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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #7197 - קָשַׁשׁ

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to gather, assemble, collect, gather stubble or sticks

1a) (Qal) to gather together

1b) (Poel) to gather stubble

1c) (Hithpoel) to gather oneself together

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4887 ‑ συνδέω (soon‑deh'‑o);  4863 ‑ συνάγω (soon‑ag'‑o);  4816 ‑ συλλέγω (sool‑leg'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Exodus 2
Numbers 2
1 Kings 2
Zephaniah 2
N95 (0)
CSB (8)
Exodus 2
Numbers 2
1 Kings 2
Zephaniah 2
BSB (8)
Exodus 2
Numbers 2
1 Kings 2
Zephaniah 2
ESV (6)
Numbers 2
1 Kings 2
Zephaniah 2
WEB (8)
Exodus 2
Numbers 2
1 Kings 2
Zephaniah 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1435) sq (קסה QSh) AC: Gather CO: Stalk AB: ?: The pictograph q is a picture of the sun at the horizon and the gathering of the light, the s is a picture of the teeth representing pressure. Combined these mean "bring together and pressed". Once the grain stalks are harvested from the field, it is gathered into bundles and secured with a cord in the middle.

A) sq (קסה QSh) AC: ? CO: Stubble AB: ?: The stiff part of the stalk that remains in the ground. The stiffness a branch for making bows or snares.

Nm) sq (קסה QSh) - Stubble: KJV (16): stubble - Strongs: H7179 (קַשׁ)

Nf2) tsq (קסהת QShT) - Bow: Made from a stiff branch to shoot arrows. KJV (77): bow - Strongs: H7198 (קֶשֶׁת)

fm) isq (קסהי QShY) - Stubbornness: As stiff. KJV (1): stubbornness - Strongs: H7190 (קְשִׁי)

B) ssq (קסהסה QShSh) AC: Gather CO: Stalk AB: ?: The stalks of the grain harvested are gathered together and tied into tight bundles. The stiffness of the stalks or a branch.

V) ssq (קסהסה QShSh) - Gather: KJV (8): (vf: Paal) gather - Strongs: H7197 (קָשַׁשׁ)

Nm) ssq (קסהסה QShSh) - Chaff: [df: ssx] KJV (2): chaff - Strongs: H2842 (חֲשַׁשׁ)

E) asq (קסהא QShA) AC: ? CO: Cucumber AB: ?: A hard vegetable.

df) afsq (קסהוא QShWA) - Cucumber: A hard vegetable. KJV (1): cucumber - Strongs: H7180 (קִשֻּׁאָה)

hf1) easqm (מקסהאה MQShAH) - Cucumber: A hard vegetable. [df: hsqm] KJV (1): cucumber - Strongs: H4750 (מִקְשָׁה)

H) esq (קסהה QShH) AC: ? CO: Hard AB: ?: The stiffness of the stubble or branch.

V) esq (קסהה QShH) - Hard: KJV (28): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) harden, hard, grievous - Strongs: H7185 (קָשָׁה)

Nm) esq (קסהה QShH) - Hard: KJV (36): hard, roughly, cruel, grievous, sore, churlish, hardhearted, heavy - Strongs: H7186 (קָשֶׁה)

hm) esqm (מקסהה MQShH) - Hairdo: A well dressed hair. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): hair - Strongs: H4748 (מִקְשֶׁה)

hf1) esqm (מקסהה MQShH) - Work: A metal that is formed by being beaten by a hammer. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (10): beaten, piece, upright - Strongs: H4749 (מִקְשָׁה)

J) sfq (קוסה QWSh) AC: Gather CO: Snare AB: ?: A snare for trapping animals is constructed of a bent branch (as a spring) tied to a trap.

V) sfq (קוסה QWSh) - Snare: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) snare - Strongs: H6983 (קוּשׁ)

L) sqi (יקסה YQSh) AC: Gather CO: Snare AB: ?: A snare for trapping animals is constructed of a bent branch (as a spring) tied to a trap.

V) sqi (יקסה YQSh) - Snare: KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual, Participle) snare - Strongs: H3369 (יָקַשׁ)

am) sqfm (מוקסה MWQSh) - Snare: KJV (27): snare, gin, trap, ensnared - Strongs: H4170 (מֹקֵשׁ)

cm) sfqi (יקוסה YQWSh) - Snarer: KJV (1): fowler - Strongs: H3352 (יָקוֹשׁ)

dm) sfqi (יקוסה YQWSh) - Snare: KJV (3): fowler, snare - Strongs: H3353 (יָקוּשׁ)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [קָשַׁשׁ] verb denominative Po`el gather stubble; — Perfect 3 plural consecutive וְקשְׁשׁוּ Exodus 5:7; Infinitive construct לְקשֵׁשׁ Exodus 5:12; Participle מְקשֵׁשׁ Numbers 15:32,33, feminine מְקשֶׁשֶׁת 1 Kings 17:10,12; — gather stubble, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb קַשׁ Exodus 5:12 (לַתֶּבֶן); also with accusative תֶּבֶן Exodus 5:7 (both J); with accusative עֵצִים as firewood Numbers 15:32,33 (P) 1 Kings 17:10,12.

II. [קָשַׁשׁ] doubtful verb, only

Qal Imperative +

Hithpo`el Imperative, הִתְקוֺשְׁשׁוּ וָקוֺשּׁוּ Zephaniah 2:1; AV RV gather yourselves together, yea gather together, from foregoing (compare Vrss), but this only denominative in specific meaning gather stubble, sticks, etc.; read probably with Gr Bu SK 1893,396 and others הִתְבּוֺשְׁשׁוּ.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

קָשַׁשׁ in Kal only found Zephaniah 2:1, see Hithpael.

Poel קֹשֵׁשׁ to gather, to seek for (Arab. قَشَّ), e.g. straw, Exodus 5:7, 12 sticks, Numbers 15:32.

Hithpoel, metaph. to gather one’s self, i.e. to collect one’s thoughts together (fich fammeln), Zephaniah 2:1.

Derivative, קַשׁ.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
הִֽתְקוֹשְׁשׁ֖וּ התקוששו וְקֹשְׁשׁ֥וּ וָק֑וֹשּׁוּ וקושו וקששו לְקֹשֵׁ֥שׁ לקשש מְקֹשֵׁ֣שׁ מְקֹשֵׁ֥שׁ מְקֹשֶׁ֜שֶׁת מְקֹשֶׁ֣שֶׁת מקשש מקששת hiṯ·qō·wō·šə·šū hitkosheShu hiṯqōwōšəšū lə·qō·šêš lekoShesh ləqōšêš mə·qō·še·šeṯ mə·qō·šêš mekoShesh mekoSheshet məqōšêš məqōšešeṯ vaKooshshu vekosheShu wā·qō·wōš·šū wāqōwōššū wə·qō·šə·šū wəqōšəšū
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