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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #02689 - חֲצֹצְרָה
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חֲצֹצְרָה & חֲצוֹצְרָה f. a trumpet, Numbers 10:2, seq.; 31:6 Hosea 5:8; 2 Kings 12:14. [“This was the straight trumpet, different from the שׁוֹפָר buccina or horn, which was crooked like a horn. See Jos., Ant., iii. 12:6. Jerome on Hosea 5:8 Buxtorf’s Lexicon, p. 816.”] Various have been the conjectures as to the etymology. Most (with whom I formerly agreed), derive it from חָצַר, Arab. حِضر to be present, Conj. X. to call together; hence the form חֲצוֹצֵר was considered to be after the analogy of the 12th Arabic conjugation, to call together (with a trumpet), whence חֲצֹצְרָה a trumpet, so called from calling together. Others (amongst whom of late Ewald, Hebr. Gram. p. 242), derive חֲצֹצְרָה from חָצַר No. I; supposing it to be so called because of its being narrow and slender, an etymology much less suitable. I have no doubt that this word is onomatopoetic, imitating the clangour of the sound of a trumpet, as in Latin taratantara, in the verse of Ennius ap. Serv., ad Virg. Æn., ix. 503, Germ. trarara. To this the Hebrew word before us is similar, especially if pronounced in the Arabic manner حضاضرة had̯dera. From this noun is derived the verb
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