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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2247 - ἧλος

of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. a nail
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4212 ‑ מְזַמֶּרֶת (mez‑am‑mer‑aw');  4548 ‑ מַשְׂמְרָה (mas‑mare' mis‑mare' mas (mis) ‑mer‑aw');  4548 ‑ מַשְׂמְרָה (mas‑mare' mis‑mare' mas (mis) ‑mer‑aw');  7850 ‑ שֹׁטֵט (sho‑tate');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. ἇλος, IG 4.1484.62(Epid.), SIG 245i69 (Delph., iv B.C.), Pi. (v. infr.), Aeol. (?) ϝάλλοι (pl.) written γάλλοι, Hsch.: ὁ: —


1. nail-head, stud, as an ornament, σκῆπτρον χρυσείοις ἥλοισι πεπαρμένον Il. 1.246, cf. 11.633; ἐν δέ οἱ [τῷ ξίφει] ἧλοι χρύσειοι πάμφαινον ib. 29, cf. Ath. 11.488b, c: hence, of the stars, Placit. 2.14.3.

2. after Hom., nail, Pi. P. 4.71: ἧλοι σιδηροῖ καὶ ξύλινοι X. Cyn. 9.12, etc.; of shoenails, Thphr. Char. 4.13: prov., ἥλῳ ἐκκρούειν τὸν ἧλον Luc. Laps. 7; ἥλῳ ὁ ἧλος (sc. ἐκκρούεται) Arist. Pol. 1314a5, etc.

3. = Lat. acutus (= spur), Gloss.

II wart, callus, Thphr. Ign. 37, Nic. Th. 272; ἧλοι καὶ τύλοι Dsc. 1.104, cf. Ascl ap. Gal. 13.647; also on plants, esp. the olive, Thphr. HP 4.14.3.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἧλος, ἠλου, , a nail: John 20:25. ((From Homer on.)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἧλος , -ου , ,

[in LXX: Isaiah 41:7 H4548 etc.;]

a nail: John 20:25.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Lond 1177.231 (accounts—A.D. 113) (= III. p. 187) τι [μ ]ῆς ἥλων καὶ ἄλλων, P Strass I. 32.4 (A.D. 261) ἔπεμψα δὲ καὶ ἥλους τέσσαρας εἰς τὴν τούτου πῆξιν, P Oxy IX. 1220.16 (iii/A.D.) πέμψις μοι τοὺς ἐκχυσιαίους ἥλους καὶ γλυοῦ (l. γλοιοῦ) κεράμιον, ";you will send me the nails for emptying (?) and a jar of gum"; (Ed.), and the citation from Archiv v. p. 179 s.v. δαπανάω sub fine. The mention of the nails in the hands of the crucified Lord, as in John 20:25, is found in Ev. Petr. 6 καὶ τότε ἀπέσπασαν τοὺς ἥλους ἀπὸ τῶν χειρῶν τοῦ κυρίου.

For a subst. ἡλοκόπος = ";nail-smith"; cf. BGU IV. 1028.19 (ii/A.D.) τοῖς σὺν αὐτῷ ἡλοκόπ (οις), and for the corresponding adj. ib. 1124.11 (B.C. 18) τὴν ἡλοκοπικὴν τέχνην.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ήλοι ήλοις ήλους ηλων ήλων ἥλων elon ēlōn helon hēlōn hḗlon hḗlōn
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