Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#101 - ἀδυνατέω

from (G102)
Parts of Speech
  1. impossible
    1. not to have strength, power, or ability, to be weak
    2. can not be done, to be impossible
Strong #: 597 ‑ אָנַס (aw‑nas');  1219 ‑ בָּצַר (baw‑tsar');  3766 ‑ כָּרַע (kaw‑rah');  3782 ‑ כָּשַׁל (kaw‑shal');  4191 ‑ מוּת (mooth);  6381 ‑ פָּלָא (paw‑law');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I of persons, to be ἀδύνατος, lack strength, Epich. 266, Arist. Somn.Vig. 454a27: c. inf., to be unable to do, Hp. de Arte 7, Pl. R. 366d, X. Mem. 1.2.23, Arist. EN 1165b22, Pol. 1287b17, etc.

II of things, to be impossible, LXX Job 10:13, Phld. Ir. p.98 W., Matthew 17:20, Luke 1:37, Ps.-Callisth. 3.26.

ἁδυνατέω , -

(<ἁδύνατος ),

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 17:8, Zechariah 8:6 (H6381 ni.), Job 42:2 ni.), al.;]

1. to be unable (cl., Philo; Papyri, v. MM, VGT, s.v.).

2. In LXX and NT (Kennedy, Sources, 124; Hatch, Essays, 4; Field, Notes, 46f.), to be impossible: Matthew 17:20, Luke 1:37.†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Applied to persons this verb retains its classic sense, ";to be incapable,"; in late Greek : cf. P Par 35.36 (B.C. 163), διὰ τὸ ἐμὲ ἐν κατοχεῖ ὄντα ἀδυνατεῖν, ib. 63.13 f. (B.C. 165) ὅπως μήτεν τῶν ἀδυνατούντων γεωργεῖν περισπᾶται μηθείς, and .89 f. τοὺς ἀδυνατοῦντας ἀναγκάζειν ἐπιδέχεσθαι τὰ τῆς γεωργίας. The neuter sense, ";to be impossible,"; when applied to things, appears in the LXX, which seems to tell in favour of the AV rendering in Luke 1:37, as against the RV : see Hatch Essays p. 4, Field Notes p. 46 f., where the true reading παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ (RV) is rendered ";for from God no word (or, nothing) shall be impossible.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αδυνατεί αδυνατησει αδυνατήσει ἀδυνατήσει αδυνατήση αδυνατήσουσιν αδυνατούσι adunatesei adunatēsei adynatesei adynatēsei adynatḗsei
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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