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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5330 - Φαρισαῖος

Transliteration
Pharisaîos
Phonetics
far-is-ah'-yos  
Word Origin
of Hebrew origin cf (06567)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
9:11,1246
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. A sect that seems to have started after the Jewish exile. In addition to OT books the Pharisees recognised in oral tradition a standard of belief and life. They sought for distinction and praise by outward observance of external rites and by outward forms of piety, and such as ceremonial washings, fastings, prayers, and alms giving; and, comparatively negligent of genuine piety, they prided themselves on their fancied good works. They held strenuously to a belief in the existence of good and evil angels, and to the expectation of a Messiah; and they cherished the hope that the dead, after a preliminary experience either of reward or of penalty in Hades, would be recalled to life by him, and be requited each according to his individual deeds. In opposition to the usurped dominion of the Herods and the rule of the Romans, they stoutly upheld the theocracy and their country's cause, and possessed great influence with the common people. According to Josephus they numbered more than 6000. They were bitter enemies of Jesus and his cause; and were in turn severely rebuked by him for their avarice, ambition, hollow reliance on outward works, and affection of piety in order to gain popularity.
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (100) NAS (99) HCS (98)
Matthew 30
Mark 11
Luke 27
John 19
Acts 7
Philippians 1
Matthew 30
Mark 11
Luke 26
John 19
Acts 7
Philippians 1
Matthew 29
Mark 12
Luke 27
John 20
Acts 9
Philippians 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 5
N-DPM 2
N-GPM 31
N-GSM 3
N-NPM 46
N-NSM 9
N-VPM 8
N-VSM 1
N-APM 5
N-DPM 2
N-GPM 30
N-GSM 2
N-NPM 45
N-NSM 9
N-VPM 6
N-APM 5
N-DPM 2
N-GPM 28
N-GSM 3
N-NPM 44
N-NSM 9
N-VPM 8
N-VSM 1
NA WH
N-APM 4
N-GPM 28
N-GSM 2
N-NPM 44
N-NSM 8
N-VPM 6
P-ASM 1
T-GPM 1
N-APM 5
N-DPM 2
N-GPM 29
N-GSM 2
N-NPM 45
N-NSM 9
N-VPM 6
N-VSM 1


Thayer's Expanded Definition

Φαρισαῖος, Φαρισαίου, , a Pharisee, a member of the sect or party of the Pharisees (Syriac )SYrP [], rabbinic writings פְּרוּשִׁין, from פָּרַשׁ, 'to separate', because deviating in their life from the general usage; Suidas, under the word, quotes Cedrenus as follows, Φαρισαῖοι, οἱ ἐρμηνευόμενοι ἀφωρισμένοι. παρά τό μερίζειν καί ἀφορίζειν ἑαυτούς τῶν ἄλλων ἁπάντων εἰς τέ τό καθαρωτατον τοῦ βίου καί ἀκριβεστατον, καί εἰς τά τοῦ νόμου ἐντάλματα). The first and feeble beginnings of this sect seem to be traceable to the age immediately succeeding the return from exile. In addition to the books of the O. T. the Pharisees recognized in oral tradition (see παράδοσις, 2) a standard of belief and life (Josephus, Antiquities 13, 10, 6; Matthew 15:1; Mark 7:3). They sought for distinction and praise by the observance of external rites and by the outward forms of piety, such as ablutions, fastings, prayers, and alms-giving; and, comparatively negligent of genuine piety, they prided themselves on their fancied good works. They held strenuously to a belief in the existence of good and evil angels, and to the expectation of a Messiah; and they cherished the hope that the dead, after a preliminary experience either of reward or of penalty in Hades, would be recalled to life by him and be requited each according to his individual deeds. In opposition to the usurped dominion of the Herods and the rule of the Romans, they stoutly upheld the theocracy and their country's cause, and possessed great influence with the common people. According to Josephus (Antiquities 17, 2, 4) they numbered more than 6,000. They were bitter enemies of Jesus and his cause; and were in turn severely rebuked by him for their avarice, ambition, hollow reliance on outward works, and affectation of piety in order to gain notoriety: Matthew 3:7; Matthew 5:20; Matthew 7:29 Lachmann; Lachmann omits; ; (); ; Mark 2:16, 18, 24; Mark 3:6; Mark 7:1, 3, 5; Mark 8:11, 15; ( L in brackets T); : Luke 5:17, 21, 30, 33; Luke 6:2, 7; Luke 7:30, 36f, 39; Luke 11:37-39, 42-44 (but in G T Tr WH omit; L brackets the clause),; 1; John 1:24; John 3:1; John 4:1; John 7:32, 45, 47; John 8:3, 13 (9:(),; ; Acts 5:34; Acts 15:5; Acts 23:6-9; Acts 26:5; Philippians 3:5. Cf. Winers RWB, under the word, Pharisäer; Reuss in Herzog xi., p. 496, and the works referred to above under the word Σαδδουκαῖος, at the end (especially Sieffert's dissertation in Herzog edition 2 (vol. xiii., p. 210ff) and the copious references at its close). An admirable idea of the opinions and practices of the Pharisees may be gathered also from Paret, Ueber d. Pharisäismus des Josephus, in the Theol. Studien und Kritiken for 1856, No. 4, p. 809ff.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φαρισαῖος , -ου ,

(Aram. פְּרִישָׁא ; v. Dalman, Gr., 157n, Words, 2n),

a Pharisee: Matthew 23:26, Philippians 3:5; usually in pl., Matthew 9:11, Mark 2:18, al.; Φ . κ . γραμματεῖς , Matthew 5:20, Mark 2:16, Luke 5:21, al.; Φ . κ . Σαδδουκαῖοι , Matthew 16:1, Acts 23:6-7, al.; ἀρχιερεῖς κ . Φ ., Matthew 21:45, John 7:32, al. (v. DB, iii, 826b).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Lond 1927.36 (mid. iv/A.D.) φρονίμως ἔδιξας τὸ γεννεότατον ἆθλον, ";you prudently showed forth your most noble contest,"; with reference to manner of life : cf. Luk. 16:8.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Φαρισαιε Φαρισαῖε Φαρισαιοι Φαρισαῖοι Φαρισαιοις Φαρισαίοις Φαρισαιος Φαρισαῖος Φαρισαῖός Φαρισαιου Φαρισαίου Φαρισαιους Φαρισαίους Φαρισαιων Φαρισαίων Pharisaie Pharisaîe Pharisaioi Pharisaîoi Pharisaiois Pharisaíois Pharisaion Pharisaiōn Pharisaíon Pharisaíōn Pharisaios Pharisaîos Pharisaîós Pharisaiou Pharisaíou Pharisaious Pharisaíous
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