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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #08130 - שָׂנֵא

Transliteration
sânêʼ
Phonetics
saw-nay'
Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
2272
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שֵׁן
 
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שְׂנָא
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. to hate, be hateful
    1. (Qal) to hate
      1. of man
      2. of God
      3. hater, one hating, enemy (participle) (subst)
    2. (Niphal) to be hated
    3. (Piel) hater (participle)
      1. of persons, nations, God, wisdom

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5227 ‑ ὑπεναντίος (hoop‑en‑an‑tee'‑os);  3404 ‑ μισέω (mis‑eh'‑o);  2190 ‑ ἐχθρός (ekh‑thros');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (146)
Genesis 7
Exodus 4
Leviticus 2
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 20
Joshua 1
Judges 4
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 3
Esther 3
Job 3
Psalms 41
Proverbs 26
Ecclesiastes 3
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 1
Amos 4
Micah 1
Zechariah 1
Malachi 2
NAS (149)
Genesis 7
Exodus 4
Leviticus 2
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 23
Joshua 1
Judges 4
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 3
Esther 3
Job 3
Psalms 41
Proverbs 26
Ecclesiastes 3
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 1
Amos 4
Micah 1
Zechariah 1
Malachi 2
CSB (145)
Genesis 7
Exodus 4
Leviticus 2
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 20
Joshua 1
Judges 3
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 3
Esther 3
Job 3
Psalms 41
Proverbs 26
Ecclesiastes 3
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 1
Amos 4
Micah 1
Zechariah 1
Malachi 2
BSB (147)
Genesis 7
Exodus 4
Leviticus 2
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 21
Joshua 1
Judges 4
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 3
Esther 3
Job 3
Psalms 41
Proverbs 26
Ecclesiastes 3
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 1
Amos 4
Micah 1
Zechariah 1
Malachi 2
ESV (136)
Genesis 7
Leviticus 2
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 19
Joshua 1
Judges 4
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 3
Esther 3
Job 2
Psalms 39
Proverbs 26
Ecclesiastes 3
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 1
Amos 4
Micah 1
Zechariah 1
Malachi 2
WEB (145)
Genesis 7
Exodus 4
Leviticus 2
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 20
Joshua 1
Judges 4
2 Samuel 8
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 3
Esther 3
Job 3
Psalms 40
Proverbs 26
Ecclesiastes 3
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 1
Amos 4
Micah 1
Zechariah 1
Malachi 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1336) nx (סנ SN) AC: Pierce CO: Thorn AB: Hate: The pictograph x is a picture of a thorn, the n is a picture of seed. Combined these mean "thorn seed". The thorn, the seed of a plant with small sharp points) cause one to turn directions to avoid them. (eng: sin)

A) nx (סנ SN) AC: ? CO: Thorn AB: ?

Nm ) nx (סנ SN) - Thorn: [df: Nu] KJV (2): thorn - Strongs: H6791 (צֵן)

B) nnx (סננ SNN) AC: ? CO: Thorn AB: ?

bm ) ninx (סנינ SNYN) - Thorn: [df: Nynu Nnu] KJV (2): thorn - Strongs: H6796 (צָנִן)

C) nxa (אסנ ASN) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Harm

cm ) nfxa (אסונ ASWN) - Harm: The pain from the thorn. KJV (5): mischief - Strongs: H611 (אָסוֹן)

D) nax (סאנ SAN) AC: Pierce CO: Weapon AB: ?

V) nax (סאנ SAN) - Pierce: To pierce with a weapon. KJV (1): (vf: Paal) warrior - Strongs: H5431 (סָאַן)

cm) nfax (סאונ SAWN) - Weapon: A sharp weapon as a thorn. KJV (1): battle - Strongs: H5430 (סְאוֹן)

E) anx (סנא SNA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Hate: Like a thorn, hate causes one to turn away from another.

V) anx (סנא SNA) - Hate: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: anV] KJV (147): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel, Participle) hate, enemy, foe, hateful - Strongs: H8130 (שָׂנֵא), H8131 (שְׂנָא)

Nf1 ) eanx (סנאה SNAH) - Hate: [df: hanV] KJV (16): hatred, hated, hatefully - Strongs: H8135 (שִׂנְאָה)

bm ) ainx (סניא SNYA) - Hate: [df: aynV] KJV (1): hated - Strongs: H8146 (שָׂנִיא)

H) enx (סנה SNH) AC: ? CO: Thorn AB: ?

