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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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biz´nes : Is the rendering of four Hebrew words: (1) מלאכה , melā'khāh , in Genesis 39:11 (the American Standard Revised Version "work"); 1 Chronicles 26:29 , 1 Chronicles 26:30 ; 2 Chronicles 13:10 (the American Standard Revised Version "in their work"); 2 Chronicles 17:13 (the American Standard Revised Version "many works"); Nehemiah 11:16 , Nehemiah 11:22 ; Nehemiah 13:30 (the American Standard Revised Version "in his work"); Esther 3:9 ; Psalm 107:23 ; Proverbs 22:29 ; Daniel 8:27 . (2) דּבר , dābhār , literally "a word," is so translated in Deuteronomy 24:5 ; Joshua 2:14 , Joshua 2:20 ; Judges 18:7 (the American Standard Revised Version "dealings"); Judges 18:28 (the American Standard Revised Version "dealings"); 1 Samuel 21:2 , 1 Samuel 21:8 . (3) מעשׂה , ma‛ăseh , "an action" (1 Samuel 20:19 ). (4) ענין , ‛inyān , "employment" (Ecclesiastes 5:3 ; Ecclesiastes 8:16 ).

In the New Testament "business" in Luke 2:49 is the rendering of the phrase ἐν τοῖς τοῦ πατρός μου , en toı́s toú patrós mou , literally "in the things of my Father," which the American Standard Revised Version renders "in my Father's house," with "about my Father's business" as the marginal reading. "Business" is also used in the translation of χρεία , chreı́a , literally "need," of Acts 6:3 ; as the translation of σπουδή , spoudḗ , literally "haste" of Romans 12:11 (the American Standard Revised Version "diligence"); of πράγμα , prágma , literally "thing done," of Romans 16:2 (the American Standard Revised Version "matter"); of πράσσειν τὰ ἴδια , prássein tá ı́dia , literally "tend to one's own business," of 1 Thessalonians 4:11 . In Acts 19:24 , Acts 19:25 in Paul's account of the riot in Ephesus, ἐργασία , ergası́a , literally "working," "performing," is translated "little business" in Acts 19:24 (the King James Version "small gain"), and "by this business" in Acts 19:25 (the King James Version "by this craft").

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Business'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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