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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#937 - βασιλικός

from (G935)
Parts of Speech
  1. of or belong to a king, kingly, royal, regal
    1. of a man, the officer or minister of a prince, a courtier
  2. subject to a king
    1. of a country
  3. befitting or worthy of a king, royal
  4. metaph. principal, chief
Strong #: 4428 ‑ מֶלֶךְ (meh'‑lek);  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βᾰσῐλ-ικός, ή, όν,


1. royal, kingly, ποιέεις οὐδαμῶς -κά Hdt. 2.173; β. γένος A. Pr. 869; β. [μοναρχία ] Pl. Plt. 291e; opp. τυραννικός, Arist. Pol. 1285b3; βασιλικοὶ ἀπέβησαν proved themselves truly kingly, Plb. 8.10.10; βασιλικόν [ἐστι] πράττειν μὲν εὖ, κακῶς δ' ἀκούειν Arr. Epict. 4.6.20; ἦθος β. X. Oec. 21.10; τὸ β. Id. Cyr. 1.3.18: βασιλική (sc. τέχνη), , art of ruling, Andronic.Rhod. p.574M.: Comp. -ώτερος Herm. ap. Stob. 1.49.45, Jul. Or. 2.54d: Sup. βασιλικώτατος καὶ ἄρχειν ἀξιώτατος X. An. 1.9.1, cf. Isoc. 2.29; -ωτάτη χάρις Plu. Alex. 21. Adv. -κῶς, παρών as a king, with kingly authority, X. Cyr. 1.4.14; β. ἄρχειν Arist. Pol. 1259b1.

2. of or belonging to a king, οἱ β. the king's friends or officers, Plb. 8.12.10; ἐγκλήματα β. charges of high-treason, Id. 25.3.1; ὀφειλήματα β. debts to the king, ib. 3; β. πρόσοδοι PPetr. 3p.56; γραμματεύς (cf. 11.1) Wilcken Chr. 233.2 (ii B.C.), etc.; γεωργοί PTeb. 5.200 (ii B.C.), etc.; ὁδὸς β. the king's highway, LXX Numbers 20:17, PPetr. 3p.65 (iii B.C.); μὴ εἶναι β. ἀτραπὸν ἐπὶ γεωμετρίαν no royal road, Euc. ap. Procl. in Euc. p.68F.; β. νόμος OGI 483.1, Ephesians 2:8; αἱ β. βίβλοι the books of Kings, Ph. 1.427.

3. choice (cf. βασίλειος 3), μίνδαξ Amphis 27.

4. κάρυα β. walnuts, Dsc. 1.125; καρύαι PSI 4.428.65 (iii B.C.). β. κύμινον, = ἄμι, Dsc. 3.62.

II as Subst.,

1. βασιλικός (sc. γραμματεύς), , official in Egyptian νομοί, POxy. 1219.15 (iii A. D.). (sc. οἶκος) basilica, CIG 2782.25 (Aphrodisias). (sc. ὄρνις) = ἀκαλανθίς, Sch. Ar. Pax 1078. (sc. ἀστήρ) = βασιλίσκος v, Cat.Cod.Astr. 7.201.23.

2. βασιλικὴ στοά hall divided into aisles by columns, IG 12(3).326.18 (Thera), Str. 5.3.8 (pl.); β. alone, OGI 511.15 (Aezani), Lat. basilica, Vitr. 5.1.4,6.3.9, cf. Plu. Publ. 15, Cat.Mi. 5, App. BC 2.26.

3. βασιλικόν (sc. ταμιεῖον), τό, treasury, εἰς τὸ β. ἀπομετρῆσαι, τελεῖν, PSI 4.344.17 (iii B.C.), D.S. 2.40, etc.; ὀφείλειν PRLaws 5.1, al.; royal bank, OGI 90.29 (Rosetta), PRein. 13.19, al., BGU 830.18 (i A. D.). (sc. δῶμα) palace, D.C. 60.4. (sc. πρόσταγμα) royal decree, LXX Es. 1.19. (sc. φάρμακον) name for various remedies, = τετραφάρμακον, Gal. 12.601; of other compounds, ibid.; a plaster, Id. 13.184; an eyesalve, Id. 12.782 (also -κός, ὁ, a bandage, Id. 18(1).777). (sc. φυτόν) basil, Ocimum basilicum, Suid. βασιλικά, τά, communications received from kings, SIG 333.23 (Samos), 426.26 (Teos); also, interests or revenues of the crown, PRLaws 15.4 (iii B. C.), PTeb. 5.256 (ii B. C.), LXX 1 Maccabees 10:43; prerogatives, 1 Maccabees 15:8.

