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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #8231 - שָׁפַר

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be pleasing, be beautiful, be fair, be comely, be bright, glisten

1a) (Qal) to be beautiful

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2909 ‑ κρείττων (krite'‑tohn);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (2) HCS (1)
Psalms 1
Job 1
Psalms 1
Psalms 1
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3fs 1
v-qp3fs 1

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2869) rps (סהפר ShPR) AC: Bright CO: ? AB: ?: A bright or beautiful sight or sound. (eng: spiral - the shape of the rams horn; spring)

V) rps (סהפר ShPR) - Bright: To be cheerful. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (4): (vf: Paal) goodly, good, please, acceptable - Strongs: H8231 (שָׁפַר), H8232 (שְׁפַר)

Nm) rps (סהפר ShPR) - Bright: As cheerful. KJV (1): goodly - Strongs: H8233 (שֶׁפֶר)

bm) rips (סהפיר ShPYR) - Bright: In the sense of being cheerful or beautiful. [Aramaic only] KJV (2): fair - Strongs: H8209 (שַׁפִּיר)

ef1) erpis (סהיפרה ShYPRH) - Bright: As cheerful. KJV (1): garnished - Strongs: H8235 (שִׁפְרָה)

gm) rpfs (סהופר ShWPR) - Horn: The horn of ram made into a trumpet that emits a bright and beautiful ound. KJV (72): trumpet, cornet - Strongs: H7782 (שֹׁפָר)

lm) rprps (סהפרפר ShPRPR) - Dawn: As the beginning of brightness. [Aramaic only] KJV (1): early - Strongs: H8238 (שְׁפַרְפָּר)

ldm) rfrps (סהפרור ShPRWR) - Tapestry: As brightly colored. KJV (1): pavilion - Strongs: H8237 (שַׁפְרִיר)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [שָׁפַר] verb be beautiful, fair, comely (Arabic remove veil (of women), shine; Aramaic שְׁפַר be pleasing (see Daniel 6:2), be beautiful, bright, pleasing, beautiful); —

Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular שָֽׁפְרָה עָלָ֑י (Aramaic) Psalm 16:6 (the) heritage is beautiful for (pleasing to) me (see עַל II:8).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1) i.q. شفر to scratch, to scrape (cognate to צָפַר, סָפַר); hence to polish.

(2) to be bright, prop. to be polished (compare Arab. سفر I. IV., to shine forth as the dawn, and שְׁפַרְפָּרָא), to be beautiful, i.q. Ch. and Syr. Followed by עַל to please any one, Psalms 16:6, compare Daniel 4:24. The notion of being bright is also applied to brilliancy of sound (compare, on the other hand, הָלַל); whence שׁוֹפָר trumpet.

(3) i.q. Ethiop. safara, to measure; whence אֶשְׁפָּר a measure; which see. (Cogn. is סָפַר No. 3, to number.) As to the passage, Job 26:13, see שִׁפְרָה.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available
List of Word Forms
שָֽׁפְרָ֥ה שפרה šā·p̄ə·rāh šāp̄ərāh shafeRah
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, July 5th, 2020
the Week of Proper 9 / Ordinary 14
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