Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #01602 - גָּעַל
1) to abhor, loathe, be vilely cast away, fall
1a) (Qal) to abhor, loathe
1b) (Niphal) to be defiled
1c) (Hiphil) to reject as loathsome, show aversion
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
גָּעַל to loathe, to reject with loathing, to cast away (Ch. Ithpeal, to be unclean, impure, see גָּאַל No. II.; whence the notion of loathing may be derived, that is, to regard as impure, foul, comp. זָהַם). There often occurs גָּֽעֲלָה נַפְשִׁי אֵת “my soul loatheth any thing,” Leviticus 26:11, 15 Leviticus 26:15, 30 Leviticus 26:30, 43 Leviticus 26:43 followed by בְּ Jeremiah 14:19 and withont נֶפֶשׁ Leviticus 26:44; Ezekiel 16:45.
Niphal, to be cast away. 2 Samuel 1:21, כִּי שָׁם נִגְעַל מָגֵן גִּבּוֹרִים “for there the shield of the mighty was cast away;” “ibi enim abjectus est clypeus heroum,” as well in the Vulg., LXX. προσωχθίσθη.
Hiphil i.q. Kal, Job 21:10, שֹׁורוֹ עִבַּד וְלֹא יַגְעִל “his cow conceiveth and casteth not,” does not suffer abortion. Vulg. “bos eorum concepit, et non abortivit;” so also Aqu., Symm., LXX. I prefer however, “taurus ejus init vaccam, neque abjicit,” sc. semen; i.e. the coitus is not fruitless, the cows conceive; so that the fruitful breeding would be spoken of in the former hemistich, in the latter the prosperous birth.
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