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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2207 - ζηλωτής

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2206)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. one burning with zeal, a zealot
  2. used of God as jealous of any rival and sternly vindicating his control
  3. most eagerly desirous of, zealous for, a thing
    1. to acquire a thing, (zealous of)
    2. to defend and uphold a thing, vehemently contending for a thing
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7067 ‑ קַנָּא (kan‑naw');  7072 ‑ קַנּוֹא (kan‑no');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Titus 1
NAS (6)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 1
HCS (6)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 1
BSB (8)
Luke 1
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 1
ESV (5)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Titus 1
WEB (7)
Luke 1
Acts 3
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Titus 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ζηλ-ωτής, οῦ, ὁ,


1. emulator, zealous admirer or follower, μιμητὴς καὶ ζ. τῆς πατ ρῴας ἀρετῆς Isoc. 1.11; ζ. καὶ ἐρασταὶ τῆς Λακεδαιμονίων παιδείας Pl. Prt. 343a; τῆς ἡλικίας τοῦ μειρακίου Aeschin. 2.166; τῶν καλῶν βουλευμάτων ib.171; τῆς αὐτῆς αἱρέσεως SIG 675.27 (Oropus, ii B.C.); μαθήσεως Phld. Rh. 2.262S.; πνευμάτων 1 Corinthians 14:12; τῶν ἀγαθῶν τῶν εἰς τὴν πόλιν μαρτυρουμένων IG 7.2712.99 (Acraephiae): c. gen. pers., τοῦ Διός Muson. Fr. 8p.37H.; τῶ πράτω θεῶ Sthenid. ap. Stob. 4.7.63 (nom.sg. ζηλωτάς codd.); Θουκυδίδου, Ἀντισθένους, Luc. Hist.Conscr. 15, Herm. 14; perh. champion, Epicur. Nat. 70G.

2. jealous, θεὸς ζ. LXX Exodus 20:5.

II zealot, used to translate Κανανίτης or Καναναῖος, Luke 6:15, Acts 1:13, J. BJ 4.3.9; τῶν πατρίων ἐθῶν Id. AJ 12.6.2; τῶν νόμων LXX 2 Maccabees 4:2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ζηλωτής, ζηλωτου, (ζηλόω), one burning with zeal; a zealot;

1. absolutely, for the Hebrew קַנָּא, used of God as jealous of any rival and sternly vindicating his control: Exodus 20:5; Deuteronomy 4:24, etc. From the time of the Maccabees () there existed among the Jews a class of men, called Zealots, who rigorously adhered to the Mosaic law and endeavored even by a resort to violence, after the example of Phinehas (Numbers 25:11, ζηλωτής Φινης 4 Macc. 18:12), to prevent religion from being violated by others; but in the latter days of the Jewish commonwealth they used their holy zeal as a pretext for the basest crimes, Josephus, b. j. 4, 3, 9; 4, 5, 1; 4, 6, 3; 7, 8, 1. To this class perhaps Simon the apostle had belonged, and hence, got the surname ζηλωτής: Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13; (cf. Schürer, Neutest. Zeitgesch., Index under the word Zeloten; Edersheim, Jesus the Messiah, i. 237ff).

2. with the genitive of the object: with the genitive of the thing, most eagerly desirous of, zealous for, a thing;

a. to acquire a thing (zealous of) (see ζηλόω, 2): 1 Corinthians 14:12; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 3:13 L T Tr WH (ἀρετῆς, Philo, praem. et poen. § 2; τῆς εὐσεβείας, de monarch. 50:1, § 3; εὐσεβείας καί δικαιοσύνης, de poenit. § 1; τῶν πολεμικων ἔργων, Diodorus 1, 73; περί τῶν ἀνηκόντων εἰς σωτηρίαν, Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 45, 1 [ET]).

b. to defend and uphold a thing, vehemently contending for a thing (zealous for): νόμου, Acts 21:20 (2 Macc. 4:2); τῶν πατρικῶν παραδόσεων, Galatians 1:14 (τῶν αἰγυπτιακων πλασματων, Philo, vit. Moys. iii. § 19; τῆς ἀρχαίας καί σώφρονος ἀγωγης, Diodorus excerpt., p. 611 (from 50:37, vol. 2:564 Didot)); with the genitive of person: Θεοῦ, intent on protecting the majesty and authority of God by contending for the Mosaic law, Acts 22:3. (In secular authors also an emulator, admirer, imitator, follower of anyone.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ζηλωτής , -οῦ ,

(<ζηλόω ),

[in LXX for H7067 (θεὸς ζ .), Exodus 20:5; Exodus 34:14, Deuteronomy 4:24; Deuteronomy 5:9; Deuteronomy 6:15; H7072, Nahum 1:2 (θεός ); pl., 1 Esdras 8:72; ζ . τῶν νόμων , 2 Maccabees 4:2;τὸν ζ . Φινεές , 4 Maccabees 18:12 (cf. Numbers 25:11)*;]

1. in cl. an emulator, zealous admirer (Plat., al.).

2. eagerly desirous, zealous;

(a) absol., as in OT, ll. c.;

(b) c. gen. obj.: (zealous to acquire or to defend), 1 Corinthians 14:12, Titus 2:14, 1 Peter 3:13; τ . νόμου (2Mac, l.c.), Acts 21:20; παραδόσεων , Galatians 1:14; c. gen. pers., θεοῦ , Acts 22:3.

3. In FlJ, NT, a Zealot, member of the Jewish party so called: as surname of the Apostle Simon, Luke 6:15, Acts 1:13.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

With the use of ζηλωτής in such passages as 1 Corinthians 14:12, cf. from the inscrr. Syll 308.28 (ii/B.C.) γίνωνται δὲ καὶ ἄλλοι ζ [ηλ ]ωταὶ τῆς αὐτῆς αἱρέσεως, ib. 521.33 (B.C. 100) γινόμενοι δὲ καὶ ζηλωταὶ τῶν καλλίστων ἐκ τῆς πρώτης ἡλικίας, and OGIS 339.90 (c. B.C. 120) ζηλωταὶ μὲν τῶν καλλίστων γίνωνται. A close parallel to Acts 22:3 may be found in Musonius p. 37.3, where the ideal king is styled ζηλωτὴς. . τοῦ Διός : cf. Sthenidas of Locris (Stob. Flor. ii. p. 265.11) ἀντίμιμος καὶ ζαλωτὰς τῶ πράτω θεῶ.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ζηλωται ζηλωταί ζηλωταὶ Ζηλωτην ζηλωτήν Ζηλωτὴν ζηλωτης ζηλωτής ζηλωτὴς ζηλωτόν ζηλωτός zelotai zelotaí zelotaì zēlōtai zēlōtaí zēlōtaì Zeloten Zelotḕn Zēlōtēn Zēlōtḕn zelotes zelotḕs zēlōtēs zēlōtḕs
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