Nm ) enx (סנה SNH) - Thorn bush: KJV (6): bush - Strongs: H5572 (סְנֶה)

M) nix (סינ SYN) AC: ? CO: Shield AB: ?

Nf1 ) enix (סינה SYNH) - Shield: A protection against a weapon. [df: hnu] KJV (22): shield, buckler, target, hook, cold - Strongs: H6793 (צִנָּה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שָׂנֵא145 verb hate (Late Hebrew id.; MI4 שנאי my foes; Sabean שנאם foe SabDenkm No. 12,1. 9 compare Ib. No. 7,1. 9 CIS iv, No. 173,1. 6; Arabic , , hate; Aramaic סְנָא, , id., סָנְאָה, hater, etc.; Ethiopic hate is ); —

Qal128 Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׂ Deuteronomy 12:31 +, suffix שְׂנֵאָהּ 2 Samuel 13:15 +; 2 masculine singular שָׂנֵאתָ Psalm 5:6 +, suffix שְׂנֵאתַ֫נִי Judges 14:16, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׂנָא Proverbs 13:5; Proverbs 26:28, suffix יִשְׂמּנָאֶ֑ךָּ 9:s, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שִׂנְאוּ Amos 9:15; Psalm 97:10; Infinitive absolute שָׂנאֹ Judges 15:2; construct שְׂנאֹ Genesis 37:5 +, שְׂנאֹת Proverbs 8:13; Participle active שׂנֵא Deuteronomy 4:42 +, שׂנַאֲךָ Exodus 23:5; Proverbs 25:21; plural construct שׂנְאֵי Exodus 18:21 +, etc.; passive feminine singular שְׂנוּאָה Genesis 29:31 +; masculine plural construct שְׂנֻאֵי 2 Samuel 5:8 Qr (> Kt שָֽׂנְאוּ); — hate (often opposed to אָהֵב):

1 human;

a. with accusative of person Genesis 26:27 (J), Genesis 37:5,8 (E), Judges 11:7; 2 Samuel 13:22; Amos 5:10 ("" תֵּעֵב) + 17t. (evil-doers Psalm 26:5; Psalm 31:7; Psalm 139:21), + (object wife) Judges 14:16; Judges 15:2 (twice in verse); + passive participle, of wife, Genesis 29:31 (twice in verse) (J), Deuteronomy 21:15 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 21:16,17, compare Proverbs 30:23; figurative of Zion Isaiah 60:15 (+ עֲזוּבָה); specifically of sexual revulsion 2 Samuel 13:15 (twice in verse) (+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb), Deuteronomy 22:13,16; Deuteronomy 24:3; Song of Solomon , object man (of Jerusalem under figure of harlot) Ezekiel 16:37; passive שְׂנֻאֵי נֶפֶשׁ דָּוִד 2 Samuel 5:8 (but see obscure); reflexive (accusative נַפְשׁוֺ) Proverbs 29:24, absolute Ecclesiastes 3:8.

b. with accusative of thing, Ezekiel 35:6 (but read בְּדָם אָשַׁמְתָּᵐ5 ᵑ6 Co Berthol Toy), Ecclesiastes 2:17,18, especially evil Exodus 18:21 (E), Micah 3:2; Psalm 45:7 10t., virtue, etc. Micah 3:2; Proverbs 1:22 4t.

2 subject ׳י; object perverse Israel Amos 6:8 (its palaces), Hosea 9:15; Jeremiah 12:8; wickedness Psalm 5:6; Psalm 11:5; idolatry and evil Amos 5:21; Isaiah 1:14; Isaiah 61:8; Jeremiah 44:4; Malachi 2:16 5t.

3 Participle active54 as adjective Isaiah 66:5 (as verb with 1 singular pronoun Isaiah 61:8,

2 above); usually substantive, Proverbs 13:24 one hating his son (opposed to אֹהֵב); elsewhere = enemy foe (usually construct or with suffix), singular and plural (often "" אֹיֵב, sometimes opposed to אֹהֵב): foe of man Exodus 23:5 (E), Genesis 24:60 (J), Leviticus 26:17 (H) +, nation Exodus 1:10 (E), Esther 9:1,5,16 +, absolute Proverbs 26:24; Proverbs 27:6, (c. 31t. in all); + לֹא שׂנֵא with ל person, a no-hater to one Deuteronomy 4:42; Deuteronomy 19:4,6; Joshua 20:5, and (without לֹא) Deuteronomy 19:11; foe of good Micah 3:2, compare Job 34:17 3t., of evil Exodus 18:21; Proverbs 28:1, compare Proverbs 15:27; of suretyship Proverbs 11:15 (i.e. not giving it); foes of ׳י Exodus 20:5 = Deuteronomy 5:9; Deuteronomy 7:10 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 19:2.

