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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#220 - ἀλέκτωρ

from (to ward off)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
  1. a cock, or male of any bird, a rooster
Strong #: 2223 ‑ זַרְזִיר (zar‑zeer');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(A), [ ], ορος, ὁ,

I poet. form of ἀλεκτρυών,

1. cock, ἕως ἐβόησεν ἀ. Batr. 192, cf. Pi. O. 12.14, Simon. 80 B, A. Ag. 1671, Eu. 861, Herod. 4.12, etc.; later Prose, Arist. Fr. 347, PTeb. 140 (i B. C.) LXX Pr. 24.66 (30.31), Matthew 26:34,al., IG 3.77: metaph., of a trumpeter, κοινὸς Ἀθηναίων ἀ. Demad. Fr. 4; of a flute, Ion Trag. 39.

2. ἀλέκτορος λόφος yellow rattle, Rhinanthusmajor, Plin. HN 27.40.

II husband, consort, Tz. ad Lyc. 1094, and so perh. in B. 4.8, S. Fr. 851. (Perh., like ἀκοίτης, ἄλοχος, from - copul., λέκτρον).


(B), ορος, ἡ, (- priv., λέγω) = cross ἄλεκτρος, Ath. 3.08b.

ἀλέκτωρ , -ορος ,

(poët. form of ἀλεκτρυών ; v. MM, VGT, s.v.),

[in LXX: Proverbs 30:31) (H2223; BDB, Lex., 267)*;]

a cock: Matthew 26:34, Mark 14:30; Mark 14:68; Mark 14:72 Luke 22:34; Luke 22:60-61, John 13:38; John 18:27.†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

See Rutherford NP p. 307 for the history of this word (MGr ἀλόχτερας ) in classical Greek. It is found in P Tebt I. 140 (B.C. 72) τι [μὴ ]ν ἀλέκτορος καὶ ἀρτοπίνακος . Add P Ryl II. 166.19 (A.D. 26) . ἕνα (which, as in 16718, is promised as a yearly offering, in the proposal to take up a lease), P Fay 11929 (c. A.D. 100) ἀλέκτορας δέκα , BGU I. 2694 (ii/iii A.D.) and IV. 106711 f. (A.D. 101–2) ἀλεκτόρων . From a later time (iii/iv A.D., according to Leemans) comes P Leid V ix. 31, .32, x. 1, where we have (τὸν ) ἀλέκτορα bis, and then ἀλεκτόρου : so Wünsch AF 3.16 (imperial) ὁ ἀλέκτωρ . It was clearly the normal Κοινή form; but ἀλεκτρυόνων may still be seen in P Oxy IX. 12078 (A.D. 175–6 ?) . τελείων τεσσάρων , in the same phrase as BGU IV. 1067 l.c. It is noteworthy that ἀλεκτρύων occurs in the well-known Gospel fragment (Mitteilungen of the Rainer Papyri I. i. 54) ὁ ἀλεκτρύων δὶς κοκ [κύξει ], Cf. Michel 692.5 (i/A.D.) ἀλεκτρύονα , but in l. 27 of the same inscription ἀλέκτορας .




The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αλεκτορα αλέκτορα ἀλέκτορα αλεκτωρ αλέκτωρ ἀλέκτωρ alektor alektōr aléktor aléktōr alektora aléktora
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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