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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #02782 - חָרַץ

Transliteration
chârats
Phonetics
khw-rats'
Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
752
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חֶרְפָּה
 
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חֲרַץ
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. to cut, sharpen, decide, decree, determine, maim, move, be decisive, be mutilated
    1. 1a)(Qal)
      1. to cut, mutilate
      2. to sharpen
      3. to decide
    2. (Niphal) to be decisive

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2597 ‑ καταβαίνω (kat‑ab‑ah'ee‑no);  4932 ‑ συντέμνω (soon‑tem'‑no);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (12)
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Joshua 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
Daniel 3
NAS (12)
Leviticus 1
Joshua 1
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
Daniel 3
CSB (12)
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Joshua 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
Daniel 3
BSB (12)
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Joshua 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
Daniel 3
ESV (11)
Leviticus 1
Joshua 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
Daniel 3
WEB (13)
Exodus 1
Leviticus 2
Joshua 1
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
Job 1
Isaiah 3
Daniel 3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2209) yrh (ההרתס HhRTs) AC: Sharp CO: Hoe AB: ?: A sharp cutting instrument. [from: lh- piercing]

V) yrh (ההרתס HhRTs) - Decide: To make a decision in the sense of dividing between two choices. KJV (12): (vf: Paal, Niphal) determine, move, decide, bestir, main, decree - Strongs: H2782 (חָרַץ)

bm) yirh (ההריתס HhRYTs) - I. Hoe:A sharp instrument for digging. II. Sharp:sharp taste. KJV (3): harrow - Strongs: H2757 (חָרִץ)

dm) yfrh (ההרותס HhRWTs) - I. Shard:Sharp pieces of potsherds or iron as used on threshing boards to break open grain. II. Diligent:As sharp in action. III. Gold: KJV (18): gold, diligent, decision, threshing, sharp, wall - Strongs: H2742 (חָרֻץ)

mm) nyrh (ההרתסנ HhRTsN) - Seed: The seed of a grape as sharp. KJV (1): kernel - Strongs: H2785 (חַרְצָנ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. חָרַץ verb cut, sharpen, decide (Late Hebrew id., cut in, decide, Aramaic in derivatives; Assyrian —arâƒu, dig, decide, —ariƒu, trench, Zehnpf BAS i. 502; Phoenician חרץ decision, Hoffm AGG xxxvi, May 1889,11) —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳ח Joshua 10:21; חָרָ֑צְתָּ 1 Kings 20:40; Imperfect יֶחֱרַץֿ Exodus 11:7; 2 masculine singular תֶּחֱרָ֑ץ 2 Samuel 5:24; Passive participle חָרוּץ Isaiah 10:22; Leviticus 22:22; plural חֲרוּצִים Job 14:5 (see also חָרוּץ below); —

1 cut, mutilate Leviticus 22:22 (עַוֶּרֶת אוֺ שָׁבוּראוֺחָֿרוּץ אוֺ יַבֶּלֶת).

2 sharpen, figurative the tongue, כֶּֿלֶב לְשֹׁנוֺ לְ׳לֹא יֶח Exodus 11:7 (J), i.e. utter no sound against Israel, Joshua 10:21.

3 decide 1 Kings 20:40 (absolute); so participle pass חרוצים ימיו Job 14:5 his days are determined, fixed ("" מִסְמַּר חדשׁיו), Isaiah 10:22 ׳כִּלָּיוֺן ח; act with decision 2 Samuel 5:24.

Niph`al Participle נֶחֱרָצָה Isaiah 10:23 3t.; נֶחֱרֶצֶת Daniel 9:26 (both these forms infinitive construct according to Ba NB 90); decisive ׳כָּלָה וְנֶח Isaiah 10:23; Isaiah 28:22; Daniel 9:27 a consumption and strict decision (i.e. that which is strictly determined), נֶעֱשָׂ֑תָה׳כי נ Daniel 11:36; שֹׁמֵמוֺת׳נח Daniel 9:26 strict determining of desolation.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָרַץ fut. יֶחֱרַץ

(1) properly to cut, to out into; kindred to חָרַשׁ, חָרַת. (LXX. sometimes render it συντέμνειν, Proverbs 21:5; Isaiah 10:23, 28:22.) Hence חָרִיץ a slice. Specially

(a) to cut skin deep, to wound slightly. (Arabic حرص to cut the skin, حَارِصَةُ to wound skin deep, حَرِصَةُ such a wound on the head.) Part. חָרוּץ somewhat wounded, Levit. 22:22.

(b) to dig, see חָרוּץ No. 1.

(2) to sharpen, to bring to a point (comp. Arab. خَرِيصُ the point of a spear. Schult. on Proverbs 21:5). Only occurring in the proverbial expression, Exodus 11:7, לְכֹל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא יֶחֱרַץ כֶּלֶב לְשֹׁנוֹ “against all the children of Israel not even a dog shall sharpen his tongue,” i.e. no one shall oppose or provoke them however slightly. Vulg. non mutiet canis, Joshua 10:21 compare Jdt_11:13 (19 ). Hence חָרוּץ No. 2.

(3) This word is also figuratively used to decide, to determine. 1 Kings 20:40, “this is thy sentence, אַתָּה חָרַצְתָּ thou thyself has decided it.” Job 14:5, אִם חֲרוּצִים יָמָיו “seeing that his days are determined.” Isaiah 10:22, כִּלָּיוֹן חָרוּץ “destruction is decreed.” Compare Niphal, and חָרוּץ No. 3.

(4) from the idea of sharpening; to be sharp, as applied to taste, to be sour, whence חַרְצַנִּים sour grapes [or grape stones]; and also

(5) to be eager, i.e. strenuous, active, diligent (Germ. fich’s fauer werden laffen). Hence adj. חָרוּץ eager, which see; and once as a verb. 2 Samuel 5:24, אָז־תֶּחֱרַץ “then be thou diligent,” on the alert; i.e. hasten. (Arab. حَرَصَ to long for earnestly; to be impelled by eagerness and desire. VIII. to desire, to long for, to be earnest about, حِْرصُ desire, pursuit.)

Niphal, part. נֶחֱרָצָה construed נֶחֱרֶצֶת something determined, decreed, especially in the phrase כָּלָה וְנֶחֱרָצָה “destruction, and that which is decreed;” ἓν διὰ δυοῖν, for the destruction decreed (by God). Isaiah 10:23, 28:22 Daniel 9:27, 11:36.- Daniel 9:26, נֶחֱרֶצֶת שׁוֹמֵמוֹת [“a decree of desolations,” i.e.] “the desolations decreed.”

Derivative nouns חֶרוּץ I. and II., חָרִיץ, חַרְצַנִּים.


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List of Word Forms
וְנֶ֣חֱרָצָ֔ה וְנֶחֱרָצָ֑ה וְנֶחֱרָצָ֜ה ונחרצה חֲרוּצִ֨ים ׀ חָר֖וּץ חָר֣וּץ חָרַ֞ץ חָרָֽצְתָּ׃ חרוץ חרוצים חרץ חרצת׃ יֶֽחֱרַץ־ יחרץ־ נֶחֱרֶ֖צֶת נֶחֱרָצָ֖ה נחרצה נחרצת תֶּחֱרָ֑ץ תחרץ chaRatz chaRatzeta chaRutz charuTzim ḥā·rā·ṣə·tā ḥā·raṣ ḥă·rū·ṣîm ḥā·rūṣ ḥāraṣ ḥārāṣətā ḥārūṣ ḥărūṣîm ne·ḥĕ·rā·ṣāh ne·ḥĕ·re·ṣeṯ necheraTzah necheRetzet neḥĕrāṣāh neḥĕreṣeṯ te·ḥĕ·rāṣ techeRatz teḥĕrāṣ venecheraTzah wə·ne·ḥĕ·rā·ṣāh wəneḥĕrāṣāh ye·ḥĕ·raṣ- yecheratz yeḥĕraṣ-
 
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