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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#220 - ἀλέκτωρ
- a cock, or male of any bird, a rooster
(A), [ ᾰ], ορος, ὁ,
I poet. form of ἀλεκτρυών,
1. cock, ἕως ἐβόησεν ἀ. Batr. 192, cf. Pi. O. 12.14, Simon. 80 B, A. Ag. 1671, Eu. 861, Herod. 4.12, etc.; later Prose, Arist. Fr. 347, PTeb. 140 (i B. C.) LXX Pr. 24.66 (30.31), Matthew 26:34,al., IG 3.77: metaph., of a trumpeter, κοινὸς Ἀθηναίων ἀ. Demad. Fr. 4; of a flute, Ion Trag. 39.
2. ἀλέκτορος λόφος yellow rattle, Rhinanthusmajor, Plin. HN 27.40.
II husband, consort, Tz. ad Lyc. 1094, and so perh. in B. 4.8, S. Fr. 851. (Perh., like ἀκοίτης, ἄλοχος, from ἀ- copul., λέκτρον).
(B), ορος, ἡ, (ἀ- priv., λέγω) = cross ἄλεκτρος, Ath. 3.08b.
ἀλέκτωρ , -ορος , ὁ
(poët. form of ἀλεκτρυών ; v. MM, VGT, s.v.),
[in LXX: Proverbs 30:31) (H2223; BDB, Lex., 267)*;]
a cock: Matthew 26:34, Mark 14:30; Mark 14:68; Mark 14:72 Luke 22:34; Luke 22:60-61, John 13:38; John 18:27.†
See Rutherford NP p. 307 for the history of this word (MGr ἀλόχτερας ) in classical Greek. It is found in P Tebt I. 140 (B.C. 72) τι [μὴ ]ν ἀλέκτορος καὶ ἀρτοπίνακος . Add P Ryl II. 166.19 (A.D. 26) ἀ . ἕνα (which, as in 16718, is promised as a yearly offering, in the proposal to take up a lease), P Fay 11929 (c. A.D. 100) ἀλέκτορας δέκα , BGU I. 2694 (ii/iii A.D.) and IV. 106711 f. (A.D. 101–2) ἀλεκτόρων . From a later time (iii/iv A.D., according to Leemans) comes P Leid V ix. 31, .32, x. 1, where we have (τὸν ) ἀλέκτορα bis, and then ἀλεκτόρου : so Wünsch AF 3.16 (imperial) ὁ ἀλέκτωρ . It was clearly the normal Κοινή form; but ἀλεκτρυόνων may still be seen in P Oxy IX. 12078 (A.D. 175–6 ?) ἀ . τελείων τεσσάρων , in the same phrase as BGU IV. 1067 l.c. It is noteworthy that ἀλεκτρύων occurs in the well-known Gospel fragment (Mitteilungen of the Rainer Papyri I. i. 54) ὁ ἀλεκτρύων δὶς κοκ [κύξει ], Cf. Michel 692.5 (i/A.D.) ἀλεκτρύονα , but in l. 27 of the same inscription ἀλέκτορας .
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