Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3709 - כַּף
1) palm, hand, sole, palm of the hand, hollow or flat of the hand
1a) palm, hollow or flat of the hand
1c) sole (of the foot)
1d) hollow, objects, bending objects, bent objects
1d1) of thigh-joint
1d2) pan, vessel (as hollow)
1d3) hollow (of sling)
1d4) hand-shaped branches or fronds (of palm trees)
1d5) handles (as bent)
1247) pk (כפ KP) AC: Press CO: Palm AB: Tame: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand, the p is a picture of an open mouth. Combined these mean "palm open". The curved shape of the open palm. (eng: cap - as a bowl shaped covering; cuff - as at the palm)
Nf) pk (כפ KP) - Palm: Also the sole of the feet or other palm shaped object such as a spoon. KJV (193): hand, spoon, sole, palm, hollow, handful, apiece, branch, cloud - Strongs: H3709 (כַּף), H3710 (כֵּף)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
כַּף f. with suff. that which is curved, or hollow, from כָּפַף.
(1) the hollow of the hand, the palm, more rarely the whole hand. Deuteronomy 25:12, “thou shalt cut off her hand” (see כַּפּוֹת), [Arabic كَفُّ, Syriac ܟܰܦܬܳܐ]; used of the foot of animals (as of a bear) when resembling a hand; Leviticus 11:27. The phrases especially to be observed are
(a) מִכַּף פּ׳ out of the hand of any one, often after verbs of freeing, like מְיַּד 1 Samuel 4:3; 2 Samuel 14:16.
(b) Judges 12:3, וָאָשִׂימָה נַפְשִׁי בְנַפִּי “I put my life in my hand,” i.e. I exposed myself to most imminent danger, since what we bear in our hands may easily be dropped or cast away; and thus the idea is conveyed of want of safety. 1 Samuel 19:5, 28:21 Job 13:14, compare Psalms 119:109. By the same proverb, Xenarchus ap. Athenæum (Deipnosoph. xiii. p. 569 C), ἐν τῇ χειρὶ τὴν ψυχὴν ἔχων; and the Danes say of a man whose life is in danger, at gaae med Livet i Henderne, i.e. “to bear one’s life in one’s hands.”
(c) תָּמָס בְּכַפַּי wrong is in my hands, I have committed wrong. Job 16:17, 31:7 Isaiah 59:6; Jonah 3:8.
(d) הִכָּה כַף, תָּקַע כַּף, מָחָא כַף to clap the hands, see under the respective verbs.
Dual כַּפַּיִם with suff. כַּפַּי, כַּפֶּיךָ, etc. both hands, Job 36:32 often also used for the plural.
Pl. כַּפּוֹת the palms of the hands, Daniel 10:10, used of hands when cut off and dead (see Lehrg. p. 539, 540), 1 Samuel 5:4; 2 Kings 9:35, elsewhere i.q. יָדוֹת the handles of a bolt, Song of Solomon 5:5.
(2) followed by רֶגֶל the sole of the foot, Deuteronomy 2:5, 11:24 28:65, מָנוֹחַ לְכַף־רַגְלֶךָ “rest for the sole of thy foot;” used of a quiet dwelling place, compare Genesis 8:9.-Pl. כַּפּוֹת soles, Joshua 3:13, 4:18 Isaiah 60:14, followed by פַּעַם; 2 Kings 19:24.
(3) a hollow vessel, a pan, a bowl, pl. כַּפּוֹת Exodus 25:29; Numbers 7:84, 86. Hence כַּף־הַקֶּלַע, the hollow of a sling; 1 Samuel 25:29, כַּף־הַיָרֵךְ, the socket of the hip or thigh; Genesis 32:26, 33 Ge3 2:33.
(4) כַּפּוֹת תְּמָרִים Levit. 23:40, palms, palm branches, so called from their bent or curved form (see כִּפָּה ).
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