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Smith's Bible Dictionary


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There are four Hebrew words thus rendered in the Old Testament which we may briefly notice.
  1. Raki'a , Authorized Version, firmament. [ FIRMAMENT ]
  2. Shamayim . This is the word used in the expression "the heaven and the earth," or "the upper and lower regions." ( Genesis 1:1 )
  3. Marom , used for heaven in ( Psalm 18:16 ; Isaiah 24:18 ; Jeremiah 25:30 ). Properly speaking it means a mountain as in (Psalm 102:19 ; Ezekiel 17:23 )
  4. Shechakim , "expanses," with reference to the extent of heaven. (33:26; Job 35:5 ) St. Paul's expression "third heaven," (2 Corinthians 12:2 ) had led to much conjecture. Grotius said that the Jews divided the heaven into three parts, viz.,
  5. The air or atmosphere, where clouds gather;
  6. The firmament, in which the sun, moon and stars are fixed;
  7. The upper heaven, the abode of God and his angels, the invisible realm of holiness and happiness the home of the children of God.

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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Heaven'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. 1901.

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Friday, November 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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