Niph`al Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשָּׂנֵא Proverbs 14:17 is hated, so Proverbs 14:20 (+ ל person by, see לְ 5d).

Pi`el Participle suffix מְשַׂנְאִי Job 31:29; Psalm 55:13; plural construct מְשַׂנְאֵי Psalm 81:16; suffix מְשַׂנְאַי 2 Samuel 22:41 +, etc.; — enemy ( Qal 3) "" אֹיֵב, צָר, etc.:

1 personal and national, Job 31:29; Deuteronomy 33:11 (poem), 2 Samuel 22:41 = Psalm 18:41; Psalm 44:8; Psalm 44:11; Psalm 55:13; Psalm 68:2; Psalm 89:24.

2 of ׳י Numbers 10:35 (J), Deuteronomy 32:41 (poem), Psalm 81:16; Psalm 83:3; Psalm 139:21.

3 of wisdom Proverbs 8:36.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׂנֵא fut. יִשְׂנָא inf. abs. שָׂנֹא, constr. שְׂנֹא and שְׂנֹאת (Syr. ܣܢܐܳ, Arab. شَنَأَ) to hate, whether persons, Psalms 5:6, 31:7 Deuteronomy 22:13; 2 Samuel 13:15, 22 2 Samuel 13:22 or things, Isaiah 1:14; Psalms 11:5; Proverbs 1:22. Part. שׂוֹנֵא subst. a hater, an enemy, Psalms 35:19, 38:20 with suff. שׂנְאוֹ one who hates him, Deuteronomy 7:10 also שׂנֵא לוֹ Deuteronomy 4:42, 19:4, Deuteronomy 19:6, 11 Deuteronomy 19:11; Joshua 20:5. Fem. plur. שׂנְאוֹת female enemies, Ezekiel 16:27.

Niphal, pass. Proverbs 14:17.

Piel, part. מְשַׂנֵּא hater, enemy, Psalms 18:41, 55:13 68:2, etc.

Derivatives, שָׂנִיא, שְׂנֵאָה.


