Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #03478 - יִשְׂרָאֵל

Transliteration
yiśrâ'êl
Phonetics
yis-raw-ale'
Origin
from (08280) and (0410)
Parts of Speech
Proper Name Masculine
TWOT
None
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

Israel = “God prevails”

1) the second name for Jacob given to him by God after his wrestling with the angel at Peniel

2) the name of the descendants and the nation of the descendants of Jacob

2a) the name of the nation until the death of Solomon and the split

2b) the name used and given to the northern kingdom consisting of the 10 tribes under Jeroboam; the southern kingdom was known as Judah

2c) the name of the nation after the return from exile

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2474 ‑ Ἰσραήλ (is‑rah‑ale');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (2502)
Genesis
42
Exodus
170
Leviticus
66
Numbers
236
Deuteronomy
72
Joshua
160
Judges
183
Ruth
5
1 Samuel
150
2 Samuel
117
1 Kings
203
2 Kings
163
1 Chronicles
114
2 Chronicles
187
Ezra
32
Nehemiah
22
Psalms
62
Proverbs
1
Ecclesiastes
1
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
92
Jeremiah
125
Lamentations
3
Ezekiel
186
Daniel
4
Hosea
44
Joel
3
Amos
30
Obadiah
1
Micah
12
Nahum
1
Zephaniah
4
Zechariah
5
Malachi
5
NAS (2503)
Genesis
42
Exodus
169
Leviticus
65
Numbers
236
Deuteronomy
72
Joshua
160
Judges
184
Ruth
5
1 Samuel
151
2 Samuel
117
1 Kings
203
2 Kings
164
1 Chronicles
114
2 Chronicles
187
Ezra
32
Nehemiah
22
Psalms
62
Proverbs
1
Ecclesiastes
1
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
92
Jeremiah
125
Lamentations
3
Ezekiel
186
Daniel
4
Hosea
44
Joel
3
Amos
30
Obadiah
1
Micah
12
Nahum
1
Zephaniah
4
Zechariah
5
Malachi
5
HCS (2492)
Genesis
43
Exodus
169
Leviticus
65
Numbers
236
Deuteronomy
71
Joshua
160
Judges
182
Ruth
5
1 Samuel
149
2 Samuel
116
1 Kings
203
2 Kings
163
1 Chronicles
113
2 Chronicles
184
Ezra
32
Nehemiah
21
Psalms
62
Proverbs
1
Ecclesiastes
1
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
92
Jeremiah
125
Lamentations
3
Ezekiel
186
Daniel
4
Hosea
44
Joel
3
Amos
30
Obadiah
1
Micah
12
Nahum
1
Zephaniah
4
Zechariah
5
Malachi
5
BSB (2506)
Genesis
43
Exodus
170
Leviticus
65
Numbers
237
Deuteronomy
72
Joshua
160
Judges
184
Ruth
5
1 Samuel
151
2 Samuel
117
1 Kings
203
2 Kings
164
1 Chronicles
114
2 Chronicles
187
Ezra
32
Nehemiah
22
Psalms
62
Proverbs
1
Ecclesiastes
1
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
92
Jeremiah
125
Lamentations
3
Ezekiel
186
Daniel
4
Hosea
44
Joel
3
Amos
30
Obadiah
1
Micah
12
Nahum
1
Zephaniah
4
Zechariah
5
Malachi
5
ESV (2307)
Genesis
41
Leviticus
66
Numbers
236
Deuteronomy
71
Joshua
160
Judges
183
Ruth
5
1 Samuel
150
2 Samuel
117
1 Kings
199
2 Kings
163
1 Chronicles
113
2 Chronicles
187
Ezra
32
Nehemiah
21
Psalms
61
Proverbs
1
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
87
Jeremiah
120
Lamentations
3
Ezekiel
185
Daniel
4
Hosea
44
Joel
2
Amos
29
Micah
12
Zephaniah
4
Zechariah
5
Malachi
5
WEB (2502)
Genesis
42
Exodus
168
Leviticus
66
Numbers
236
Deuteronomy
72
Joshua
160
Judges
184
Ruth
5
1 Samuel
151
2 Samuel
117
1 Kings
203
2 Kings
164
1 Chronicles
114
2 Chronicles
186
Ezra
32
Nehemiah
22
Psalms
62
Proverbs
1
Ecclesiastes
1
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
92
Jeremiah
125
Lamentations
3
Ezekiel
186
Daniel
4
Hosea
44
Joel
3
Amos
30
Obadiah
1
Micah
12
Nahum
1
Zephaniah
4
Zechariah
5
Malachi
5
Verse Results
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

יִשְׂרָאֵל (“contender,” “soldier of God,” from שָׂרָה to fight, and אֵל, Genesis 32:29, 35:10 compare 12:4 ), Israel, pr.n. given by God to Jacob the patriarch (Gen. locc. citt.), but used more frequently of his descendants, i.e. of the Israelitish nation (comp. יַעֲקֹב).-יִשְׂרָאֵל or בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל signifies

