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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #998 - βοηθός

Transliteration
boēthós
Phonetics
bo-ay-thos'  
Word Origin
from (995) and theo (to run)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
1:628,108
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a helper
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 247 ‑ אָזַר (aw‑zar');  3467 ‑ יָשַׁע (yaw‑shah');  4268 ‑ מַחֲסֶה (makh‑as‑eh', makh‑seh');  4869 ‑ מִשְׂגָּב (mis‑gawb');  5643 ‑ סִתְרָה (say'‑ther, sith‑raw');  5797 ‑ עוֹז (oze, oze);  6697 ‑ צֻר (tsoor, tsoor);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Hebrews 1
Hebrews 1
Hebrews 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-NSM 1
N-NSM 1
N-NSM 1
NA WH
A-NSM 1
N-NSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βοηθοìς

From G995 and θεìω theō (to run)

θέω

(A), also θείω, Il. 6.507, 10.437 (in Att. the syllables εο, εου, εω are not contr.); subj. θέῃσι 22.23; 3 sg. impf. ἔθει Od. 12.407 and later, ἔθεε Il. 1.483, Hdt. 1.43 (and in later Prose, D.S. 16.94); θέε Il. 20.275, Hes. Sc. 224; Ion. impf. θέεσκον Il. 20.229: fut. θεύσομαι 23.623, Ar. Eq. 485, Av. 205, (ὑπο-) Pi. P. 2.84, (ἀντι-) Hdt. 5.22, (μετα-) X. Cyn. 6.22; θεύσω Lyc. 1119: aor. 1 ἔθευσα (δι-) Vett.Val. 345.35, part. θεύσας IGRom. 4.1740 (Cyme):

I

1.the other tenses are supplied by τρέχω and Δρέμω: (θεϝ-, Skt. dhávate): run, ποσί, πόδεσσι, Od. 8.247, Il. 23.623; βῆ δὲ θέειν 17.698; θέῃσι τιταινόμενος πεδίοιο 22.23; ποῖθεῖς; Ar. V. 854; θᾶττον θανάτου θεῖ [ἡ πονηρία ] Pl. Ap. 39b; ὁ βραδέως θέων Id. Hp.Mi. 373d; of horses, Id. Cra. 423a; ἐν Ὀλυμπίᾳ θεόντων ἵππων Id. Lg. 822b: in part. with another Verb, ἦλθε θέων, ἦλθε θέουσα, came running, Il. 6.54, 394, etc.; ἷξε θέων, of a person on ship-board, Od. 3.288; θέων Αἴαντα κάλεσσον run and call him, Il. 12.343, etc.

2. περὶ τρίποδος γὰρ ἔμελλον θεύσεσθαι to run for a tripod, 11.701: metaph. (cf. τρέχω 11.2), περὶ ψυχῆς θέον Ἕκτορος they were running for Hector's life, 22.161; θ. περὶ ὑμέων αὐτῶν Hdt. 8.140. ά; θ. [τον] περὶ τοῦ παντὸς δρόμον ib. 74; περὶ γυναικῶν καὶ παίδων Paus. 6.18.3.

3. metaph., θ. ἐς νόσους Pl. Lg. 691c; θ. ἐγγύτατα ὀλέθρου Id. R. 417b; θεῖν παρὰ τὸν ἔσχατον κίνδυνον Plu. Fab. 26.

II of other kinds of motion, as,

1 of birds, θεύσονται δρόμῳ Ar. Av. 205.

2. of things, run; of ships, ἡ δ' ἔθεεν κατὰ κῦμα Il. 1.483, cf. X. HG 6.2.29; of a potter's wheel, Il. 18.601; of a rolling stone, 13.141; of a quoit, ῥίμφα θέων ἀπὸ χειρός flying lightly.., Od. 8.193.

3. metaph., δύναμις θαυμαστὴ ἐκεῖ θεῖ Plot. 2.9.8, cf. 6.5.11.

III of things not actually in motion, [ φλὲψ] ἀνὰ νῶτα θέουσα διαμπερές Il. 13.547; ἄντυξ ἣ πυμάτη θέεν ἀσπίδος 6.118; ἀμφὶ δέ μιν κίβισις θέε Hes. Sc. 224; γραμμῆς περὶ [σημεῖον] θεούσης Plot. 6.5.11. c. acc. loci, run over, τὰ ὄρη X. Cyn. 4.6, cf. 5.17; μέσσα θέων πελάγευς AP 7.273 (Leon.), cf. 10.23 (Autom.); πλωτῶν γένος ὑγρὰ θεόντων Opp. H. 3.183. The simple Verb is used in Trag. only by E. Ion 1217.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βοηθός, βοηθόν, helping (νεης, Herodotus 5, 97; στήριγμα, Tobit 8:6); mostly as a substantive (so from Herodotus down) a helper: Hebrews 13:6 (of God, from Psalm 117:7 (), as often in the Sept.).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βοηθός , -όν

(see βοηθέω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H5826;]

1. (poët. -όος ), hasting to the war-cry (Hom.).

2. helping, auxiliary; as subst. (Hdt.), a helper: Hebrews 13:6 (LXX).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The word is very frequent in the ostraca for the ";assistants"; of the πράκτορες or ";tax-gatherers,"; see Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 618, and for a similar use in the papyri the editors’ note to P Fay 34.3 (A.D. 161) βοηθοῖς γεωργῶν κώμης Πολυδευκείας , where they translate ";assistants in connexion with taxes upon cultivators at the village of Polydeucia."; For a description of the Praefect as ὁ τοῦ νομοῦ βοηθός , ";helper of the district,"; see P Giss I. 46.11 (time of Hadrian) ἀξιοῦμέν σε τὸν τοῦ νομοῦ βοηθὸν διακοῦσαι ἡμῶν , and cf. P Oxy III. 488.23 (ii/iii A.D.) προσφεύγω σοι τῶι κυρίῳ καὶ πάντων βοηθῷ . For the word in its widest connotation it is sufficient to cite P Oxy IV. 743.20 (B.C. 2) εἰ καὶ π [ρ ]ὸς ἄλλους εἶχον πρᾶγμα , βοηθὸν αὐτοῦ γ [ε ]νέσθαι διὰ ἣν ἔχομ ̣ε ̣(ν ) πρὸς ἑατοὺς φιλίαν , ";for although I (?) have had trouble with others you must assist him for the sake of our friendship"; (Edd.), and P Lond 410.8 (c. A.D. 346) (= II. p. 298) μετὰ τὸν θεὸν οὐδίναν (l. οὐδένα ) ἔχομεν ἡμῆς βοηθόν , ";after (i.e. except) God, we have none to help us"; (Ed.); also from ii/B.C., P Leid E.26 δεόμεθά σου μεθ᾽ ἱκετείας , καθότι οὐ διαλείπις ἡμῶν ἀντιλαμβανόμενος , καὶ ἐν τούτοις βοιηθὸν γενόμενον προσκαλέσασθαι κτλ . (For the spelling see on βοηθέω ad fin.)

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βοηθέ βοηθοί βοηθοίς βοηθόν βοηθος βοηθός βοηθού βοηθούς βοηθώ βόθροις βόθρον βόθρος βόθρου boethos boethós boēthos boēthós
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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