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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5599 -

Word Origin
a primary interj.
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the interjection, O!
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (17) NAS (8) HCS (3)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 4
Romans 4
Galatians 1
1 Timothy 2
James 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Romans 3
1 Timothy 1
Luke 1
Romans 2
INJ 17
INJ 13
INJ 17
INJ 20

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

and ,

an exclamation, expressing surprise, joy, or pain, O! oh! with nom., ὢ τάλας ἐγώ S. Aj. 981, etc.; ὢ ἔβενος, ὢ χρυσός Theoc. 15.123: also c. gen., ὢ τῆς ἀναισχυντίας Luc. Pisc. 5; with interrog., ὤ, τί λέγεις; Pl. Prt. 309d; in the middle of a sentence, E. Hipp. 362 (lyr.), al.

II with voc., a mode of address, whether at the beginning of a sentence or in a parenthesis, ὦ Ἀχιλεῦ Il. 1.74, etc., esp. in dialogue and Oratt., ἐβουλόμην, ὦ ἄνδρες, τὴν δύναμιν κτλ. Antipho. 5.1; in invocations of the gods, ὦ Ζεῦ τε καὶ Γῆ καὶ πολισσοῦχοι θεοί A. Th. 69, etc.; with imper., ὦ χαῖρε Id. Ag. 22, S. Aj. 91; ὦ πρὸς θεῶν ὕπεικε ib. 371, cf. D. 21.98: sts. following the Verb, E. Tr. 335 (lyr.); in different number from the voc., προσέλθετ', ὦ παῖ, πατρί S. OC 1104, cf. 1112, Sch. Ar. Pl. 66.

2. with nom. instead of voc., ὦ δῐος αἰθήρ, ὦ φίλος, A. Pr. 88, 545; ὦ γενναῖος Pl. Phdr. 227c; ὦ οὗτος Αἴας S. Aj. 89; ὦ οὗτος οὗτος Οἰδίπους Id. OC 1627; also οὗτος, ὦ σέ τοι (sc. καλῶ) Ar. Av. 274.

3. with both together, φίλος ὦ Μενέλαε Il. 4.189; ὦ τλάμων πάτερ S. Aj. 641 (lyr., τλᾶμον codd. rec., edd.).

4. with the latter of two nouns, Ἀγάμεμνον, ὦ Μενέλαε Id. Ph. 794. In the first sense usu. written , in the second : [τὸ ὢ] ἡνίκα θαυμαστικὸν λαμβάνεται βαρύνεται, καὶ χωρεῐ εἰς ἐπιρρηματικὴν σύνταξιν, οἷον ὢ Ἡρακλῆς EM 79.13: Thom.Mag. p.408R. prescribes with the gen., but with the voc., e.g. ὦ Ἡράκλεις, where the whole expression, and not merely the (,) expresses surprise (but A.D. Adv. 127.24 seems to imply in both senses); as an exclam. is found in forms like ὤ μοι, ὤ μοι ἐγώ, ὢ πρὸς τῶν θεῶν D. l. c.: but ὦ πόποι δυσὶ τόνοις χρῆται Hdn.Gr. 1.503, so that ὢ πόποι is improbable, cf. Theognost. Can. 158 (as emended by Lehrs Aristarch. 3p.119); ᾤμοι and ὤμοι are both recognized by EM 822.33, cf. Lex.Mess. p.413; ωιμ' Sapph. Supp. 23.4; in E., when it stands in the middle of a sentence, it shd. be written , Hipp. 362, al.: sts. doubled, ὢ ὢ κακά A. Ag. 1214; ἰὼ ὢ ὤ S. OC 224 (v.l. ὣ ὣ ὣ); written ὼ ώ in Pap. of S. Ichn. 61; tripled, ὢ ὢ ὤ A. Pers. 985 (lyr., prob.). To those who (like D.T. 640.11, cf. Sch. D.T. p.257H.) took for the voc. of the Art. , A.D. Synt. 45.22 - 53 replies at length.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

, an interjection, prefixed to vocatives (on its use in the N. T. cf. Buttmann, 140 (122); (Winers Grammar, § 29, 3)), O; it is used a. in address: Θεόφιλε, Acts 1:1; add, Acts 18:14; Acts 27:21 (here Tdf. (ex errore); on the passages which follow cf. Buttmann, as above); Romans 2:1, 3; Romans 9:20; 1 Timothy 6:20; and, at the same time, reproof, James 2:20.

b. in exclamation: and that of admiration, Matthew 15:28; Romans 11:33 (here Lachmann ; cf. Chandler §§ 902 and especially 904); of reproof, Luke 24:25; Acts 13:10; Galatians 3:1; with the nominative (Winer's Grammar, § 29, 2), Matthew 17:17; Mark 9:19; Luke 9:41. ((From Homer down.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


interj., c. vocat.,


(a) in simple address (less freq. than in cl.; M, Pr., 71); Acts 1:1; Acts 18:14; Acts 27:21, Romans 2:1; Romans 2:3; Romans 9:20, 1 Timothy 6:20; expressing reproof, James 2:20;

(b) in exclamations of surprise, etc.: Matthew 15:28, Luke 24:25, Acts 13:10, Romans 11:33, Galatians 3:1; c. nom. (Bl., § 33, 4), Matthew 17:17, Mark 9:19, Luke 9:41.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
Ω Ὢ Ὦ o ô Ō Ṑ Ō̂
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Thursday, November 26th, 2020
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