Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #07185 - קָשָׁה

Transliteration
qâshâh
Phonetics
kaw-shaw'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2085
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to be hard, be severe, be fierce, be harsh

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be hard, be difficult

1a2) to be hard, be severe

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be ill-treated

1b2) to be hard pressed

1c) (Piel) to have severe labour (of women)

1d) (Hiphil)

1d1) to make difficult, make difficulty

1d2) to make severe, make burdensome

1d3) to make hard, make stiff, make stubborn

1d3a) of obstinacy (figuratively)

1d4) to show stubbornness

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4642 ‑ σκληρός (sklay‑ros');  4642 ‑ σκληρός (sklay‑ros');  4645 ‑ σκληρύνω (sklay‑roo'‑no);  4642 ‑ σκληρός (sklay‑ros');  5246 ‑ ὑπέρογκος (hoop‑er'‑ong‑kos);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (29)
Genesis
3
Exodus
2
Deuteronomy
4
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
2
2 Chronicles
3
Nehemiah
3
Job
1
Psalms
1
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
3
NAS (30)
Genesis
4
Exodus
2
Deuteronomy
5
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
3
2 Chronicles
4
Nehemiah
1
Psalms
1
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
3
HCS (28)
Genesis
3
Exodus
2
Deuteronomy
4
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
2
2 Chronicles
3
Nehemiah
3
Job
1
Psalms
1
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
3
BSB (28)
Genesis
3
Exodus
2
Deuteronomy
4
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
2
2 Chronicles
3
Nehemiah
3
Job
1
Psalms
1
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
3
ESV (24)
Genesis
3
Deuteronomy
3
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
1
2 Chronicles
3
Nehemiah
3
Job
1
Psalms
1
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
3
WEB (28)
Genesis
3
Exodus
2
Deuteronomy
3
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
2
2 Chronicles
3
Nehemiah
3
Job
1
Psalms
1
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
3
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1435) sq (קסה QSh) AC: Gather CO: Stalk AB: ?: The pictograph q is a picture of the sun at the horizon and the gathering of the light, the s is a picture of the teeth representing pressure. Combined these mean "bring together and pressed". Once the grain stalks are harvested from the field, it is gathered into bundles and secured with a cord in the middle.

A) sq (קסה QSh) AC: ? CO: Stubble AB: ?: The stiff part of the stalk that remains in the ground. The stiffness a branch for making bows or snares.

Nm) sq (קסה QSh) - Stubble: KJV (16): stubble - Strongs: H7179 (קַשׁ)

Nf2) tsq (קסהת QShT) - Bow: Made from a stiff branch to shoot arrows. KJV (77): bow - Strongs: H7198 (קֶשֶׁת)

fm) isq (קסהי QShY) - Stubbornness: As stiff. KJV (1): stubbornness - Strongs: H7190 (קְשִׁי)

B) ssq (קסהסה QShSh) AC: Gather CO: Stalk AB: ?: The stalks of the grain harvested are gathered together and tied into tight bundles. The stiffness of the stalks or a branch.

V) ssq (קסהסה QShSh) - Gather: KJV (8): (vf: Paal) gather - Strongs: H7197 (קָשַׁשׁ)

Nm) ssq (קסהסה QShSh) - Chaff: [df: ssx] KJV (2): chaff - Strongs: H2842 (חֲשַׁשׁ)

E) asq (קסהא QShA) AC: ? CO: Cucumber AB: ?: A hard vegetable.

df) afsq (קסהוא QShWA) - Cucumber: A hard vegetable. KJV (1): cucumber - Strongs: H7180 (קִשֻּׁאָה)

hf1) easqm (מקסהאה MQShAH) - Cucumber: A hard vegetable. [df: hsqm] KJV (1): cucumber - Strongs: H4750 (מִקְשָׁה)

H) esq (קסהה QShH) AC: ? CO: Hard AB: ?: The stiffness of the stubble or branch.

V) esq (קסהה QShH) - Hard: KJV (28): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) harden, hard, grievous - Strongs: H7185 (קָשָׁה)

Nm) esq (קסהה QShH) - Hard: KJV (36): hard, roughly, cruel, grievous, sore, churlish, hardhearted, heavy - Strongs: H7186 (קָשֶׁה)

hm) esqm (מקסהה MQShH) - Hairdo: A well dressed hair. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): hair - Strongs: H4748 (מִקְשֶׁה)

hf1) esqm (מקסהה MQShH) - Work: A metal that is formed by being beaten by a hammer. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (10): beaten, piece, upright - Strongs: H4749 (מִקְשָׁה)

J) sfq (קוסה QWSh) AC: Gather CO: Snare AB: ?: A snare for trapping animals is constructed of a bent branch (as a spring) tied to a trap.

V) sfq (קוסה QWSh) - Snare: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) snare - Strongs: H6983 (קוּשׁ)

L) sqi (יקסה YQSh) AC: Gather CO: Snare AB: ?: A snare for trapping animals is constructed of a bent branch (as a spring) tied to a trap.

V) sqi (יקסה YQSh) - Snare: KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual, Participle) snare - Strongs: H3369 (יָקַשׁ)

am) sqfm (מוקסה MWQSh) - Snare: KJV (27): snare, gin, trap, ensnared - Strongs: H4170 (מֹקֵשׁ)

cm) sfqi (יקוסה YQWSh) - Snarer: KJV (1): fowler - Strongs: H3352 (יָקוֹשׁ)

dm) sfqi (יקוסה YQWSh) - Snare: KJV (3): fowler, snare - Strongs: H3353 (יָקוּשׁ)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

קָשָׁה

(1) i.q. Arab. قسا to be hard, e.g. of words, 2 Sa. 19:44.

(2) to be heavy, used of the hand of God in punishing, 1 Samuel 5:7 of anger, Genesis 49:7.

(3) to be difficult, hard, Deuteronomy 1:17, 15:18.

Niphal, part. נִקְשֶׁה to be harshly treated, afflicted with a heavy lot, Isaiah 8:21.

Piel, Genesis 35:16, וַתְּקַשׁ בְּלִדְתָּהּ to have hard labour in parturition (fie hatte es fchwer behm Gebären). Verse 17 Genesis 35:17 in the same phrase is Hiph. (but it is needless to do what has of late been proposed, to take וַתְּקַשׁ as fut. Hiph. for וַתֶּקֶשׁ).

Hiphil, הִקְשָׁה, fut. apoc. וַיֶּקֶשׁ

(1) to make hard, to harden, e.g.

(a) the neck, i.e. to be obstinate, stubborn, Deuteronomy 10:16; 2 Kings 17:14 without עֹרֶף Job 9:4.

(b) followed by לֵב to harden any one’s heart, to make him obstinate, Exodus 7:3; Deuteronomy 2:30, ה׳ לִבּוֹ to harden one’s own heart, Psalms 95:8; Proverbs 28:14.

(2) to make (a yoke) heavy, 2 Kings 12:4.

(3) to make difficult, 2 Kings 2:10, הִקְשִׁיתָ לִשְׁאוֹל “thou hast asked a difficult thing.” Exodus 13:15, כִּי הִקְשָׁה פַרְעֹה לְשַׁלְּחֵנוּ “when Pharaoh would hardly let us go,” was unwilling to send us away.

Derivatives, קָשֶׁה, קְשִׁי and pr.n. קִשְׁיוֹן, also קִשֻּׁאִים [in Thes. from קָשָׁא].

II.

קָשָׁה i.q. קָשָׂה, Arab. قشا to peel off bark, especially by turning, hence to turn, to work in a round form.

Derivatives, מִקְשֶׁה, מִקְשָׁה.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אַקְשֶׁ֖ה אקשה בְהַקְשֹׁתָ֖הּ בהקשתה הִקְשִׁ֣יתָ הִקְשָׁ֣ה הִקְשָׁ֥ה הִקְשָׁה֩ הִקְשׁ֖וּ הִקְשׁוּ֙ הקשה הקשו הקשית וַיִּ֙קֶשׁ֙ וַיֶּ֤קֶשׁ וַיַּקְשׁ֤וּ וַיַּקְשׁוּ֙ וַתְּקַ֥שׁ וּמַקְשֶׁ֥ה ויקש ויקשו ומקשה ותקש יִקְשֶׁ֣ה יקשה מַקְשֶׁה־ מקשה־ נִקְשֶׁ֣ה נקשה קָשְׁתָ֤ה קָשָׁ֑תָה קשתה תַּקְשׁ֣וּ תַּקְשׁ֥וּ תַקְשׁ֖וּ תקשו ’aq·šeh ’aqšeh akSheh ḇə·haq·šō·ṯāh ḇəhaqšōṯāh hikShah hikShita hikShu hiq·šāh hiq·šî·ṯā hiq·šū hiqšāh hiqšîṯā hiqšū kaShatah kasheTah maksheh maq·šeh- maqšeh- nikSheh niq·šeh niqšeh qā·šā·ṯāh qā·šə·ṯāh qāšāṯāh qāšəṯāh takShu taq·šū ṯaq·šū taqšū ṯaqšū ū·maq·šeh umakSheh ūmaqšeh vaiyakShu vaiYekesh vaiYikesh vatteKash vehakshoTah wat·tə·qaš wattəqaš way·yaq·šū way·ye·qeš way·yi·qeš wayyaqšū wayyeqeš wayyiqeš yikSheh yiq·šeh yiqšeh
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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