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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2973 - יָאַל

a primitive root
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1) to be foolish, become fools, act foolishly, show wicked folly

1a) (Niphal)

1a1) to show wicked folly

1a2) to become fools

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 50 ‑ ἀγνοέω (ag‑no‑eh'‑o);  1410 ‑ δύναμαι (doo'‑nam‑ahee);  1587 ‑ ἐκλείπω (ek‑li'‑po);  
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KJV (4)
Numbers 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
NAS (7)
Numbers 2
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 3
HCS (4)
Numbers 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
BSB (4)
Numbers 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
ESV (3)
Numbers 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
WEB (4)
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Jeremiah 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1254) al (לא LA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Without: To be without anything such as nothing. Related to el. Apparently an opposite of la.

A) al (לא LA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Nothing

Nm ) al (לא LA) - Nothing: To be without, to not be. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: la hl] KJV (97): never, nay, no, none, nor, not, nothing, rather, whither, without, neither, none - Strongs: H408 (אַל), H409 (אַל), H3809 (לָה)

rm ) fal (לאו LAW) - But: As an alternative, to have what you are without. [df: wla] KJV (2): but, though - Strongs: H432 (אִלּוּ)

B) aal (לאא LAA) AC: ? CO: Idol AB: Worthless

bm ) aial (לאיא LAYA) - I. Idol:A god without power. II. Worthless:[df: lyla]KJV (20): idol, image, no value, nought - Strongs: H457 (אֱלִיל)

dm ) afal (לאוא LAWA) - Worthless: [df: lwla] KJV (1): nought - Strongs: H434 (אֱלוּל)

fm ) iaal (לאאי LAAY) - Worthless: [df: ylla] KJV (2): woe - Strongs: H480 (אַלְלַי)

om ) aafl (לואא LWAA) - Not: [df: alwl ylwl] KJV (14): except, unless, if, not - Strongs: H3884 (לוּלֵי)

J) afl (לוא LWA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Foolish

Nm ) afl (לוא LWA) - I. If:To have what you are without. [df: hl wl]II. Not: [df: hl]KJV (98): if, would, that, oh, peradventure, pray, though - Strongs: H3808 (לוֹא), H3863 (לֻא)

Nf2 ) tafl (לואת LWAT) - Foolishness: To be without wisdom. [df: tlwa] KJV (25): folly, foolishness, foolish, foolishly - Strongs: H200 (אִוֶּלֶת)

bm ) aifl (לויא LWYA) - Foolish: One without wisdom. [df: lywa] KJV (26): fool, foolish - Strongs: H191 (אֱוִיל)

fm ) iafl (לואי LWAY) - I. If:To have what you are without. [df: ylwa yla]II. Foolish:To be without wisdom. [df: ylwa]KJV (12): if, may, peradventure, unless - Strongs: H194 (אֻלַי), H196 (אֱוִלִי)

pm ) mafl (לואמ LWAM) - But: On the contrary, A desirous outcome. [df: Mlwa] KJV (19): but, truly, surely, very, howbeit, wherefore, truly - Strongs: H199 (אוּלָם)

L) ali (ילא YLA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Foolish

V) ali (ילא YLA) - Foolish: To be without wisdom. [df: lay] KJV (4): (vf: Niphal) foolishly, fool, foolish, dote - Strongs: H2973 (יָאַל)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [יָאַל] verb be foolish (compare I. אול) —

Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine plural נוֺאֲלוּ Isaiah 19:3; Jeremiah 5:4; וְנֹאָ֑לוּ Jeremiah 50:36; 1 plural נוֺאַלְנוּ Numbers 12:11; — do or act foolishly:

1 shew wicked folly = sin חַטָּאתאֲשֶׁר נוֺאַלְנוּ וַאֲשֶׁר חָטָאנוּ Numbers 12:11 (J); in Jeremiah 5:4 an exhibition of this folly is ascribed to ignorance.

2 become fools, lacking insight and judgment: נוֺאֲלוּ שְׂרֵי צֹעַן Isaiah 19:13 the princes of Zoan have become fools ("" נִשְּׁאוּ שָׂרֵי נֹף, and, in Isaiah 19:11 אֱוִילִיםשָׂרֵי צֹעַן, etc.); חֶדֶב אֶלהַֿבַּדִּים וְנֹאָ֑לוּ Jeremiah 50:36 a sword is against the praters, and they shall become fools — be shewn up as such ("" חָֽתּוּ ׃).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

יָאַל prop. וָאַל unused in Kal, to be foolish, i.q. אָוַל which see. [“The primary idea appears to be that of perverseness, i.q. עָוַל.”]

Niphal נוֹאַלּ to be foolish, Numbers 12:11; Jeremiah 5:4 to act as a fool, Isaiah 19:13. Jeremiah 50:36, חֶרֶב אֶל־הַבַּדִּים וְנֹאָלוּ “the sword (is) upon the lying (prophets), and they shall act as fools” (comp. הוֹלֵל Job 12:17; Isaiah 44:25).


יָאַל unused in Kal, kindred to אוּל, אִיל Arab. أَوِلَ to go before, to be first. [In Thes. the meaning of this root is given “properly to will, to wish.”]

Hiphil הוֹאִיל to begin [“to wish, to will,” Thes.], Deuteronomy 1:5; Hosea 5:11; Joshua 17:12, וַיּוֹאֶל הַכְּנַעֲנִי לָשֶׁבֶת בָּאָרֶץ “and the Canaanites began to dwell together (to set their feet) in the land.” Judges 1:27, 35 Judges 1:35. Sometimes it is used with a more emphatic sense, to undertake, to endeavour, Genesis 18:27, 31 Genesis 18:31 also of him who yields to the prayers of others, and does something, to be willing, to be pleased to do something, Judges 17:11, 19:6, הוֹאֶלּ־נָא וְלִין “be content now, and lodge.” Exodus 2:21; 2 Samuel 7:29; 2 Kings 5:23; Job 6:9, 28 Job 6:28. Construed with a gerund after it, Joshua 17:12; Judges 1:35 or with a finite verb sometimes joined by a conjunction (Judges 19:6 ), sometimes without one, ἀσυνδετῶς (Deuteronomy 1:5; Hosea 5:11). [Note in Ges. add. all these passages are referred to the idea of to will, to wish, either in the sense of undertaking what is wished, as Genesis 18:27, 31 Genesis 18:31; Joshua 17:12; Judges 1:27, 35 Judges 1:35; 1 Samuel 17:39 or in the sense of being willing to yield to another, as Job 6:28; 2 Kings 6:3.]

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List of Word Forms
וְנֹאָ֑לוּ ונאלו נֽוֹאֲלוּ֙ נוֹאֲל֕וּ נוֹאַ֖לְנוּ נואלו נואלנו nō·w·’ă·lū nō·w·’al·nū noAlnu noaLu nōw’alnū nōw’ălū venoAlu wə·nō·’ā·lū wənō’ālū