Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#19 - ἀγαθωσύνη
goodness, kindness, LXX Judges 9:16, al., Romans 15:14, Ephesians 5:9.
(on the termination, see ἀγιότης , and cf. WH, App., 152; MM, VGT, s.v.), -ης , ἡ
(< ἀγαθός ),
goodness (representing "the kindlier, as δικαιοσύνη , the sterner element in the ideal character," AR, Ephesians 5:9; on its relation to χρηστότη s, v. Tr., Syn., § 63): Romans 15:14, Galatians 5:22, 2 Thessalonians 1:11.†
The word is ";found only in bibl. and eccl. writers"; (Grimm-Thayer). But the abstract suffix -σύνη (on which cf. Brugmann-Thumb Griech. Gramm.4, p. 224) was productive in the Hellenistic period. About a dozen nouns occur in NT, and ἁγιωσύνη and μεγαλωσύνη come under the same condemnation in Grimm-Thayer : so would ταπεινοφροσύνη, but Thayer quotes Josephus and Epictetus against Grimm. Nägeli (p. 43) has ";profane"; warrant for ἁγιωσύνη, which is none the worse for being later than NT times. Any writer was free to coin an abstract of this sort, just as we can attach the suffix -ness to any adjective we please; and the absence of attestation signifies nothing that could carry any weight.
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Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Sixth Week after Easter