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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2201 - ζεῦγος

Word Origin
from the same as (2218)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. two draught cattle (horses or mules or oxen) yoked together, a pair or yoke of beasts
  2. a pair
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6187 ‑ עֵרֶךְ (eh'‑rek);  6776 ‑ צֶמֶד (tseh'‑med);  8147 ‑ שְׁתַּיִם (shen‑ah'‑yim, shet‑tah'‑yim);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Luke 2
Luke 2
Luke 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ζεῦγος, εος, τό,



1. yoke of beasts, pair or team of mules, oxen or horses, Il. 18.543, IG 5(2).3.1 (Arc., iv B.C.), etc.; ζ. ἵππων And. 4.26.

2. carriage drawn by a yoke of beasts, a chariot, ζεύγεϊ κομίζεσθαι Hdt. 1.31; ἐπὶ ζευγέων ἐλάσασαι ib. 199; ἐπὶ ζεύγους ἄγειν And. 1.45; τῷ ζεύγει ὃ ἦγεν τὴν γυναῖκα Hyp. Lyc. 5; wagons, ζεύγεσι τοὺς λίθους ἄγουσι SIG 124 (iv B.C.); βοεικά Th. 4.128; racing-car,= τέθριππον, Id. 5.50; ζ. τέθριππον A. Fr. 346; ἢ συνωρίδι ἢ ζεύγει νενίκηκεν Pl. Ap. 36d (but = συνωρίς, Plu. 2.146d); ζ. μίσθιον a hired chariot, Id. Ant. 6; λευκὸν ζ. with white horses, D. 21.158.


1. pair or couple of any things, ἰρήκων, αἰγυπιῶν, Hdt. 3.76; πεδέων ib. 130; Ἀτρειδᾶν A. Ag. 44 (anap.); ἐμβάδων Ar. Eq. 872, cf. Herod. 7.51; ἐνωτίων BGU 1050.9 (Aug.), etc.; κεράμου IG 12.313.23, al.; [ κεράμων ] SIG 245 G i36 (Delph., iv B.C.); θυρῶν IG 12.313.110; ταὧν Antiph. 205; καλλιπύγων Cerc. 14: abs., married couple, τὸ ζ., ὃ καλεῖται θῆλυ καὶ ἄρρεν X. Oec. 7.18; τὸ ἐρωτικὸν ζ. Luc. Am. 11; κατὰ ζεῦγος in pairs, Plu. 2.93d; ἐς ζεύγεα Luc. Syr.D. 12.

2. mouthpiece of a double flute, Thphr. HP 4.11.4, 6.

3. ζ. ἱματίων suit of clothes, BGU 814.9 (iii A.D.).

III incorrectly also of more than two things or persons joined together, ζ. τριπάρθενον three maiden sisters, of the Graces, E. Fr. 357; so ζ. τρίδουλον Ar. Fr. 576; ζ. νεκρῶν, where parents and children are spoken of, E. HF 454. = Lat. jugerum, Cod.Just.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ζεῦγος, ζευγεος (ζεύγους), τό (ζεύγνυμι to join, yoke),

1. two draught-cattle (horses or oxen or mules) yoked together, a pair or yoke of beasts: Luke 14:19 (צֶמֶד, 1 Kings 19:19, etc.; often in Greek Writ; from Homer, Iliad 18, 543 down).

2. universally, a pair: Luke 2:24 (Herodotus 3, 130; Aeschylus Ag. 44; Xenophon, oec. 7, 18, and often in Greek writings).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ζεῦγος , -εος (-ους ), τό

(< ζεύγνυμι , to yoke),

[in LXX chiefly for H6776, Judges 19:3, al.;]

1. a yoke of beasts: Luke 14:19.

2. a pair of anything, Luke 2:24 (LXX).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ζεῦγος is very common = ";a pair,"; as in Luke 2:24. It is sufficient to cite by way of example—P Petr III. 31.5 (B.C. 240) τοῦ ζεύγους τῶν βοω ̣ν ̣, P Ryl II. 127.35 (A.D. 29) σφυρὶς ἐν ῃ ἄρτο ̣(ι) ν ̄, ζεύγ (η) κ ̄ε ̄, ";a basket in which were 50 loaves, 25 pairs,"; P Oxy II. 267.6 (A.D. 36) ἐνωτίων χρυσῶν ζεύγους ἑνός, BGU I. 22.81 (A.D. 114) (= Selections, p. 76) ζεῦγος ψελλίω (ν) ἀργυρῶν. According to the editors’ note on P Oxy XII. 1438.21 (late ii/A.D.) the commonest application of the word in the papyri is to a pair of loaves. For ζευγηλάτης = ";driver"; cf. e.g. P Fay 112.6 (A.D. 99) ]π ̣ιτίνας τὸν ζευγηλάτην εἵνα ἑκάσ [της ] ἡμέρας τὼ ἔργον ἀποδῦ (l. ἀποδοῖ), ";urge the driver to do his proper work every day"; (Edd.), BGU II. 624.22 (time of Diocletian) παρὰ ζευγηλάτο (υ) ταυρικ (οῦ). In MGr ζευγάρι = ";pair,"; ";couple.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Ζευγη Ζεύγη ζευγος ζεύγος ζεῦγος Zeuge Zeugē Zeúge Zeúgē zeugos zeûgos
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Monday, September 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
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