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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2032 - ἐπουράνιος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1909) and (G3772)
Parts of Speech
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  1. existing in heaven
    1. things that take place in heaven
    2. the heavenly regions
      1. heaven itself, the abode of God and angels
      2. the lower heavens, of the stars
      3. the heavens, of the clouds
    3. the heavenly temple or sanctuary
  2. of heavenly origin or nature
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7706 ‑ שַׁדַּי (shad‑dah'ee);  8064 ‑ שָׁמֶה (shaw‑mah'‑yim, shaw‑meh');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (21)
Matthew 1
John 1
1 Corinthians 6
Ephesians 5
Philippians 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 6
NAS (23)
John 2
1 Corinthians 5
Ephesians 5
Philippians 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 9
CSB (19)
John 1
1 Corinthians 5
Ephesians 5
Philippians 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 6
BSB (19)
John 1
1 Corinthians 5
Ephesians 5
Philippians 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 6
ESV (20)
Matthew 1
John 1
1 Corinthians 5
Ephesians 5
Philippians 1
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 6
WEB (22)
Matthew 1
John 1
1 Corinthians 5
Ephesians 5
Philippians 3
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 6
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


[], ον, η, ον Arat. (v.infr.), Q.S. 2.429:

1. heavenly, in Hom. only of the gods, ἐ. θεός, θεοί, Od. 17.484, Il. 6.129,al.; εὐσεβέων ἐ. ψυχαί Pi. Fr. 132.3; πατήρ Matthew 18:35; ἡ ἐ. πορεία f.l. in Pl. Phdr. 256d.

2. pl., as Subst., οἱ ἐ., = θεοί, Theoc. 25.5, Mosch. 2.21; opp. ἐπίγειοι, Philippians 2:11; so ἤδη ἐ. εἶ Luc. DDeor. 4.3; τὰ ἐ., = τὰ μετέωρα, v.l. in Pl. Revelation 19:1-21 b (ἐ. σώματα 1 Corinthians 15:40).

3. up to heaven, ἔπτατ' ἐπουρανίη v.l. in Arat. 134.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπουράνιος, ἐπουράνιον (οὐρανός), properly, existing in or above heaven, heavenly;

1. existing in heaven: πατήρ ἐπουράνιος, i. e. God, Matthew 18:35 Rec. (Θεοί, Θεός, Homer, Odyssey 17, 484; Iliad 6, 131, etc.; 3Macc. 6:28 3Macc. 7:6); οἱ ἐπουράνιοι the heavenly beings, the inhabitants of heaven, (Lucian, dial. deor. 4, 3; of the gods, in Theocritus, 25, 5): of angels, in opposition to ἐπιγειοι and καταχθονιοι, Philippians 2:10; Ignat. ad Trall. 9 [ET], (cf. Polycarp, ad Philipp. 2 [ET]); σώματα, the bodies of the stars (which the apostle, according to the universal ancient conception, seems to have regarded as animate (cf. Lightfoot on Colossians, p. 376; Gfrorer, Philo etc. 2te Aufl., p. 349f; Siegfried, Philo von Alex., p. 306; yet cf. Meyer ed. Heinrici, at the passage), cf. Job 38:7; Enoch 18:14ff) and of the angels, 1 Corinthians 15:40; βασιλεία ἐπουράνιος (on which see p. 97), 2 Timothy 4:18; substantially the same as πατρίς ἐπουράνιος Hebrews 11:16 and Ἱερουσαλήμ ἐπουρανίῳ, Hebrews 12:22; κλῆσις, a calling made (by God) in heaven, Hebrews 3:1 (others would include a reference to its end as well as to its origin; cf. Lunem. at the passage), cf. Philippians 3:14 (Lightfoot cites Philo, plant. Noe § 6). The neut. τά ἐπουράνια denotes (cf. Winers Grammar, § 34, 2)

a. the things that take place in heaven, i. e. the purposes of God to grant salvation to men through the death of Christ: John 3:12 (see ἐπίγειος).

b. the heavenly regions, i. e. heaven itself, the abode of God and angels: Ephesians 1:3, 20 (where Lachmann text οὐρανοῖς); Ephesians 2:6; Ephesians 3:10; the lower heavens, or the heaven of the clouds, Ephesians 6:12 (cf. B. D. American edition, under the word ).

c. the heavenly temple or sanctuary: Hebrews 8:5; Hebrews 9:23.

2. of heavenly origin and nature: 1 Corinthians 15:48f (opposite to χοϊκός); δωρεά ἐπουράνιος. Hebrews 6:4.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπουράνιος , -ον

(< οὐρανός ),

[in LXX: Psalms 68:14 (H7706), DA TH Daniel 4:23 A (H8064) 2 Maccabees 3:39, 3 Maccabees 6:28; 3 Maccabees 7:6, 4 Maccabees 4:11 AR, 4 Maccabees 11:3 א *;]

in or of heaven, heavenly (in Hom., of the Gods): οἱ ἐ ., opp. to ἐπίγειοι and καταχθόνιοι , Philippians 2:10; to χοϊκός , 1 Corinthians 15:48-49; σώματα (v. Lft., Col., 376), 1 Corinthians 15:40; βασιλεία , 2 Timothy 4:18; παπρίς , Hebrews 11:16; Ἱερουσαλήμ , Hebrews 12:22; κλῆσις (cf. Lft. on Philippians 3:14), Hebrews 3:1; τὰ ἐ ., Hebrews 8:5; Hebrews 9:23; opp. to ἐπίγειος , John 3:12; id., of the heavenly regions, Ephesians 1:3; Ephesians 1:20; Ephesians 2:6; Ephesians 3:10; Ephesians 6:12; ἡ δωρεὰ ἡ ἐ ., Hebrews 6:4 (Cremer, 468).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

That this classical word (Homer, Plato) had survived in Hellenistic Greek outside the NT is shown by its occurrence in the Jewish text of the great Paris magical papyrus, P Par 574.3042 (iii/A.D.) (= Deissmann LAE, p. 252) καὶ σὺ λάλησον ὁποῖον ἐὰν ἦς ἐπεουράνιον ἢ ἀέριον εἴτε ἐπίγειον εἴτε ὑπόγειον ἢ καταχθόνιον —a passage which at once recalls the Pauline usage (Philippians 2:10, Ephesians 2:2, al.), but is not a quotation from the Apostle. ";The papyrus and St. Paul are both using familiar Jewish categories"; (Deissmann ut s. p. 257 n..11). See also Kaibel 261.9 f. (ii/A.D.)—

κεῖται μὲν γαίῃ φθίμενον δέμας, ἡ δὲ δοθεῖσα

ψυχή μοι ναίει δώματ᾽ ἐπουράνια.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έποπα έποπος επουρανια επουρανία επουράνια ἐπουράνια επουρανιοι επουρανίοι ἐπουράνιοι επουρανιοις επουρανίοις ἐπουρανίοις επουρανιον επουρανίον επουράνιον ἐπουράνιον επουρανιος επουρανίος ἐπουράνιος επουρανιου επουρανίου ἐπουρανίου επουρανιω ἐπουρανίῳ επουρανιων επουρανίων ἐπουρανίων epourania epouránia epouranio epouraniō epouranioi epouraníoi epouraníōi epouránioi epouraniois epouraníois epouranion epouraniōn epouraníon epouraníōn epouránion epouranios epouránios epouraniou epouraníou
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