1:21; Luke 1:69; Revelation 5:6). Sometimes horns were symbolic of powerful rulers (Daniel 7:7; Daniel 7:24; Daniel 8:20; Revelation 17:3; Revelation 17:12).

People used certain kinds of horns as musical instruments, particularly on ceremonial occasions (2 Samuel 6:15). In times of battle, the blowing of horns, like the blowing of trumpets or bugles, was a means of making declarations or sending signals (Joshua 6:4; Joshua 6:13; Judges 7:18; 1 Corinthians 14:8). Other horns were made into containers for the oil used in the ceremonial anointing of kings and priests (1 Samuel 16:13; 1 Kings 1:39).

Ornamental horns projected from the four corners of the altars of the tabernacle. The priests applied the blood of certain sacrifices to these horns as part of the ritual for the cleansing of sin (Exodus 27:2; Exodus 29:12; Exodus 30:1-2; Exodus 30:10). Israelite law did not permit the widespread ancient practice of clinging to the horns of the altar to escape punishment for murder (Exodus 21:14; 1 Kings 1:51; 1 Kings 2:29).

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Fleming, Don. Entry for 'Horn'. Bridgeway Bible Dictionary. 2004.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 23rd, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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