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List of Word Forms
אֶשְׂנָ֑א אשנא בְּשִׂנְאַ֤ת בְּשֹׂ֣נְאֵיהֶ֔ם בְּשֹׂנְאֵיהֶֽם׃ בְשֹׂנְאֵיהֶ֖ם בְשֹׂנְאָֽי׃ בשנאי׃ בשנאיהם בשנאיהם׃ בשנאת הַשְּׂנוּאָ֖ה הַשְּׂנוּאָ֜ה השנואה וְהַשְּׂנוּאָ֑ה וְלִמְשַׂנְאַ֖י וְלִשְׂנֹ֖א וְשִׂנְאַ֖ת וְשָׂנֵ֙אתִי֙ וְשָׂנֵ֤אתִֽי וְשֹׂנְאֵ֖י וְשֹׂנֵ֖א וְשׂוֹנֵ֖א וַֽיִּשְׂנְא֖וּ וַיִּשְׂנָאֶ֣הָ וַיִּשְׂנָאֶֽהָ׃ וַתִּשְׂנָ֫א וּ֝מְשַׂנְאֵ֗ינוּ וּ֝מְשַׂנְאֶ֗יךָ וּ֝מְשַׂנְאַ֗י וּ֝מִשֹּׂנְאַ֗י וּלְשֹׂנְאֵ֥י וּמְשַׂנְאֵ֥ינוּ וּמְשַׂנְאָ֖יו וּמְשַׂנְאָ֥יו וּשְׂנֵאֶֽךָ׃ וּשְׂנֵאָֽהּ׃ וּשְׂנֵאָהּ֮ וּשְׂנוּאָ֖ה והשנואה וישנאה וישנאה׃ וישנאו ולמשנאי ולשנא ולשנאי ומשנאי ומשנאיו ומשנאיך ומשנאינו ושונא ושנא ושנאה ושנאה׃ ושנאי ושנאך׃ ושנאת ושנאתי ושנואה ותשנא יִשְׂנְאוּ־ יִשְׂנָ֣א יִשְׂנָאֶ֑ךָּ יִשָּׂ֣נֵא יִשָּׂנֵֽא׃ ישנא ישנא׃ ישנאו־ ישנאך לְשֹׂ֣נְא֔וֹ לְשֹׂנְאָ֛יו לְשֹׂנְאָֽ֑י׃ לִשְׂנֹ֔א לִשְׂנֹ֣א לִשְׂנֹֽא׃ לשנא לשנא׃ לשנאו לשנאי׃ לשנאיו מְ֝שַׂנְאַ֗י מְ֝שַׂנְאָ֗יו מְ֭שַׂנְאִי מְשַׂנְאִ֑י מְשַׂנְאֵ֣י מְשַׂנְאֶ֖יךָ מְשַׂנְאַ֖י מִ֝שֹּֽׂנְאַ֗י מִשֹּׂ֣נְאַ֔י מִשֹּׂנְאָ֑י משנאי משנאיו משנאיך נאך נאת נאתי נואה שְֽׂנֵאֻ֗הוּ שְֽׂנֹ֫את שְׂ֭נוּאָה שְׂנֵאָ֔הּ שְׂנֵאתִ֑ים שְׂנֵאתִ֔ים שְׂנֵאתִ֗יהוּ שְׂנֵאתִ֗יו שְׂנֵאתִֽיהָ׃ שְׂנֵאתֶ֣ם שְׂנֵאתַ֙נִי֙ שְׂנֵאתָ֔הּ שְׂנֹ֣א שְׂנֹ֥א שְׂנוּאָ֔ה שְׂנוּאָ֣ה שִׂנְא֫וּ שִׂנְאוּ־ שָֽׂנְאָ֥ה שָׂ֝נֵ֗אתָ שָׂ֣נְאוּ שָׂ֭נֵאתִי שָׂנְא֥וּ שָׂנְאָ֣ה שָׂנֵ֑את שָׂנֵ֑אתִי שָׂנֵ֖א שָׂנֵ֖אתִי שָׂנֵ֖אתָ שָׂנֵ֗א שָׂנֵ֗אתִי שָׂנֵ֣א שָׂנֵ֣אתִי שָׂנֵ֣אתָ שָׂנֵ֤א שָׂנֵ֤אתִי ׀ שָׂנֵ֥אתִי שָׂנֵֽאתִי׃ שָׂנֹ֣א שֹֽׂנְאֵיכֶ֔ם שֹׂ֣נְאֵ֔ינוּ שֹׂ֣נְאֵי שֹׂ֣נְאֶ֔יךָ שֹׂ֥נְאֵי שֹׂ֭נַאֲךָ שֹׂנְאֵ֥י שֹׂנְאֵיהֶֽם׃ שֹׂנְאֵיכֶ֜ם שֹׂנְאֶ֔יךָ שֹׂנְאֶ֖יךָ שֹׂנְאֶ֥יךָ שֹׂנְאֶֽיךָ׃ שֹׂנְאַ֣י שֹׂנְאַ֥י שֹׂנְאַ֪י שֹׂנְאָ֑י שֹׂנְאָֽיו׃ שֹׂנְאוֹתַ֙יִךְ֙ שֹׂנֵ֣א שֹׂנֵ֥א שֹׂנַאֲךָ֗ שְׂנֻאֵ֖י שֹׂ֥נֵא שׂוֹנֵ֑א שׂוֹנֵ֖א שׂוֹנֵ֣א שׂוֹנֵ֥א שׂוֹנֵֽא׃ שונא שונא׃ שנא שנאה שנאהו שנאו שנאו־ שנאותיך שנאי שנאיהם׃ שנאיו׃ שנאיך שנאיך׃ שנאיכם שנאינו שנאך שנאת שנאתה שנאתי שנאתי׃ שנאתיה׃ שנאתיהו שנאתיו שנאתים שנאתם שנאתני שנואה תִשְׂנָ֥א תשנא ’eś·nā ’eśnā bə·śin·’aṯ ḇə·śō·nə·’āy bə·śō·nə·’ê·hem ḇə·śō·nə·’ê·hem bəśin’aṯ besinAt ḇəśōnə’āy bəśōnə’êhem ḇəśōnə’êhem