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In linguistics, the lexicon of a language is its vocabulary, including its words and expressions. A lexicon is also a synonym of the word thesaurus. More formally, it is a language's inventory of lexemes. Coined in English 1603, the word "lexicon" derives from the Greek.
The lexicon includes the lexemes used to actualize words. Lexemes are formed according to morpho-syntactic rules and express sememes. In this sense, a lexicon organizes the mental vocabulary in a speaker's mind: First, it organizes the vocabulary of a language according to certain principles (for instance, all verbs of motion may be linked in a lexical network) and second, it contains a generative device producing (new) simple and complex words according to certain lexical rules. For example, the suffix '-able' can be added to transitive verbs only, so that we get 'read-able' but not 'cry-able'.
Available Lexicons (3 total)
The New Testament Aramaic lexicon is based on the work of "The Way International", a sect.
(Note: StudyLight.org does not, in any way, indorse the teachings of this group.)
The Old / New Testament Greek lexicon is based on Thayer's and Smith's Bible Dictionary and is keyed to the 'Theological Dictionary of the New Testament.' Real Audio pronunciations of each word, with alternates, are available.
The Old Testament Hebrew lexicon is derived from the Brown, Driver, Briggs, Gesenius Lexicon and is keyed to the "Theological Word Book of the Old Testament." Pronunciations of each word, with alternates, are provided.
Additional Lexical Resources (5 total)
There are sixty-one sets of synonyms given and compared. A complete discussion is given of the meaning and use of each Greek word. Then a comparison between them shows why they are used in various parts of the Holy Scriptures.
Explore meanings of key terms form the Old Testament with 'Girdlestone's Synonyms of the Old Testament.' This classic reference tool provides accurate, thorough definitions and information to enhance any word study.- Designed to be used by those who understand little or no Hebrew.
There are one hundred and seventeen sets of synonyms given and compared. A thorough discussion is given of the meaning and use of each Greek word. Then a comparison between them shows why they are used in various parts of the Holy Scriptures.
Gesenius' Hebrew Grammer is the definitive work required for studying Hebrew. The first edition of Hebraische Grammatik was published in German by Wilhelm Gesenius in Halle in 1813. This edition is the English translation from 1910 of the last significant revision of the work.
A FIGURE is simply a word or a sentence thrown into a peculiar form, different from its original or simplest meaning or use. Bullinger explores in depth how these figures of speeach partain to the Bible.