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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2219 - ζύμη

Transliteration
zýmē
Phonetics
dzoo'-may  
Word Origin
probably from (2204)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
2:902,302
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. leaven
  2. metaph. of inveterate mental and moral corruption, viewed in its tendency to infect others
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2557 ‑ חָמֵץ (khaw‑mates');  7603 ‑ שְׂאֹר (seh‑ore');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (13) NAS (13) HCS (13)
Matthew 4
Mark 1
Luke 2
1 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
Matthew 4
Mark 1
Luke 2
1 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
Matthew 4
Mark 2
Luke 2
1 Corinthians 4
Galatians 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 1
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 6
N-NSF 2
N-ASF 1
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 6
N-NSF 2
N-ASF 1
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 6
N-NSF 2
NA WH
N-ASF 1
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 6
N-NSF 2
N-ASF 1
N-DSF 4
N-GSF 6
N-NSF 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ζύμ-η [ ], ,

leaven, Arist. GA 755a18, LXX Exodus 12:15; beer-yeast, PTeb. 375.27 (ii A.D.), etc.: metaph., of corruption, falsehood, Matthew 16:6, etc. (ζῡ-μᾱ or ζῡς-μᾱ, cf. Skt. yauti 'mix', Skt. yûs, Lat. jûs 'soup', Lett. jaut 'stir dough', javs 'dough'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ζύμη, ζύμης, (ζέω (but cf. Curtius, p. 626f; Vanicek, p. 760)), leaven: Matthew 13:33; Luke 13:21 (Exodus 12:15; Leviticus 2:11; Deuteronomy 16:3, etc.; Aristotle, gen. an. 3, 4; Josephus, Antiquities 3, 10, 6; Plutarch, mor., p. 289f (quaest. Rom. 109)); τοῦ ἄρτου, Matthew 16:12; metaphorically, of inveterate mental and moral corruption, 1 Cor. 5:(), (Ignatius ad Magnes. 10 [ET]); viewed in its tendency to infect others, ζύμη τῶν Φαρισαίων: Matthew 16:6, 11; Mark 8:15; Luke 12:1, which fig. Matthew 16:12 explains of the teaching of the Pharisees, Luke, the passage cited more correctly (definitely?) of their hypocrisy. It is applied to that which, though small in quantity, yet by its influence thoroughly pervades a thing: either in a good sense, as in the parable Matthew 13:33; Luke 13:21 (see ζυμόω); or in a bad sense, of a pernicious influence, as in the proverb μικρά ζύμη ὅλον τό φύραμα ζυμοῖ, a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump, which is used variously, according to the various things to which it is applied, viz. a single sin corrupts a whole church, 1 Corinthians 5:6; a slight inclination to error (respecting the necessity of circumcision) easily perverts the whole conception of faith, Galatians 5:9; but many interpretations explain the passage 'even a few false teachers lead the whole church into error.'

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ζύμη , -ης , ,

[in LXX for H2557, Exodus 12:16; Exodus 13:3; Exodus 23:18; Exodus 34:25, Deuteronomy 16:3; H7603, Exodus 12:16; Exodus 12:19; Exodus 13:7, Leviticus 2:11, Deuteronomy 16:4 *;]

leaven: Matthew 13:33, Luke 13:21; τ . ἄρτου , Matthew 16:12. Metaph., of a moral influence or tendency, always, exc. in the Parable of the Leaven (Matthew 13:33, Luke 13:21), for evil: 1 Corinthians 5:6-8, Galatians 5:9; ζ . τ . Φαρισαίων , Matthew 16:6; Matthew 16:11, Mark 8:16, Luke 12:1 (Cremer, 723).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In a proposal to lease 10½ arourae of catoecic land, P Tebt II. 375.27 (A.D. 140), a certain Ision amongst other conditions says—δ ]ῴσω σοι καθ᾽ ἔτος ζύμης ἠρτυμένης ἀρτάβης δίδυρον, ";I will pay you annually 2/3 artaba of prepared leaven"; (Edd.) : cf. ib. 401.35 (early i/A.D.). The word represents *ζυ ̄σμα ̄ or *ζυ ̄μα ̄, cf. ζωμός, ";broth,"; Lat. ius (Boisacq, p. 311).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ζυμη ζύμη ζύμῃ ζυμην ζύμην ζυμης ζύμης ζυμίταις zume zumē zumen zumēn zumes zumēs zyme zymē zýme zýmē zýmei zýmēi zymen zymēn zýmen zýmēn zymes zymēs zýmes zýmēs
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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