besoneeiHem esNa haś·śə·nū·’āh haśśənū’āh hassenuAh lə·śō·nə·’āw lə·śō·nə·’āy lə·śō·nə·’ōw ləśōnə’āw ləśōnə’āy ləśōnə’ōw lesoneAi lesoneAv leSoneO liś·nō lisNo liśnō mə·śan·’āw mə·śan·’ay mə·śan·’ê mə·śan·’e·ḵā mə·śan·’î məśan’āw məśan’ay məśan’ê məśan’eḵā məśan’î mesanAi mesanAv mesanEi mesanEicha mesanI miś·śō·nə·’ay miś·śō·nə·’āy miśśōnə’ay miśśōnə’āy misSoneAi na’ăḵā na·’ă·ḵā naacha nê·ṯā nê·ṯî Neta nêṯā neti nêṯî nū’āh nū·’āh nuah śā·nê śā·nə·’āh śā·nə·’ū śā·nê·ṯā śā·nê·ṯî śā·nêṯ śā·nō saNe śānê śānə’āh śānə’ū saneAh saNet śānêṯ saNeta śānêṯā saNeti śānêṯî Saneu saNo śānō śə·nê·’āh śə·nê·’u·hū śə·nê·ṯa·nî śə·nê·ṯāh śə·nê·ṯem śə·nê·ṯî·hā śə·nê·ṯî·hū śə·nê·ṯîm śə·nê·ṯîw śə·nō śə·nōṯ śə·nū·’āh śə·nu·’ê śənê’āh śənê’uhū seneAh seneTah śənêṯāh seneTani śənêṯanî seneTem śənêṯem seneTiha śənêṯîhā seneTihu śənêṯîhū seneTim śənêṯîm seneTiv śənêṯîw seneUhu seNo śənō seNot śənōṯ śənū’āh śənu’ê senuAh senuEi śin’ū śin’ū- śin·’ū śin·’ū- sinU śō·na·’ă·ḵā śō·nê śō·nə·’āw śō·nə·’ay śō·nə·’āy śō·nə·’ê śō·nə·’ê·hem śō·nə·’e·ḵā śō·nə·’ê·ḵem śō·nə·’ê·nū śō·nə·’ō·w·ṯa·yiḵ śō·w·nê śōna’ăḵā sonaaCha soNe śōnê śōnə’āw śōnə’ay śōnə’āy śōnə’ê śōnə’êhem śōnə’eḵā śōnə’êḵem śōnə’ênū śōnə’ōwṯayiḵ soneAi soneAv Soneei soneEicha soneeiChem soneeiHem soneEinu soneoTayich śōwnê ṯiś·nā tisNa ṯiśnā ū·lə·śō·nə·’ê ū·mə·śan·’āw ū·mə·śan·’ay ū·mə·śan·’e·ḵā ū·mə·śan·’ê·nū ū·miś·śō·nə·’ay ū·śə·nê·’āh ū·śə·nê·’e·ḵā ū·śə·nū·’āh ūləśōnə’ê ulesoneEi ūməśan’āw ūməśan’ay ūməśan’eḵā ūməśan’ênū umesanAi umesanAv umesanEicha umesanEinu ūmiśśōnə’ay umissoneAi ūśənê’āh ūśənê’eḵā useneAh useneEcha ūśənū’āh usenuAh vaiyisnaEha vaiyisneU vattisNa vehassenuAh velimsanAi velisNo vesaNeti vesinAt vesoNe vesoneAi vesoneEi vesoneeiHem wat·tiś·nā wattiśnā way·yiś·nā·’e·hā way·yiś·nə·’ū wayyiśnā’ehā wayyiśnə’ū wə·haś·śə·nū·’āh wə·lim·śan·’ay wə·liś·nō wə·śā·nê·ṯî wə·śin·’aṯ wə·śō·nê wə·śō·nə·’ê wə·śō·w·nê wəhaśśənū’āh wəlimśan’ay wəliśnō wəśānêṯî wəśin’aṯ wəśōnê wəśōnə’ê wəśōwnê yiś·nā yiś·nā·’e·kā yiś·nə·’ū- yiś·śā·nê yisNa yiśnā yiśnā’ekā yisnaEka yiśnə’ū- yisneu yissaNe yiśśānê
 
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