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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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One of the five principal cities of the Philistines (Joshua 13:3 1Samuel 6:17 ). The name occurs in the El-Amarna tablets as "Gimta," "Gimti," "Ginti" in the Egyptian inscriptions as "Kutu." Goliath came from this city (1Samuel 17 ). David took refuge with King Achish of Gath (1Samuel 21:10 , 27:2 ). According to 2Chronicles 11:8 , Rehoboam fortified the city, which, however, must have fallen into the hands of the Philistines again, for Uzziah conquered it (2Chronicles 26:6 ). Previous to that Gath was taken by the Syrian king Hazael (IIKings 12:18). According to an Assyrian inscription, Sargon took Gath among other Philistine cities (comp. Amos 6:2 Micah 1:14 ).

E. G. H. F. Bu.
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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Gath'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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