(1) all the descendants of Israel, or Israelites. Genesis 34:7, 49:7. אֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל 1 Samuel 13:19; 2 Kings 6:23; Ezekiel 27:17 and יִשְׂרָאֵל f. Isaiah 19:24, the land of Israel, i.e. Palestine. Emphatically יִשְׂרָאֵל is sometimes used of those really worthy of the name of Israelites (ἀληθῶς Ἰσραηλίται, John 1:48), as being righteous, Isaiah 49:3; Psalms 73:1 according to Romans 9:6, οὐ γὰρ πάντες οἱ ἐξ Ἰσραήλ, οὗτοι Ἰσραήλ; also lovingly, as elsewhere יְשֻׁרוּן (which see). Hosea 8:2, יְדַעֲנוּךָ יִשְׂרָאֵל “we know thee, we (are thy) Israel,” compare Psalms 24:6.

(2) From the time of the dissensions, after the death of Saul, between the ten tribes and Judah, the ten tribes, following Ephraim as their leader, took to themselves this honourable name of the whole nation (2 Samuel 2:9, 10 2 Samuel 2:10, 17 2 Samuel 2:17, 28 2 Samuel 2:28, 3:10, 17 2 Samuel 3:17 -19:4043 ; 1 Kings 12:1); and this after the death of Solomon was applied to the kingdom founded by Jeroboam, so that from that time the kings of the ten tribes were called מַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, while David’s posterity, who ruled Judah and Benjamin, were called מַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה. Other names of the ten tribes were אֶפְרַיִם (which see), taken from the more powerful tribe, and שֹׂמְרוֹן (which see), from the capital city. The prophets of that period, principally of Judah, occasionally use both names, Judah and Israel, in poetical parallelism of the kingdom of Judah[?], see Isaiah 1:3, 4:2 5:7 10:20 Micah 1:14.

(3) After the Babylonish exile, the whole people, although chiefly consisting of the remains of Judah and Benjamin, again took the name most delighted in by the nation when flourishing, (1Ma_3:35 4:11, 30, 31 and on the coins of the Maccabees, which are inscribed שקל ישראל): whence it is, that in the Chronicles יִשְׂרָאֵל is even used of the kingdom of Judah, 2 Chronicles 12:1, 15:17 19:8 21:2, 2 Chronicles 21:4, 23:2 24:5.

The Gentile noun is יִשְׂרְאֵלִי 2 Samuel 17:25 fem. יִשְׂרְאֵלִית Leviticus 24:10, Israelite.

[יְשַׂרְאֵלָה pr.n. m. 1 Chronicles 25:14, see יְשַׁ׳.]

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List of Word Forms
בְּ֝יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל בְּיִשְׂרָ֫אֵ֥ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל֒ בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל בְיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ בישראל בישראל׃ וְ֝יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְיִ֨שְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֨ל וְיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ וְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וּ֝בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וּבְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וּלְיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וּלְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וּלְיִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל וּמִֽיִּשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וּמִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֑ל ובישראל וישראל וישראל׃ ולישראל ומישראל יִ֝שְׂרָאֵ֗ל יִ֠שְׂרָאֵל יִ֭שְׂרָאֵל יִשְׂרָ֫אֵ֥ל יִשְׂרָֽאֵל׃ יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֕ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֞ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֡ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל ׀ יִשְׂרָאֵ֤ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֤ל ׀ יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל ׀ יִשְׂרָאֵ֧ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֧ל ׀ יִשְׂרָאֵ֨ל יִשְׂרָאֵ֨ל ׀ יִשְׂרָאֵֽ֑ל יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ יִשְׂרָאֵל֩ יִשְׂרָאֵל֮ יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל ישראל ישראל׃ כְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל כישראל לְ֝יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֤ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל לְיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ לישראל לישראל׃ מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֑ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֔ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֖ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֗ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֛ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֜ל מִיִּשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל֒ מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל֙ מישראל מישראל׃ bə·yiś·rā·’êl ḇə·yiś·rā·’êl bəyiśrā’êl ḇəyiśrā’êl beYisraEl kə·yiś·rā·’êl kəyiśrā’êl keYisraEl lə·yiś·rā·’êl ləyiśrā’êl leYisraEl mî·yiś·rā·’êl mîyiśrā’êl miYisraEl ū·ḇə·yiś·rā·’êl ū·lə·yiś·rā·’êl ū·mî·yiś·rā·’êl ūḇəyiśrā’êl ūləyiśrā’êl uleYisraEl ūmîyiśrā’êl umiYisraEl uveYisraEl veYisraEl wə·yiś·rā·’êl wəyiśrā’êl yiś·rā·’êl yiśrā’êl YisraEl
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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