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Bible Encyclopedias

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature


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Hel´bon, or Chelbon, a name which occurs only in , where 'the wine of Helbon' is named among the commodities brought to the great market of Tyre. Helbon is supposed to be identified with Chalybon, an old city of Syria, famous for wine.

Now, it is generally agreed that the ancient Chalybon is represented by the modern Aleppo. Aleppo, styled by the natives Haleb, is situated in N. lat. 36° 11′ 25″, E. long. 37° 9′, and is seventy-six miles from the sea by way of Scanderoon, in a straight line, and ninety miles by way of Antioch. It is one of the few ancient cities of these parts which have retained their ancient importance; and this it owes to its happy position upon the line of the commercial intercourse of Asia Minor and Syria with Egypt, and of Europe and Westernmost Asia with the countries beyond the Euphrates. It has long ranked as the capital of Syria, and as the third, if not the second city of the Ottoman Empire. It has suffered dreadfully from earthquakes at different times, and has never recovered the terrible visitation of this kind which it sustained in 1822: the population, which was formerly reckoned above 200,000, is not supposed to reach half that number at present.





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Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Helbon'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature".

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