Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#797 - ἀστράπτω

probably from (G792)
Parts of Speech
  1. to lighten
    1. of dazzling objects
Strong #: 1300 ‑ בָּרָק (baw‑rawk');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(cf. στράπτω), impf. ἀστράπτεσκον Mosch. 2.86: fut. ἀστράψω Cratin. 53, Nonn. D. 33.376: aor. ἤστραψα Il. 17.595, etc.:


1. lighten, hurl lightnings, freq. of omens sent by Zeus, ἀστράπτων ἐπιδέξι' Il. 2.353; Κρονίδης ἐνδέξια σήματα φαίνων ἀστράπτει 9.237; ὡς δ' ὅτ' ἂν ἀστράπτῃ πόσις Ἥρης 10.5; ἀστράψας δὲ μάλα μεγάλ' ἔκτυπε 17.595; οὑλύμπιος ἤστραπτεν, ἐβρόντα Ar. Ach. 531, cf. V. 626.

2. impers., ἀστράπτει it lightens, ἤστραψε it lightened, οὐρανοῦ δ' ἄπο ἤστραψε S. Fr. 578, cf. Arist. Rh. 1392b27.

II flash or glance like lightning, πᾶς γὰρ ἀστράπτει χαλινός S. OC 1067 (lyr.); κατάχαλκον ἀ. πεδίον gleams with brass, E. Ph.

III; so ἀ. χαλκῷ X. Cyr. 6.4.1;

1. of the face, εἶδον τὴν ὄψιν.. ἀστράπτουσαν Pl. Phdr. 254b; ἀ. τοῖς ὄμμασι X. Cyn. 6.15; of flowers, ἀνεμωνίδες ἀστράπτουσαι bright, Nic. Fr. 74.64: c. acc. cogn., ἐξ ὀμμάτων δ' ἤστραπτε.. σέλας (sc. Τυφών) flashed flame from his eyes, A. Pr. 358; ἵμερον ἀστράπτουσα κατ' ὄμματος AP 12.161 (Ascl), cf. Mosch. l.c.; ἤστραψε γλυκὺ κάλλος AP 12.110 (Mel.).

2. of persons, to be brilliant, conspicuous, ἔν τινι Opp. C. 1.361, 2.23.

IV trans.,

1. consume with lightning, dub. in Cratin. 53.

2. illuminate, τι Musae. 276.

ἀστράπτω ,

[in LXX for H1300;]

to lighten, flash forth: Luke 17:24; Luke 24:4 (MM, s.v.).†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The MGr ἀστράφτει , ";it lightens,"; reinforces the literary record. The word was vernacular, though, as in the case of the noun, we know of no exx. except in the magic papyri, P Lond 46.150 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 70) ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ἀστράπτων : so ib. 121.234 (iii/A.D.) and 122.92 (iv/A.D.) (= I. pp. 92, 119).



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αστραπτουσα αστράπτουσα ἀστράπτουσα αστραπτούσαις αστραπτουση ἀστραπτούσῃ άστραψον αστρολόγοι ήστραψεν astraptousa astráptousa astraptouse astraptousē astraptoúsei astraptoúsēi
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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