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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #932 - βασιλεία
- royal power, kingship, dominion, rule
- not to be confused with an actual kingdom but rather the right or authority to rule over a kingdom
- of the royal power of Jesus as the triumphant Messiah
- of the royal power and dignity conferred on Christians in the Messiah's kingdom
- a kingdom, the territory subject to the rule of a king
- used in the N.T. to refer to the reign of the Messiah
Ion. βᾰσιλ-ηΐη, ἡ,
1. kingdom, dominion, Hdt. 1.11, etc.; παιδὸς ἡ β. Heraclit. 52; hereditary monarchy, opp. τυραννίς, ἐπὶ ῥητοῖς γέρασι πατρικαὶ β. Th. 1.13; βασιλείας εἴδη τέτταρα Arist. Pol. 1285b20; ἡ πρώτη πολιτεία μετὰ τὰς β. after the age of monarchies, ib. 1297b17: metaph., ἐποίησεν ἡμᾶς β. Revelation 1:6; β. τῶν οὐρανῶν Matthew 3:2; τοῦ θεοῦ ib. 6.33, etc.
2. kingly office, β. καὶ στρατηγία Arist. Pol. 1273a37.
3. at Athens, the office of the archon βασιλεύς, Paus. 1.3.1.
4. Pass., being ruled by a king, τῆς ὑπ' ἐκείνου βασιλείας Isoc. 9.43.
II diadem, D.S. 1.47, OGI 90.43 (Rosetta).
III reign, ib.331.40 (Pergam.), D.S. 17.1, POxy. 1257.7 (iii A. D.); so αἱ β. the reigns of the Kings, title of book of VT; accession to the throne, BGU 646.12 (ii A. D.). concrete, His Majesty, LXX 4 Ki. 11.1, 1 Maccabees 6:47.
βᾰσίλ-ειᾰ [ ῐ], ἡ,
basile/a Pi. N. 1.39: fem. of βασιλεύς: —
queen, princess, Od. 4.770, A. Ag. 84 (lyr.), Hdt. 1.11, etc.; of goddesses, Κύπρις β. Emp. 128.3, cf. Hymn.Isa I, etc.; β. θεά Ar. Pax 974; β. γύναι A. Pers. 623 (lyr.), E. El. 988 (lyr.).
βασιλεία , -ας , ἡ ,
(< βασιλεύω ),
1. prop, abstract, sovereignty, royal power, dominion: Luke 1:33; Luke 22:29, John 18:36, Acts 1:6, Hebrews 1:8, 1 Corinthians 15:24; λαβεῖν β ., Luke 19:13; Luke 19:15, Revelation 17:12; δοῦναι τὴν β ., Revelation 17:17; ἔχειν β ., Revelation 17:18; ἔρχεσθαι ἐν τ . (εἰς τὴν ) β ., Matthew 16:28, Luke 23:42; β . β . τ . θεοῦ , Revelation 12:10.
2. By meton., concrete (MM, Exp., x),
(a) a kingdom, the territory or people over whom the king rules (Ezra 5:3, al.): Matthew 4:8; Matthew 12:25-26; Matthew 24:7, Mark 3:24; Mark 6:23, Luke 4:5, Hebrews 11:33, al.;
(b) the royal majesty (cf. our phrase His Majesty), the king himself (τ . σπέρμα τῆς β ., 2 Kings 11:1).
3. In LXX (Wisdom of Solomon 6:5, Tobit 13:1, al.), Targ. and NT, of the Messianic rule and kingdom, ἡ β . τ . θεοῦ , τ . οὐρανῶν (Heb. H8064 H4438, Aram. מַלְכוּתָא דִשׁמַיָּא ; v. Dalman, Words, 91-147; Cremer, 132, 658), the kingdom of God (on the equivalence of the two phrases, v. Dalman, op. cit., 93, 218 f.); τ . θεοῦ , Matthew 6:33; Matthew 12:28, al.; τ . οὐρανῶν , Matthew 3:2; Matthew 4:17, al.; τ . Χριστοῦ (דִמְשִׁיהא H4438, Targ. Jon. on Isaiah 53:10), Ephesians 5:5; τ . κυρίου , 2 Peter 1:11, Revelation 11:15; τ . Δαυείδ , Mark 11:10; absol., ἡ β ., Matthew 4:23, James 2:5, al. The kingdom is regarded as present: Matthew 11:12, Luke 17:21, Romans 14:17, al.; as that which is to be consummated in the future, Matthew 6:10, Mark 9:1, John 3:5, 2 Peter 1:11, al. Noteworthy phrases are: ζητεῖν τὴν β ., Matthew 6:33; δέχεσθαι , Mark 10:15; κληρονομεῖν , Matthew 25:34; διδόναι , Luke 12:32; παραλαμβάνειν , Hebrews 12:28; αὐτῶν (τοιούτων ) ἐστὶν ἡ β ., Matthew 5:3; Matthew 5:10; Matthew 19:14, Mark 10:14, Luke 18:16; διὰ τὴν β ., Matthew 19:12; ἕνεκεν τῆς β ., Luke 18:29; εὐαγγελίζεσθαι , κηρύσσειν , διαγγέλλειν τὴν β ., Luke 4:43; Luke 9:2; Luke 9:60; ἤυγγικεν ἡ β ., Matthew 3:2, Mark 1:15; κλεῖς τῆς β ., Matthew 16:19; κλείειν τὴν β ., Matthew 23:14; υἱοὶ τῆς β ., Matthew 8:12; Matthew 13:38 (cf. Cremer, 132, 658).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
As kingship or sovranty in the abstract is necessarily the root meaning of this word, it is easy to see how the passage into the concrete could either be on the lines of our dominion (cf. ";our Sovereign and his dominions";), or follow the outward and visible sign of royalty. All these three meanings are fully illustrated from the inscriptions by Dittenberger in the Index to OGIS, e.g. (1) 331.40 (ii/B.C. ι ̅η ἔτει τῆς ἐκεῖνου βασιλεῖας , (2) 248.15 (ii/B.C.) μέχρι τῶν ὁρίων τῆς ἰδίας βασιλείας , and (3) 90.43 (Rosetta Stone, B.C. 196) τὰς τοῦ βασιλέως χρυσᾶς βασιλείας δέκα . It is possible that some passages in the NT might gain in force if this last meaning ";a sign of royalty"; were substituted for ";royalty"; in the abstract—one might compare the line taken by the Revisers with ἐξουσία in 1 Corinthians 11:10. But it may be doubted whether the change can be made very plausible in any case.
For β . in its original sense we may cite from the papyri P Par 61.6 (B.C. 156) πάντας τοὺς ὑπὸ τὴν βασιλείαν δικαιοδοτεῖσθαι , P Tor I. 1vii. 14 (B.C. 114) τῶν μεγίστων βασιλέων ἀπολελυκότων τοὺς ὑπὸ τὴν βασιλείαν πάντας αἰτιῶν πασῶν . For the sense ";reign"; see P Oxy X. 1257.7 (iii/A.D.) ἐπὶ τοῦ (ἔτους ) α ̄ ἔτους τῆς εὐτυχαιστάτης ταῦτης βασιλεῖας . Deissmann BS, p. 361 f., compares with τὴν αἰώνιον βασιλείαν τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν καὶ σωτῆρος (2 Peter 1:11) the phrase ἐπὶ ] τῆς τῶν κυρίων Ῥωμαίων αἰωνίου ἀρχῆς in the decree of Stratonicea (CIG II. no. 2715a, b).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany