corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.20.02.16
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Palm (of the Hand)

Resource Toolbox
Additional Links

palm ( כּף , kaph ): The Hebrew word which is used in a variety of senses (see HAND ; PAW ) is usually translated "hand" in English Versions of the Bible, but the translation "palm" is found in 5 passages of the Old Testament, in 3 of which the Hebrew text adds the word יד , yādh ("hand," 1 Samuel 5:4 ; 2 Kings 9:35 ; Daniel 10:10 ). It would properly mean the "hollow hand" (root kāphaph , "to bend," "to curve"), which receives or grasps things. It is therefore used in reference to filling the priest's hands with sacrificial portions (Leviticus 14:15 , Leviticus 14:26 ). The palms of the hands of Dagon are mentioned as cut off, when the idol was found mutilated in the presence of the ark of Yahweh (1 Samuel 5:4 ), from which may be inferred that this idol probably was represented with hands spread out in blessing, as we find in numerous Babylonian representations of divinities.

In a beautiful metaphor God answers the repentant people of Jerusalem, who thought Yahweh had forgotten and forsaken them: "Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of my hands" (Isaiah 49:16 ; see also Ecclesiasticus 18:3). Daniel is touched upon the palms of his hands to wake him from sleep (Daniel 10:10 ).

In the New Testament we find the phrase, "to smite with the palms of the hands," as a translation of the Greek verb ῥαπίζω , rhapı́zō ( Matthew 26:67 ; see also Matthew 5:39 and Septuagint Hosea 11:4 ; 1 Esdras 4:30), and, derived from the same verb, ῥάπισμα , rhápisma , a blow of the palm on the cheek, etc. (Mark 14:65 ; John 18:22 ; John 19:3 , where, however, in English Versions of the Bible the word "palm" has not been given). The marginal translation "to smite or strike with rods" (Matthew 26:67 ; John 18:22 ; John 19:3 ) and "strokes of rods" (Mark 14:65 margin) does not seem to be applicable to the Greek text of the Old Testament and New Testament, while it is a frequent meaning of the words in classical language. It would therefore be better to eliminate these marginal additions.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and were generously provided by the folks at WordSearch Software.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Palm (of the Hand)'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/isb/p/palm-of-the-hand.html. 1915.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, February 16th, 2020
the Sixth Sunday after Epiphany
There are 56 days til Easter!
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

 
Prev Entry
Pallu; Palluites
Next Entry
Palm Tree
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology