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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1753 - ἐνέργεια

Word Origin
from (1756)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. working, efficiency
    1. in the NT used only of superhuman power, whether of God or of the Devil
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (8) NAS (7) HCS (8)
Ephesians 3
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
2 Thessalonians 2
Ephesians 3
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
2 Thessalonians 2
Ephesians 3
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
2 Thessalonians 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐνέργ-εια, ἡ,


1. activity, operation, opp. ἕξις (disposition), Arist. EN 1098b33, al.; ζῴου Plb. 1.4.7; ἡ χαρὰ καὶ ἡ εὐφροσύνη κατὰ κίνησιν ἐνεργείᾳ βλέπονται Epicur. Fr. 2; opp. ἀογία, Hierocl. in CA 19p.461M.: pl., παντοδαπαὶ ἐ. Polystr. p.30 W.; ἐ. καὶ σπουδή PTeb. 616 (ii A.D.); physiological function, Gal. 6.21; performance, τῶν καθηκόντων Ph. 1.91; activity, of drugs, Gal. 6.467; force, of an engine, D.S. 20.95 (but, mechanism, 'action', Hero Aut. 1.7). workmanship, Aristeas 59.

2. esp. of divine or supernatural action, Ephesians 1:19, al., Aristeas 266; ἐ. θεοῦ Διὸς Βαιτοκαίκης OGI 262.4 (Syria, iii A.D.); magical operation, ἱερὰ ἐ. PMag.Par. 1.159.

3. pl., ἐνέργειαι cosmic forces, Herm. ap. Stob. 1.41.6.

4. Gramm., active force, opp. πάθος, D.T. 637.29, A.D. Synt. 9.9 (pl.), al.; ἐνέργειαι καὶ πάθη active and passive forms, Alex. Fig. 2.14.

5. Rhet., vigour of style, Arist. Rh. 1411b28.

II in the philos. of Arist., opp. δύναμις, actuality, Metaph. 1048a26, al.; opp. ὕλη, ib.1043a20; ἡ ὡς ἐ. οὐσία, substance in the sense of actuality, ib.1042b10; opp. ἐντελέχεια, as actuality to full reality, ib.1050a22, 1047a30; ἐνεργείᾳ actually, opp. δυνάμει, ib.1045b19, al., etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐνέργεια, ἐνεργείας, (ἐνεργής, which see), working, efficiency; in the N. T. used only of superhuman power, whether of God or of the devil; of God: Ephesians 3:7; Colossians 2:12; ἐνέργεια ἐνεργουμένη, Colossians 1:29; with a relative intervening, ἐνεργεῖν ἐνέργειαν, Ephesians 1:19f; κατ' ἐνέργειαν ἐν μέτρῳ ἑνός ἑκάστου μέρους, according to the working which agrees with the measure of (is commensurate with) every single part, Ephesians 4:16; κατά τήν ἐνέργειαν τοῦ δύνασθαι αὐτόν κτλ. according to the efficiency by which he is able to subject all things to himself, Philippians 3:21. ἐνέργεια τοῦ Σατανᾶ, 2 Thessalonians 2:9; πλάνης, the power with which error works, 2 Thessalonians 2:11. (Wis. 7:17, etc.; 2 Macc. 3:29; τῆς προνοίας, 3Macc. 4:21; not found in the Sept.; in the classics first in Aristotle; (on ἐνέργεια, ἐνεργεῖν, of diabolic influences, cf. Müller on the Epistle of Barnabas 19, 6 [ET]).) (Synonym: see δύναμις, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἐνέργεια , -ας ,

(< ἐνεργής ),

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 7:17; Wisdom of Solomon 7:26; Wisdom of Solomon 13:4; Wisdom of Solomon 18:22, 2 Maccabees 3:29, 3 Maccabees 4:21; 3 Maccabees 5:12; 3 Maccabees 5:28 *;]

operative power (as distinct from δύναμις , potential power), working: of God, Ephesians 1:19; Ephesians 3:7; Ephesians 4:16, Philippians 3:21, Colossians 1:29; Colossians 2:12; of Satan, 2 Thessalonians 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 2:11 (cf. M, Th., l.c.; AR, Eph., 241 ff.; Cremer, 261).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

With the limitation of this word in the NT to superhuman activity (see Milligan Thess. p. 104), cf. OGIS 262.4 (iii/A.D.) προσενεχθέντος μοι περὶ τῆς ἐνεργείας θεοῦ Διὸς Βαιτοκαίκης : also Aristeas 266 θεοῦ δὲ ἐνεργείᾳ κατευθύνεται πειθώ, and for demonic influence (as in 2 Thessalonians 2:9) Reitzenstein Poimandres, P. 352.23 δαίμονος γὰρ οὐσία ἐνέργεια. The generally strong sense of the word comes out in a fragmentary letter from Cronion, a προφήτης, P Tebt II. 616 (ii/A.D.) ἐκ ̣ π ̣[άσης ?] ἐνεργίας καὶ σπονδῆς καὶ φιλείας.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ενεργειαν ενέργειαν ἐνέργειαν ενεργειας ενεργείας ἐνεργείας energeian enérgeian energeias energeías
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