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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

What

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* Notes: (1) Most frequently this is a translation of some form of the relative pronoun hos or the interrogative tis. (2) Other words are (a) hoios, "of what kind," e.g., 2 Corinthians 10:11 , RV (AV, "such as"); 1 Thessalonians 1:5 , "what manner of men;" 2 Timothy 3:11 (twice), lit., "what sorts of things," "what sorts of persecutions;" (b) poios, "what sort of," e.g., Matthew 21:23,24,27 ; 24:42,43 ; Luke 5:19 ; 6:32-34 ; 20:2,8 ; 24:19 ; John 12:33 , "what manner of;" so in John 18:32 ; 21:19 ; Romans 3:27 ; 1 Corinthians 15:35 ; in James 4:14 , "what;" 1 Peter 2:20 ; Revelation 3:3 (ditto); 1 Peter 1:11 , "what manner of;" (c) hopoios, "what sort of," 1 Corinthians 3:13 ; "what manner of," 1 Thessalonians 1:9 ; (d) hosos, "how great," Mark 6:30 (twice), RV, "whatsoever;" Acts 15:12 ; Romans 3:19 , "what things soever;" Jude 1:10 (1st part), "whatsoever things," RV; (2nd part) "what;" (e) posos, "how great, how much," 2 Corinthians 7:11 , "what (earnest care)," RV (posos here stands for the repeated words in the Eng. versions, the adjective not being repeated in the original); (f) hostis, "what (things)," Philippians 3:7 ; (g) in Matthew 26:40 , houtos, "thus, so," is used as an exclamatory expression, translated "What" (in a word immediately addressed by the Lord to Peter), lit., "So;" (h) for potapos, rendered "what" in Mark 13:1 (2nd part), AV, see MANNER; (i) in 1 Corinthians 6:16,19 , AV, the particle e, "or" (RV), is rendered "What?;" in 1 Corinthians 14:36 , AV and RV, "what?" (j) in 1 Corinthians 11:22 , gar, "in truth, indeed," has its exclamatory use "What?" (3) In John 5:19 "but what" translates a phrase, lit., "if not anything." (4) In Matthew 8:33 "what" is, lit., "the things" (neuter plural of the article).


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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'What'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/w/what.html. 1940.

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