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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #0408 - אַל

Transliteration
'al
Phonetics
al
Origin
a negative particle [akin to (H3808)]
Parts of Speech
N/A
TWOT
90
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) not, no, nor, neither, nothing (as wish or preference)

1a) do not, let not (with a verb)

1b) let there not be (with a verb understood)

1c) not, no (with substantive)

1d) nothing (as substantive)

Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (12)
Genesis
2
Exodus
1
Joshua
1
Judges
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Kings
1
Job
1
Psalms
2
Proverbs
1
Daniel
1
NAS (99)
Genesis
4
Exodus
6
Leviticus
1
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
4
Judges
5
Ruth
1
1 Samuel
4
2 Samuel
5
1 Kings
3
2 Kings
7
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
2
Ezra
1
Job
6
Psalms
10
Proverbs
11
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
8
Jeremiah
7
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
5
Hosea
1
Malachi
1
HCS (671)
Genesis
37
Exodus
20
Leviticus
10
Numbers
14
Deuteronomy
16
Joshua
16
Judges
14
Ruth
8
1 Samuel
25
2 Samuel
22
1 Kings
12
2 Kings
23
1 Chronicles
4
2 Chronicles
17
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
7
Esther
3
Job
22
Psalms
108
Proverbs
84
Ecclesiastes
21
Song of Solomon
2
Isaiah
42
Jeremiah
85
Lamentations
5
Ezekiel
9
Daniel
3
Hosea
6
Joel
4
Amos
2
Obadiah
8
Jonah
4
Micah
6
Zephaniah
2
Haggai
1
Zechariah
7
Malachi
1
BSB (734)
Genesis
47
Exodus
20
Leviticus
11
Numbers
14
Deuteronomy
21
Joshua
20
Judges
16
Ruth
8
1 Samuel
26
2 Samuel
23
1 Kings
13
2 Kings
23
1 Chronicles
7
2 Chronicles
20
Ezra
2
Nehemiah
9
Esther
4
Job
25
Psalms
114
Proverbs
90
Ecclesiastes
21
Song of Solomon
2
Isaiah
45
Jeremiah
88
Lamentations
5
Ezekiel
14
Daniel
3
Hosea
7
Joel
4
Amos
2
Obadiah
8
Jonah
5
Micah
6
Zephaniah
2
Haggai
1
Zechariah
7
Malachi
1
ESV (486)
Genesis
17
Numbers
13
Deuteronomy
18
Joshua
5
Judges
8
Ruth
5
1 Samuel
20
2 Samuel
14
1 Kings
11
2 Kings
14
1 Chronicles
5
2 Chronicles
8
Ezra
2
Nehemiah
8
Job
13
Psalms
79
Proverbs
76
Ecclesiastes
16
Isaiah
41
Jeremiah
72
Lamentations
5
Ezekiel
13
Daniel
3
Hosea
1
Amos
2
Jonah
3
Micah
6
Zephaniah
2
Haggai
1
Zechariah
5
WEB (13)
Genesis
3
Exodus
1
Joshua
1
Judges
1
1 Samuel
1
2 Kings
1
Job
1
Psalms
2
Proverbs
1
Daniel
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1254) al (לא LA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Without: To be without anything such as nothing. Related to el. Apparently an opposite of la.

A) al (לא LA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Nothing

Nm ) al (לא LA) - Nothing: To be without, to not be. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: la hl] KJV (97): never, nay, no, none, nor, not, nothing, rather, whither, without, neither, none - Strongs: H408 (אַל), H409 (אַל), H3809 (לָה)

rm ) fal (לאו LAW) - But: As an alternative, to have what you are without. [df: wla] KJV (2): but, though - Strongs: H432 (אִלּוּ)

B) aal (לאא LAA) AC: ? CO: Idol AB: Worthless

bm ) aial (לאיא LAYA) - I. Idol:A god without power. II. Worthless:[df: lyla]KJV (20): idol, image, no value, nought - Strongs: H457 (אֱלִיל)

dm ) afal (לאוא LAWA) - Worthless: [df: lwla] KJV (1): nought - Strongs: H434 (אֱלוּל)

fm ) iaal (לאאי LAAY) - Worthless: [df: ylla] KJV (2): woe - Strongs: H480 (אַלְלַי)

om ) aafl (לואא LWAA) - Not: [df: alwl ylwl] KJV (14): except, unless, if, not - Strongs: H3884 (לוּלֵי)

J) afl (לוא LWA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Foolish

Nm ) afl (לוא LWA) - I. If:To have what you are without. [df: hl wl]II. Not: [df: hl]KJV (98): if, would, that, oh, peradventure, pray, though - Strongs: H3808 (לוֹא), H3863 (לֻא)

Nf2 ) tafl (לואת LWAT) - Foolishness: To be without wisdom. [df: tlwa] KJV (25): folly, foolishness, foolish, foolishly - Strongs: H200 (אִוֶּלֶת)

bm ) aifl (לויא LWYA) - Foolish: One without wisdom. [df: lywa] KJV (26): fool, foolish - Strongs: H191 (אֱוִיל)

fm ) iafl (לואי LWAY) - I. If:To have what you are without. [df: ylwa yla]II. Foolish:To be without wisdom. [df: ylwa]KJV (12): if, may, peradventure, unless - Strongs: H194 (אֻלַי), H196 (אֱוִלִי)

pm ) mafl (לואמ LWAM) - But: On the contrary, A desirous outcome. [df: Mlwa] KJV (19): but, truly, surely, very, howbeit, wherefore, truly - Strongs: H199 (אוּלָם)

L) ali (ילא YLA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Foolish

V) ali (ילא YLA) - Foolish: To be without wisdom. [df: lay] KJV (4): (vf: Niphal) foolishly, fool, foolish, dote - Strongs: H2973 (יָאַל)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אַל a word which has a negative power like the kindred לֹא, לָא, לַי, לֵא, לֵי (comp. under the root אוּן p. 21 ).

(1) subst. nothing; Job 24:25, “who shall bring my speech to nothing?”

(2) adv. [referred in Ges. corr. to its use as a conj.] of negation, i.q. μὴ, ne.

(a) put absol. like the Gr.μὴ for μὴ τοῦτο γένηται (Arist. Acharn. 458); Germ. nicht doch, nicht alfo; nay! not so! Ruth 1:13, אַל בִּנֹתַי “nay! my daughters (do not so);” nicht, fo meine Töchter. 2 Kings 3:13; Genesis 19:18, אַל־נָא אֲדֹנָי.

(b) it has sometimes simply a negative power, but like the Gr. νὴ, only in what are called subjective propositions. Thus it is only put with the future, and differs in this respect from לֹא. 2 Kings 6:27, אַל־יוֹשִׁיעֵךְ יְהֹוָה מֵאַיִן אוֹשִׁיעֵךְ “(if) Jehovah help thee not, how can I help thee?” (לֹא יוֹשִׁיעֵךְ must be rendered, “God will not help thee.” Well rendered by LXX. μή σε σώσαι Κύριος, “I fear the Lord will not help thee”). Genesis 21:16, אַל־אֶרְאֶה ich könnte nicht mit anfehn, “I cannot look on.” Psalms 50:3, יָבֹא אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְאַל־יֶתֱרַשׁ “Our God will come, and will not keep silence,” prop. und er möchte mohl nicht fchweigen, he may be expected not to keep silence. Psalms 34:6, 41:3 Proverbs 3:25, אַל־תִּירָא “thou shalt not fear,” there shah be no cause that thou shouldest fear, du brauchft dich nicht zu fürchten. Job 5:22; Genesis 49:6, “into their counsel אַל־תָּבֹא נַפְשִׁי my soul will not enter,” in folchen Rath mürbe nie meine Seele willigen. Compare Song of Solomon 7:3. Sometimes the verb is omitted, Amos 5:14, “seek good, וְאַל רַע and (seek) not evil.” 2 Samuel 1:21, אַל־טַל וְאַל־מָטָר עֲלֵיבֶם “(let there) not (be) dew nor rain upon you.” Proverbs 12:28, where it should be rendered, “the way of righteousness (giveth) life, and the right way אַל־מָוֶת (giveth) not death,” or calamity; or, “a right way never leads to death.”

(3) By far the most frequently it is a conj. of prohibiting, dehorting, deprecating, wishing that anything be not done. Always joined to a future, when it can be, apocopated; when in the first person, paragogic. Exodus 16:29, אַל־יֵצֵא אִישׁ “let not any one go out;” 1 Samuel 26:20. In the second person, Genesis 22:12, אַל־תִּשְׁלַח יָֽדְךָ “stretch not forth thy hand.” אַל־תִּירָאוּ “fear ye not,” Genesis 43:23; Jeremiah 7:4. In the first, Psalms 25:2, אַל־אֵבוֹשָׁה “let me not be ashamed!” sc. may God so grant that I be not ashamed. It is rarely separated from the verb, Psalms 6:2, אַל־בְּאַפְּךָ תוֹכִיחֵנִי “not in thy wrath chasten me.” Also used in imprecation, Genesis 49:4, אַל־תּוֹתַר “excel thou not,” du follft keinen Vorzug haben. In petitions there is added ·נָא Genesis 13:8, אַל־נָא תְהִי “let there not be now.” Genesis 18:3, 30 Genesis 18:30, 32 Genesis 18:32. (לֹא with a future is strongly prohibitory; פֶּן lest perhaps, is more mildly dissuasive.)

(4) used interrogatively, like Gr. μή (see Passow, Lex. Gr.h.v. litt. C. [“Butman Gr. Gram. § 148, 5.”]), for num, whether; used when a negative reply is expected. Once found in this sense, 1 Samuel 27:10, אַל־פְּשַׁטְתֶּם הַיוֹם ihr feid doch nicht ausgezogen in diefer Zeit? “ye have not then made any excursion to-day?” Here the answer is, “No, we have not gone out, for the Hebrews, my countrymen, live all around.” [?] From this stock is derived אֱלִיל; whether the verb אַלַל was ever used is uncertain.

אַל Ch. i.q. Heb. No. 3; but only in the Biblical Chaldee. Daniel 2:24, 4:16 5:10.

II. אַל the Arabic article i.q. Heb. הַל, prefixed also to some Hebrew words in the Old Test., which are either of Arabian origin, or, at least, although foreign, have come into the Hebrew from the Arabic, see אַלְמוֹדָד, אַלְקוּם, אֶלְגָּבִישׁ, אַלְמֻגִּים. Cognate is the pron. pers. pl. אֵל, אֵלֶּה, which see.

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List of Word Forms
אֲל־ אֶל־ אַ֖ל אַ֗ל אַ֣ל אַ֤ל אַ֨ל־ אַֽל־ אַל־ אל אל־ וְֽאַל־ וְאֶל־ וְאַ֣ל וְאַֽל־ וְאַל־ ואל ואל־ לְ֝אַ֗ל לאל תָּחֹ֥ס תחס ’al ’al- ’ăl- ’el- al el lə’al lə·’al leAl tā·ḥōs taChos tāḥōs veal veel wə’al wə’al- wə’el- wə·’al wə·’al- wə·’el-
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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