Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#66 - ἄγριος

Transliteration
ágrios
Phonetics
ag'-ree-os
Origin
from (G68)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Definition
  1. living or growing in the fields or woods
    1. of animals, wild, savage
    2. of countries, wild, uncultivated, unreclaimed
  2. of men and animals in a moral sense, wild savage, fierce
    1. boorish, rude
    2. of any violent passion, vehement, furious
Strong #: 618 ‑ אָסָם (aw‑sawm');  776 ‑ אֶרֶץ (eh'‑rets);  1250 ‑ בָּר (bawr, bar);  2738 ‑ חָרֻל (khaw‑rool', khaw‑rool');  6501 ‑ פֶּרֶה (peh'‑reh, peh'‑reh);  7704 ‑ שָׂדַי (saw‑deh', saw‑dah'ee);  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄγριος, α, ον, Od. 9.119; also ος, ον (not in Trag. or com). Il. 19.88, Phoc. 3.6, Pl. Lg. 824a, Theoc. 22.36: Comp. -ώτερος Th. 6.60: Sup. -ώτατος Pl. R. 564a (ἀγρός):

living in the fields, wild, savage.

I

1. of animals, opp. τιθασός ἥμερος, wild, βάλλειν ἄγρια πάντα Il. 5.52; αἶξ, σῦς, 3.24, 9.539; even of flies, ἄ. φῦλα, μυίας 19.30; ἵπποι, ὄνοι, etc., Hdt. 7.86, etc.; ἄ. τέρας, of a bull, E. Hipp. 1214; ἄ. θηρία X. An. 1.2.7; of men, living in a wild state, Hdt. 4.191.

2. of trees, opp. ἥμερος, wild, Pi. Fr. 46, Hdt. 4.21, etc.; μητρὸς ἀγρίας ἄπο ποτόν of the wild vine, A. Pers. 614, cf. Arist. Pr. 896a8; ἄ. ἔλαιον S. Tr. 1197; ὕλη Id. OT 476, etc.; μέλι Matthew 3:4.

3. of countries, wild, uncultivated, Pl. Phd. 113b, Lg. 905b.

II mostly of men, beasts, etc.:

1. in moral sense, savage, fierce, Il. 8.96, Od. 1.199, etc., cf. Ar. Nu. 567; δεσπότης Pl. R. 329c; ἄ. καὶ ἀπαίδευτος Id. Grg. 510b; ἄγριε παῖ καὶ στυγνέ Theoc. 23.19, cf. 2.54; ἄ. κυβευτής a passionate gambler, Men. 965; esp. of παιδερασταί, Ar. Nu. 349 (cf. Sch. ad loc.), Aeschin. 1.52, Aen. Gaz. Thphr. p.14 B.

2. of temper, wild, fierce, θυμός, χόλος, Il. 9.629, 4.23; λέων δ' ὥς, ἄγρια οἶδεν 24.41; ἄ. πτόλεμος, μῶλος, 17.737, 398; ἄγριος ἄτη 19.88; ἄ. ὁδοί cruel ways or counsels, S. Ant. 1274; ὀργή OT 344 (Sup.); ἀγριώτατα ἤθεα Hdt. 4.106; ἔρωτες Pl. Phd. 81a; φιλία Id. Lg. 837b, cf. R. 572b, etc.; τὸ ἄ. savageness, Id. Cra. 394e; ἐς τὸ -ώτερον to harsher measures, Th. l.c.

3. of things, circumstances, etc., cruel, harsh, δεσμά A. Pr. 177; νὺξ -ωτέρη wild, stormy, Hdt. 8.13; δουλεία Pl. R. 564a; σύντασις ἀ. a violent strain, Id. Phlb. 46d; ἄ. βάρος, of strong, hot wine, Ar. Fr. 351. ἀ. νόσος, prob., malignant, S. Ph. 173, 265; ἄ. ἕλκος Bion 1.16.

III Adv. -ίως, savagely, A. Eu. 972, Ar. V. 705; ἄγρια δερκομένω, παίσδων, Hes. Sc. 236, Mosch. 1.11. [ Hom.; in trim., in lyr. A. and S.; E.; metri grat., where the ult. is long, Il. 22.313 (nisi leg. ἀγρίοο).]

ἄγριος , -α , -ον (<ἀγρός ), [in LXX for H7704, etc.;]

1. living in fields, wild: μέλι , Matthew 3:4, Mark 1:6.

2. savage, fierce: Judges 1:13. (Cf. usage in Papyri of a malignant wound; MM, VGT, s.v.)†


Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Tebt II. 612 (i/ii A.D.) θήρας ἀγρι ̣ω ̣ν : cf. BGU IV. 1123.9 (time of Augustus) ἢ ἰχθύας ἢ ἀγρίας ἢ ξυλείας. The adjective is used of a ";malignant"; sore or wound in Syll 802.114 (iii/B.C.) ὑπὸ τοῦ ἀγρίου ἕλκεος δεινῶς διακείμ [εν ]ος : ib. 806.5 (Roman age).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγρια αγρία άγρια ἄγρια αγρίαν άγριοι αγριον άγριον ἄγριον άγριος αγρίων agria ágria agrion ágrion
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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