βασιλικός , - , -όν

(< βασιλεύς ),

[in LXX for H4428 and its cognates;]

royal, belonging to a king: χώρα , Acts 12:20; ἐσθής , Acts 12:21; νόμος β ., a supreme law, "a law which governs other laws and so has a specially regal character" (Hort), or because made by a king (LAE, p. 367, 3), James 2:8; τις , one in the service of a king, a courtier, John 4:46; John 4:49 (WH, mg., βασιλίσκος ).†

βασιλίσκος , -ου ,

(dim, of βασιλεύς ),

[in LXX a basilisk: Psalms 91:13 (H6620), Isaiah 59:5 (H660) *;]

prop., a petty king: John 4:46; John 4:49 WH, mg. (see βασιλικός ).†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

βασιλικός is exceedingly common, but we may note P Petr III. 31.5 (B.C. 240) π ̣ο ̣ρευομένου ἐπὶ τῆς βασιλικῆς ὁδοῦ as coeval with the almost identical phrase of the LXX in Numbers 20:17. This phrase at a later time was used to render via regalis, a Roman road built by the Emperor : see Ramsay CRE, p. 32 ff., where a Latin inscr. from Pisidia brings the original back to the time of Augustus. The adj. is applied to the revenue in P Petr III. 26.15 ὁ πράκτωρ ὁ ἐπὶ τῶν βασιλικ ( )ν προσόδων τεταγμένος , ";the officer appointed to collect the royal revenues";; Chrest. I. 198.19 (B.C. 240) τῶι ἐμ Βουβάστωι βασιλικῶι θησαυρῶι . In a papyrus of the latter half of ii/A.D., edited by Comparetti in Mél. Nicole, p. 57 ff., we find iv. 19 βασιλικῷ Ὀξυρυγχείτου . The editor remarks (p. 67) that in the absence of the Strategus his functions were fulfilled by his deputy, the βασιλικὸς γραμματεύς . So P Oxy IX. 1219.15 (iii/A.D.) Ἀπ [ ]ωνα τὸν τοῦ Προσωπείτου βασιλικόν , ";A. the basilicogrammateus of the Prosopite nome"; (Ed.) : the addressee, another Apion, held the same office in the Letopolite nome—cf. l..20 βασιλικ ( ) γρ (αμματεῖ ). If we might apply the Egyptian analogy, we might assume that γραμματεύς should similarly be supplied in John 4:46; but the τις raises a difficulty. For the full title cf. Chrest. I. 224 (iii/B.C.), where a man registers his house πρὸς Καλλικράτην τὸν οἰκονόμον καὶ Ἰμούθην τὸν βασιλικὸν γραμματέα , etc. In Chrest. I. 308, an ostracon of ii/B.C., a certain Psenchousis, apparently a clerk in the office of the royal οἰκονόμος , pays 2000 dr. into the bank ἀπὸ τιμῆς ὀθονίων βασιλικῶν τοῦ λ ̄α ̄ (ἔτους ) : linen was a royal monopoly. There was in the imperial period a β . τραπεζίτης , as at Heptacomia in P Giss I. 59iii. 18 (A.D. 118–9). We need not illustrate such a word more fully, but we might quote Syll 846.3 f. (B.C. 197–6) ἐπὶ τοῖσδε ἀπέδοτο Δαμέας ὁ παρὰ τοῦ βασιλέως Ἀττάλου ὁ ἐπὶ τῶν ἔργων τῶν βασιλικῶν Ἀρτεμιδώραν τὰν βασιλικὰν παιδίσκαν τῶι Ἀπόλλωνι τῶι Πυθίωι for freedom. On νόμος βασιλικός in James 2:8 Deissmann refers to a heading probably added in the time of Trajan to an inscription at Pergamum containing the law of astynomy—τὸν βασιλικὸν νόμον ἐκ τῶν ἰδίων ἀνέθηκεν , ";he set up the royal law out of his own means."; This designation of the law as ";royal,"; because made by one of the kings of Pergamum, points, he thinks, to a similar reference in the first place to the origin of the law in the James passage (see LAE, p. 367, n..8). Grimm notes that the phrase is applied to τὸ ὀρθόν in Plato.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βασιλική βασιλικην βασιλικήν βασιλικὴν βασιλικης βασιλικής βασιλικῆς βασιλικοί βασιλικοίς βασιλικον βασιλικόν βασιλικὸν βασιλικος βασιλικός βασιλικὸς βασιλικού βασιλικώ βασιλίσκον basiliken basilikēn basilikḕn basilikes basilikês basilikēs basilikē̂s basilikon basilikòn basilikos basilikós basilikòs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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