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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #6191 - עָרַם

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be subtle, be shrewd, be crafty, beware, take crafty counsel, be prudent

1a) (Qal) to be crafty, be subtle

1b) (Hiphil) to be crafty, be or become shrewd

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 246 ‑ ἀλλόφυλος (al‑lof'‑oo‑los);  1339 ‑ διΐστημι (dee‑is'‑tay‑mee);  3835 ‑ πανοῦργος (pan‑oor'‑gos);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (4) HCS (5)
1 Samuel 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
1 Samuel 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
1 Samuel 2
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 4
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 4
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 4

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2908) mrg (גהרמ GhRM) AC: Subtle CO: ? AB: ?

V) mrg (גהרמ GhRM) - Subtle: To be subtle in craftiness or prudence. KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) subtilty, crafty, prudent, beware - Strongs: H6191 (עָרַם)

Nf1) emrg (גהרמה GhRMH) - Subtlety: In craftiness or prudence. KJV (5): guile - Strongs: H6195 (עָרְמָה)

dm) mfrg (גהרומ GhRWM) - Subtle: In craftiness or prudence. KJV (11): prudent, crafty, subtil - Strongs: H6175 (עָרוּם)

gm) mrfg (גהורמ GhWRM) - Subtlety: In craftiness or prudence. KJV (1): craftiness - Strongs: H6193 (עֹרֶם)

jm) nfmrg (גהרמונ GhRMWN) - Ermon: An unknown tree. KJV (2): chestnut - Strongs: H6196 (עֶרְמוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [עָרֹם Lag BN 31] verb be shrewd, crafty (Late Hebrew id., Hiph`il; Arabic , , be ill-natured, cross; ᵑ7 adjective עָרִים shrewd, Syriac id., and verb in derived species (Pe`al in Lexicons)); —

Qal Infinitive absolute in עָרֹם יַעְרִם 1 Samuel 23:22 he is exceedingly crafty.

Hiph`il Imperfect be crafty, 3 masculine singular יַעְרִם 1 Samuel 23:22; be or become shrewd יַעְרִם Proverbs 15:5; Proverbs 19:25; all these

Qal Imperfect in ִ֯ according to Ba ZMG xliii (1889), 180 so Ges§ 63 n Buhl Lex, but perhaps read יֶעְרַם as

Qal; True.

Hiph`il in 3 masculine plural יַעֲרִימוּ סוֺד Psalm 83:4 they make crafty (their) counsel against thy people.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1) i.q. عرَمَ to make naked, [“to be naked”], to uncover, whence עָרֹם, עָרוֹם which see. Intrans. عَرِمَ to be impudent, spiteful (manifesting one’s malevolent mind).

(2) to be crafty. (Syr. Ethpe. id. ܥܰܪܝܺܡܳܐ, עֲרִימָא crafty, spiteful.) Once found in Kal, 1 Samuel 23:22.


(1) to make crafty, Psalms 83:4, יַעֲרִימוּ סוֹד “they make their counsel crafty,” they take crafty counsels.

(2) to act craftily, 1 Samuel 23:22, and, in a good sense, to act prudently, Proverbs 15:5, 19:25.

Derivatives עָרוּם, עֹרֶם, עָרְמָה [עָרוֹם, עֵירֹם, מַעֲרֻמִּים].


עָרַם not used in Kal, cognate to the verbs, אָרַם, הָרַם, רָאַם, רוּם, רָמַם, to be high. (Syr. Pa. to hear up; Arab. عرم to be heaped up. Saad. Exodus 15:8 عَرَمَةُ a heap of grain on the threshing floor.)

Niphal, to be heaped up, Exodus 15:8.

Derivatives, עֲרֵמָה, עַרְמוֹן.

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List of Word Forms
יַעְרִ֑ם יַעְרִֽם׃ יַעֲרִ֣ימוּ יערימו יערם יערם׃ עָר֥וֹם ערום ‘ā·rō·wm ‘ārōwm aRom ya‘·rim ya‘ărîmū ya‘rim ya·‘ă·rî·mū yaaRimu yaRim
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