corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5332 - φαρμακεύς

Word Origin
from pharmakon (a drug, i.e. spell-giving potion)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. one who prepares or uses magical remedies
  2. sorcerer
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS ( 0 ) HCS (1)
Revelation 1
Galatians 1
Revelation 2
Revelation 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φαρμᾰκ-εύς, έως, ὁ,

poisoner, sorcerer, S. Tr. 1140, Pl. Smp. 203d, etc.; γνήσιοι σοφισταὶ καὶ φ. Jul. Or. 6.197d.

II druggist, apothecary, Aret. CD 2.12.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φαρμακεύς, φαρμακεως, (φάρμακον), one who prepares or uses magical remedies; a sorcerer: Revelation 21:8 Rec. (Sophicles, Plato, Josephus, Lucian, Plutarch, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* φαρμακεύς , -έως , (< φάρμακον ),

a sorcerer: Revelation 21:8, Rec.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

φρουρέω is used literally ";guard,"; ";protect,"; in such passages as P Amh II. 43.17 (B.C. 173) where a contract is witnessed by six persons, τῶν ἐν τῆι Σοκνοπαίου Νήσωι φρουρούντων καὶ μισθο (φόρων), ";belonging to the guard at Socnopaei Nesus and in receipt of pay,"; P Bilabel 9.6 (B.C. 103) τοῖς ] ε ̣̓ν Κρο (κοδείλων) πό (λει) φερομένοις φρου (ροῦσιν), and P Tebt I. 92.2 (late ii/B.C.) Κερκεοσίρεως τῆς μὴ φρουρουμένης μηδ᾽ οὔσης ἐπὶ τοῦ μεγάλου ποταμοῦ, ";at Kerkeosiris, which is unguarded and is not situated upon the great river"; (Edd) : cf. 2Co. 11:32 and Field Notes, p. 186f. See also an important note by E. L. Hicks in CR i. p. 7 f. : in the other NT passages (Gal. 3:23, Php. 4:7, 1Pe. 1:5) he prefers the idea of ";a garrison keeping ward over a town"; to the idea of ";soldiers keeping guard either to prevent escape, or to protect the weak.";

For φρουρός, cf. P Oxy IX. 1193.4 (iv/A.D.) ὄνον ἕνα πα [ράσχου ] μετὰ καὶ ἑνὸς φύλακος τῷ ἀποσταλέντι φρ <ο >υρῷ, ";supply one donkey together with one guard to the sentinel whom I have sent"; (Ed.) : for φρουρά, cf. P Tebt II. 315.31 (ii/A.D.) ἔχι γὰρ συστατικὰς ̣ [ ]π ̣ως τὸν ἀπιθοῦντα μετὰ φρουρᾶς τῷ ἀρχιερῖ πέμπιν, ";he has instructions to send recalcitrants under guard to the high-priest"; (Edd.) : and for φρούριον, cf. P Amh II. 31.27 (B.C. 112) περίστασ ̣ι ̣ς ̣ τοῦ φρουρίου, ";the free space round the guardhouse.";

In P Petr I. 29.14 (iii/B.C.) τῶν ὅρων apparently applies to the ";watchers"; of a vineyard, and Mahaffy following Bury regards ὅροι as the word from which φρουροί (προ -οροι) is derived, and compares the Homeric οὖρος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εφαρμακεύετο φάρμακα φάρμακά φαρμακευομένη φαρμάκοις φαρμάκων
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, February 29th, 2020
the Last Week after Epiphany
There are 43 days til Easter!
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse:
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology