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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3625 - οἰκουμένη

Transliteration
oikouménē
Phonetics
oy-kou-men'-ay  
Word Origin
feminine participle present passive of (3611) (as noun, by implication of (1093))
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
5:157,674
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the inhabited earth
    1. the portion of the earth inhabited by the Greeks, in distinction from the lands of the barbarians
    2. the Roman empire, all the subjects of the empire
    3. the whole inhabited earth, the world
    4. the inhabitants of the earth, men
  2. the universe, the world
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 776 ‑ אֶרֶץ (eh'‑rets);  8398 ‑ בֵּבֵל (tay‑bale');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (15) NAS (15) HCS (15)
Matthew 1
Luke 3
Acts 5
Romans 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 3
Matthew 1
Luke 3
Acts 5
Romans 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 3
Matthew 1
Luke 3
Acts 5
Romans 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 9
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1
N-ASF 8
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1
N-ASF 8
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1
NA WH
N-ASF 8
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1
N-ASF 8
N-DSF 2
N-GSF 4
N-NSF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

οἰκουμέν-η (sc. γῆ), ,

I inhabited region, v. cross οἰκέω A. 1; then the Greek world, opp. barbarian lands, D. 7.35; πᾶσα ἡ οἰ. Id. 18.48; in Arist. Mete. 362b26, ἡ οἰ., = the inhabited world (including non-Greek lands, as Ethiopia, India, Scythia), as opp. possibly uninhabited regions, cf. Cleom. 2.1; in Arist. Mu. 392b26, ἥδε ἡ οἰ., = our world (= Asia, Libya, Europe); οἰκουμέναι worlds, ib. 31; ἡ φιλία περιχορεύει τὴν οἰ. Epicur. Sent.Vat. 52; σοῦ (i.e. Ptolemy 11 or 111) τῆς οἰ. πάσης βασιλεύοντος PSI 5.541.7, cf. LXX 1 Esdras 2:3; loosely, the whole world, Hyp. Eux. 33 (prob.), Antiph. 179, PMag.Lond. 121.704, Luc. Halc. 3, Ath. 8.350a: so perh. in some passages cited under 11.

II the Roman world, ὁ ἀγαθὸς δαίμων (etc.) τῆς οἰ., i.e. the Emperor, OGI 666.4,668.5, POxy. 1021.5 (i A.D.), CIG 2581-2,4416, Luke 2:1, Acts 17:6, Acts 24:5, Sammelb. 176.2 (ii A.D.), Gal. 10.7, Luc. Macr. 7.

III ἡ οἰ. ἡ μέλλουσα the world to come, i.e. the kingdom of Christ, Hebrews 2:5.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

οἰκουμένη, οἰκουμένης, (feminine of the present passive participle from οἰκέω (namely, γῆ; cf. Winers Grammar, § 64, 5; Buttmann, § 123, 8));

1. the inhabited earth;

a. in Greek writings often the portion of the earth inhabited by the Greeks, in distinction from the lands of the barbarians, cf. Passow, ii., p. 415a; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, I.).

b. in the Greek authors who wrote about Roman affairs (like the Latinorbis terrarum) equivalent to the Roman empire: so πᾶσα οἰκουμένη contextually equivalent to all the subjects of this empire, Luke 2:1.

c. the whole inhabited earth, the world (so in (Hyperides, Eux. 42 (probably Liddell and Scott)) the Sept. for תֵּבֵל and אֶרֶץ): Luke 4:5; Luke 21:26; Acts 24:5; Romans 10:18; Revelation 16:14; Hebrews 1:6 (πᾶσα οἰκουμένη, Josephus, b. j. 7, 3, 3); ὅλῃ οἰκουμένη, Matthew 24:14; Acts 11:28 (in the same sense Josephus, Antiquities 8, 13, 4 πᾶσα οἰκουμένη; cf. Bleek, Erklär. d. drei ersten Evv. i., p. 68); by metonymy, the inhabitants of the earth, men: Acts 17:6, 31 (Psalm 9:9); ; οἰκουμένη ὅλῃ, all mankind, Revelation 3:10; Revelation 12:9.

2. the universe, the world: Wis. 1:7 (alternating there with τά πάντα); οἰκουμένη μελλουσα, that consummate state of all things which will exist after Christ's return from heaven, Hebrews 2:5 (where the word alternates with πάντα and τά πάντα, Hebrews 2:8, which there is taken in an absolute sense).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

οἰκουμένη , -ης ,

(fern. Pres. pass. ptcp. of οἰκέω ; sc. γῆ ),

[in LXX chiefly for H8398, H776;]

the inhabited earth;

(a) in cl., the countries occupied by Greeks, as disting. from barbarian lands (Hdt., Dem., al.);

(b) in later writers, the Roman world: Luke 2:1, Acts 11:28; Acts 24:5; by meton., of its inhabitants : Acts 17:6; Acts 19:27;

(c) in LXX (Psalms 23:1; Psalms 71:8, al.) and NT, also of the whole inhabited world: Matthew 24:14, Luke 4:5; Luke 21:26, Romans 10:18, Hebrews 1:6, Revelation 3:10; Revelation 16:14; by meton. (ut supr.), Acts 17:31, Revelation 12:9;

(d) of the Messianic age, ἡ οἰ . ἡ μέλλουσα = ὁ αἰὼ ὁ μέλλων : Hebrews 2:5.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this word, which in the NT is always found in the plur. = ";boundaries,"; i.e. ";territory,"; ";district"; (Lat. fines), cf. P Grenf II. 15ii. 3 (B.C. 139) ὅρια καὶ γείτονε [ς τ ]ῆς ὅλης γῆς νότου καὶ ἀπηλιώτου νῆσος Ἀφροδίτης. . . καὶ νῆσος Λητοῦ, P Tebt II. 277.15 (astrological—iii/A.D.) ἐν μὲν Κρόνου ὁρίοις, P Fay 38.6 (iii/iv A.D.) ἕως τῶν ὁρίων ἐποικίου, ";as far as the boundaries of the farmstead,"; and BGU IV. 1049.9 (iv/A.D.) ἐπὶ τοῖς οὖσι τῶν ὅλων ἐνγεγραμμένων ἀρ [ουρῶ ]ν ὁρίοις. For ὁριοδ (ε)ίκτης, ";one who marks out boundaries,"; see BGU II. 616.6 (ii/iii A.D.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
οικουμενη οἰκουμένη οἰκουμένῃ οικουμενην οἰκουμένην οικουμενης οἰκουμένης oikoumene oikoumenē oikouméne oikouménē oikouménei oikouménēi oikoumenen oikoumenēn oikouménen oikouménēn oikoumenes oikoumenēs oikouménes oikouménēs
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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