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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #05467 - סְדֹם
Sodom = “burning”
1) a Canaanite city, usually paired with Gomorrah, located in the area of the Dead Sea and the Jordan river; both cities destroyed by God in judgment
סְדֹם Gr. Σόδομα, Sodom (“burning,” “conflagration,” as being built on a bituminous soil, and being perhaps on this account liable to frequent fires; comp. that part of Phrygia which was called κατακεκαυμένη, [This insinuation about the frequency of fires may be an attempt to account for the destruction by natural causes; no one who believes in the word of God can do this;]) pr.n. of a city in the valley of Siddim, which was destroyed, together with three others, in the time of Abraham, and submerged in the Dead Sea, Genesis 10:19, 13:10 18:20 Isaiah 1:9. Vines of Sodom (which appear to have been degenerate; compare as to the apples of Sodom, Jos. Bell. Jud. IV. 8, § 4), Deuteronomy 32:32, furnish an image of a degenerate condition; compare the opp. Jerem. 2:21 judges of Sodom mean unjust judges of corrupt morals, Isaiah 1:10.
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