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Bible Dictionaries

Morrish Bible Dictionary

42 Evil Wicked

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Both πονηρός and φαῦλοςare translated 'evil,' but their application in scripture is different, though they may seem to blend. φαῦλος occurs but four times, referring to doing evil, John 3:20 ; John 5:29 ; and to the character of what is done as being evil. Titus 2:8 ; James 3:16 .

πονηρός(from πόηος, 'labour, sorrow') often refers to the evil nature of the one acting, and the active working out of it. Thus Satan is called that 'wicked' one. Matthew 13:19,38 ; Ephesians 6:16 ; 1 John 2:13,14 ; 1 John 3:12 . The demons are evil spirits. Luke 7:21 ; Luke 8:2 ; Acts 19:12-16 . The same word is used in reference to the man living in sin in the church at Corinth — "put away . . . . that wicked person." 1 Corinthians 5:13 .

κακός, with its many compounds, is a common word for evil and (like πονηρός) may apply to the nature or character of those who commit evil. Matthew 21:41 ; Matthew 24:48 ; Philippians 3:2 ; Revelation 2:2 ; as well as to their acts and principles, Mark 7:21 ; 1 Corinthians 15:33 ; Colossians 3:5 ; Romans 1:30 ; Romans 8:3 ; 2 Corinthians 13:7 ; though not always with this moral force: see Acts 16:28 ; Acts 28:5 ; 'harm'; and Luke 16:25 , 'evil things.'

πονηρός would in Latin be industriĆ¢ malus, malignus. So the enemy of souls is emphatically, ὁ πονηρός, "the evil one." κακός in Latin is malus, improbus , etc., and is used in a very general way, opposed to both καλός and ἀγαθός, 'good:' 3 John 11 . Both κακός and πονηρός occur in Revelation 16:2 ; "noisome (κα.) and grievous (πο.)"; and their nouns κακία and πονηρία, "malice and wickedness." 1 Corinthians 5:8 .

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Bibliography Information
Morrish, George. Entry for '42 Evil Wicked '. Morrish Bible Dictionary. 1897.

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