Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2032 - ἐπουράνιος
- existing in heaven
- things that take place in heaven
- the heavenly regions
- heaven itself, the abode of God and angels
- the lower heavens, of the stars
- the heavens, of the clouds
- the heavenly temple or sanctuary
- of heavenly origin or nature
[ᾰ], ον, η, ον Arat. (v.infr.), Q.S. 2.429: —
1. heavenly, in Hom. only of the gods, ἐ. θεός, θεοί, Od. 17.484, Il. 6.129,al.; εὐσεβέων ἐ. ψυχαί Pi. Fr. 132.3; πατήρ Matthew 18:35; ἡ ἐ. πορεία f.l. in Pl. Phdr. 256d.
2. pl., as Subst., οἱ ἐ., = θεοί, Theoc. 25.5, Mosch. 2.21; opp. ἐπίγειοι, Philippians 2:11; so ἤδη ἐ. εἶ Luc. DDeor. 4.3; τὰ ἐ., = τὰ μετέωρα, v.l. in Pl. Revelation 19:1-21 b (ἐ. σώματα 1 Corinthians 15:40).
3. up to heaven, ἔπτατ' ἐπουρανίη v.l. in Arat. 134.
ἐπουράνιος, ἐπουράνιον (οὐρανός), properly, existing in or above heaven, heavenly;
1. existing in heaven: ὁ πατήρ ἐπουράνιος, i. e. God, Matthew 18:35 Rec. (Θεοί, Θεός, Homer, Odyssey 17, 484; Iliad 6, 131, etc.; 3Macc. 6:28 3Macc. 7:6); οἱ ἐπουράνιοι the heavenly beings, the inhabitants of heaven, (Lucian, dial. deor. 4, 3; of the gods, in Theocritus, 25, 5): of angels, in opposition to ἐπιγειοι and καταχθονιοι, Philippians 2:10; Ignat. ad Trall. 9 [ET], (cf. Polycarp, ad Philipp. 2 [ET]); σώματα, the bodies of the stars (which the apostle, according to the universal ancient conception, seems to have regarded as animate (cf. Lightfoot on Colossians, p. 376; Gfrorer, Philo etc. 2te Aufl., p. 349f; Siegfried, Philo von Alex., p. 306; yet cf. Meyer ed. Heinrici, at the passage), cf. Job 38:7; Enoch 18:14ff) and of the angels, 1 Corinthians 15:40; ἡ βασιλεία ἡ ἐπουράνιος (on which see p. 97), 2 Timothy 4:18; substantially the same as ἡ πατρίς ἡ ἐπουράνιος Hebrews 11:16 and Ἱερουσαλήμ ἐπουρανίῳ, Hebrews 12:22; κλῆσις, a calling made (by God) in heaven, Hebrews 3:1 (others would include a reference to its end as well as to its origin; cf. Lunem. at the passage), cf. Philippians 3:14 (Lightfoot cites Philo, plant. Noe § 6). The neut. τά ἐπουράνια denotes (cf. Winers Grammar, § 34, 2)
a. the things that take place in heaven, i. e. the purposes of God to grant salvation to men through the death of Christ: John 3:12 (see ἐπίγειος).
b. the heavenly regions, i. e. heaven itself, the abode of God and angels: Ephesians 1:3, 20 (where Lachmann text οὐρανοῖς); Ephesians 2:6; Ephesians 3:10; the lower heavens, or the heaven of the clouds, Ephesians 6:12 (cf. B. D. American edition, under the word
c. the heavenly temple or sanctuary: Hebrews 8:5; Hebrews 9:23.
2. of heavenly origin and nature: 1 Corinthians 15:48f (opposite to χοϊκός); ἡ δωρεά ἡ ἐπουράνιος. Hebrews 6:4.
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ἐπουράνιος , -ον
(< οὐρανός ),
[in LXX: Psalms 68:14 (H7706), DA TH Daniel 4:23 A (H8064) 2 Maccabees 3:39, 3 Maccabees 6:28; 3 Maccabees 7:6, 4 Maccabees 4:11 AR, 4 Maccabees 11:3 א *;]
in or of heaven, heavenly (in Hom., of the Gods): οἱ ἐ ., opp. to ἐπίγειοι and καταχθόνιοι , Philippians 2:10; to χοϊκός , 1 Corinthians 15:48-49; σώματα (v. Lft., Col., 376), 1 Corinthians 15:40; βασιλεία , 2 Timothy 4:18; παπρίς , Hebrews 11:16; Ἱερουσαλήμ , Hebrews 12:22; κλῆσις (cf. Lft. on Philippians 3:14), Hebrews 3:1; τὰ ἐ ., Hebrews 8:5; Hebrews 9:23; opp. to ἐπίγειος , John 3:12; id., of the heavenly regions, Ephesians 1:3; Ephesians 1:20; Ephesians 2:6; Ephesians 3:10; Ephesians 6:12; ἡ δωρεὰ ἡ ἐ ., Hebrews 6:4 (Cremer, 468).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
That this classical word (Homer, Plato) had survived in Hellenistic Greek outside the NT is shown by its occurrence in the Jewish text of the great Paris magical papyrus, P Par 574.3042 (iii/A.D.) (= Deissmann LAE, p. 252) καὶ σὺ λάλησον ὁποῖον ἐὰν ἦς ἐπεουράνιον ἢ ἀέριον εἴτε ἐπίγειον εἴτε ὑπόγειον ἢ καταχθόνιον —a passage which at once recalls the Pauline usage (Philippians 2:10, Ephesians 2:2, al.), but is not a quotation from the Apostle. ";The papyrus and St. Paul are both using familiar Jewish categories"; (Deissmann ut s. p. 257 n..11). See also Kaibel 261.9 f. (ii/A.D.)—
κεῖται μὲν γαίῃ φθίμενον δέμας, ἡ δὲ δοθεῖσα
ψυχή μοι ναίει δώματ᾽ ἐπουράνια.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.