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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5171 - τρυφάω

Word Origin
from (5172)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to live delicately, live luxuriously, be given to soft and luxurious life
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5727 ‑ עָדַן (aw‑dan');  6026 ‑ עָנַג (aw‑nag');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
James 1
James 1
James 1
V-AAI-2P 1
V-AAI-2P 1
V-AAI-2P 1
V-AAI-2P 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



live softly, luxuriously, fare sumptuously,, ἐν ἀγκάλαις μητρὸς τρυφῆσαι, of a child, E. Ion 1376, cf. Ba. 969; τ. ἐν ταῖς ἐσθῆσι Isoc. 2.32; τ. καὶ μεγαλοπρεπῶς διαιτᾶσθαι X. Ath. 1.11; λευκὸς ἄνθρωπος, παχύς, ἀργός.., εἰωθὼς τρυφᾶν Sosicr. 1, cf. Ephesians 5:5, Gal. 6.416, etc.; παῖσον, τρύφησον, ζῆσον· ἀποθανεῖν σε δεῖ Epigr.Gr. 362.5 (Cotiaeum, ii/iii A. D.).

2. part. τρυφῶν as Adj., effeminate, luxurious, Ar. Nu. 48, etc.; τ. καὶ ἀμελής Pl. Lg. 901a; τὸ τρυφῶν effeminacy, Ar. V. 1455 (lyr.); also of things, dainty, delicate, βασιλικὴ καὶ τρυφῶσα παιδεία Pl. Lg. 695d; ἀσπίδα.. τρυφῶσαν Aristopho 14, cf. Antiph. 52.10 (troch.); ἄρτοι τ. Alc.Com. 5.

II to be licentious, run riot, wax wanton, Ar. Lys. 405, etc.; to be extravagant, opp. γλίσχρως ζῆν, Arist. Pol. 1266b26.

2. revel in, ἐν τοῖς ἀγαθοῖς τινος LXX Si. 14.4; delight in, ἐν ἀγαθωσύνῃ σου ib. Nehemiah 9:25.

III give oneself airs, be dainty, fastidious, ἆρ' οὐ τρυφῶμεν..., οἷσιν οὐκ ἀρκεῖ τάδε; E. Supp. 214; τ. δ' ὁ δαίμων is fickle, ib. 552; ἐπειδή μοι δοκεῖς σὺ τρυφᾶν to hang back, Pl. Euthphr. 11e, cf. La. 179d, Alc. 1.114a; οἱ τρυφῶντες spoiled pets, Id. Men. 76b; ἐν ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις τ. καὶ κολακεύεσθαι, of the people, D. 8.34; οὐκ ἀνεκτὸν εἶναι.. αἰχμάλωτον οὖσαν τρυφᾶν Id. 19.197; τρυφῶσιν ἕτεροι πρὸς ἑτέρους, of philosophers, Alex. 221.14; followed by a modifying clause, νῦν δὲ τρυφᾷς διότι.. Pl. Prt. 327e; ἐν ταῖς.. ἑτέρων.. ἀτυχίαις τ. Euphro 12; later, τ. κατά τινος make sport of.., Him. Ecclesiastes 12:2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

τρυφάω, τρύφω: 1 aorist ἐτρύφησα; (τρυφή, which see); to live delicately, live luxuriously, be given to a soft and luxurious life: James 5:5. (Nehemiah 9:25; Isaiah 66:11; Isocrates, Euripides, Xenophon, Plato, and following) (Compare: ἐντρυφάω. Synonym: cf. Trench, § liv.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τρυφάω , -

(< τρυφή ),

[in LXX: Nehemiah 9:25 (H5727 hithp.), Isaiah 66:11 (H6026 hithp.), Sirach 14:4 *;]

to live daintily, luxuriously, to fare sumptuously: James 5:5 (cf. ἐν -τρυφάω ).†

SYN.: σπαταλάω G4684 (q.v.), στρηνιάω G4764.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

With this verb = ";feign,"; ";pretend,"; in Luke 20:20, cf. Pss. Sol. 4:22 ἐκκόψειαν κόρακες ὀφθαλμοὺς ἀνθρώπων ὑποκρινομένων, ";let ravens peck out the eyes of the men that work hypocrisy"; (Ryle and James).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ετρύφησαν ετρυφησατε ετρυφήσατε ἐτρυφήσατε τρυφερά τρυφερός τρυφερότητα τρυφήσητε etruphesate etruphēsate etryphesate etryphēsate etryphḗsate
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 21st, 2020
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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