Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#804 - ἀσφαλής

from (G1) (as a negative particle) and sphallo (to "fail")
Parts of Speech
  1. firm (that which can be relied on)
  2. certain, true
  3. suited to confirm
Strong #: 833 ‑ אָשֵׁר (aw‑shar', aw‑share');  3653 ‑ כֵּן (kane);  5810 ‑ עָזַז (aw‑zaz');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀσφαλ-ής, ές, (σφάλλομαι, σφαλῆναι)


1. not liable to fall, immovable, steadfast, in Hom. only once as Adj. (cf. infr. III), θεῶν ἕδος ἀ. αἰεί Od. 6.42, cf. Hes. Th. 128, Pi. N. 6.3, Theoc. 2.34, etc.; ἀσφαλῆ θεῶν νόμιμα S. Ant. 454; unshaken, of purpose, ἀ. ὁ νοῦς Id. Fr. 351.

2. of friends and the like, unfailing, trusty, οὐ γὰρ οἱ.. εὐρύνωτοι φῶτες ἀσφαλέστατοι Id. Aj. 1251; ἀ. στρατηλάτης E. Ph. 599, cf. Th. 1.69: c. inf., φρονεῖν γὰρ οἱ ταχεῖς οὐκ ἀσφαλεῖς the hasty in counsel are not safe, S. OT 617, cf. Pl. Sph. 231a; σῴζειν τὰ κοινὰ πράγματ' ἀσφαλέσταται E. IT 1062; of things, sure, certain, Th. 4.108,etc.

3. assured from danger, safe, ἀ. αἰών Pi. P. 3.86; ἀσφαλεῖ σὺν ἐξόδῳ S. OC 1288; ἀ. ὄρος X. Lac. 12.1; ὁδός -εστέρα Id. HG 5.4.51; ἐν τῷ ἀσφαλεῖ in safety, Th. 1.137, 8.39, cf. Pl. Lg. 892e; ἐν ἀσφαλεῖ τοῦ μὴ παθεῖν X. Cyr. 3.3.31; τοῦ λαλεῖν Men. Sam. 25; ἐν -εστέρῳ, -εστάτῳ, X. Cyr. 7.1.21, An. 1.8.22; ἐν ἀ. βίου E. Hipp. 785; μένειν ἐν τῷ ἀ. X. An. 4.7.8; ἐξ ἀσφαλοῦς from a place of safety, Id. Eq.Mag. 4.16; τοῦ ἀσφαλέος εἵνεκα Hdt. 1.109; τὸ ἀ., = cross ἀσφάλεια, Th. 6.55, etc.; μετὰ τοῦ αὑτῆς ἀ. with no risk to herself, Plot. 4.8.7; ἀσφαλές [ἐστι], c. inf., it is safe to.., Hdt. 3.75, E. Ph. 891, Ar. Av. 1489: abs., ἀλλ' οὐκ ἀσφαλές Pl. Phlb. 61d, etc.; φεύγειν αὐτοῖς ἀσφαλέστερόν ἐστιν ἢ ἡμῖν X. An. 3.2.19.

4. ἀ. ῥήτωρ a convincing speaker, Id. Mem. 4.6.15.

5. in Lit. Crit., sound, not risky, of language or rhythm, Demetr. Eloc. 19, 41. Adv. -ῶς, ἐρεῖ ib. 78.

II Subst. ἀσφαλές, τό, = cross ἀσφάλεια 6, BGU 984.14 (iv A. D.), etc.

III Adv. ἀσφαλέως, ἔχειν, μένειν, to be, remain firm, steady, Il. 23.325, Od. 17.235: neut. ἀσφαλές as Adv., Il. (v. infr.); δρακεῖσ' ἀσφαλές Pi. P. 2.20; ἀ. ἀγορεύει without faltering, Od. 8.171, Hes. Th. 86; ἔμπεδον ἀσφαλέως Il. 13.141, Od. 13.86; ἔμπεδον ἀσφαλὲς αἰεί Il. 15.683. Adv. ἀσφαλῶς (-έως) is used in all senses of the Adj., -έως βεβηκὼς ποσσί Archil. 58.4; in safety, with certainty, S. OT 613; ἀ. βουλεύειν And. 3.34; ἀ. ἔχει Hdt. 1.86: c. inf., Lys. 27.6; ἀ. προσθεῖναι as a precaution, Alex.Aphr. in Mete. 14.10: Comp. -έστερον Hdt. 2.161, Pl. Phd. 85d; but -εστέρως Hp. Prorrh. 2.15, Th. 4.71: Sup. -έστατα Hp. Prorrh. 2.23, Pl. R. 467e.

ἀσφαλής , -ές

(< - neg., σφάλλω , to trip up),

[in LXX for H833 pu., etc.;]

certain, secure, safe: Acts 21:34; Acts 22:30; Acts 25:26, Philippians 3:1, Hebrews 6:19 (MM, s.v.).†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

BGU III. 909.24 (A.D. 359) ἐν ἀσϕ ̣α ̣λ ̣ε ̣ι ̣̑ πα ̣ρὰ σε ̣[αυ ]τ ̣[ ] αὐτ ̣ο ̣υ ̣̀ς ̣ τ ̣ο ̣υ ̣τ ̣ο ̣υ ̣ς ̣ ἔχιν . P Oxy III. 530.21 (ii/A.D.) ἀποδοῦσα οὖν αὐτῶι ἀπολήμψῃ τὰ ἱμάτια ὑγῆ καὶ ἐν ἀσφαλεῖ ποιήσῃς , ";get my clothes back safe, and put them in a secure place"; (Edd.), ib. 433.9 (ii/iii A.D.) ἐν ἀσφαλεῖ [ ]τω . Priene 114.10 (i/B.C.) τὴν ] δὲ πίστιν καὶ φυλ [ακὴν ] τῶν παραδοθέντων αὐτῶι γραμμάτων ἐποι [ήσ ]ατο ἀσφαλῆ . Ib. 118.8 (i/B.C.) ἀσφαλέστατα πρὸς πάντα τὸν χρόνον γενηθῆναι τὰ βραβ [εῖα . For the adverb, cf. P Giss I. 19.14 (ii/A.D.) παρα ]καλῶ σε οὖν ἀσφαλῶς σεαυτὸν [τηρεῖν vel sim.]. P Hib I. 53.3 (B.C. 246) ἀσφαλῶς διεγγυᾶν , ";to get good security,"; P Oxy IV. 742.5 f. (B.C. 2) θ [ ]ς αὐτὰς εἰς τόπον ἀσφαλῶς , ";set them (sc. bundles of reeds) in a safe place."; The word was common.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ασφαλείς ασφαλες ασφαλές ἀσφαλές ἀσφαλὲς ασφαλη ασφαλή ἀσφαλῆ ασφαλής asphale asphalê asphalē asphalē̂ asphales asphalés asphalès
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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