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The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia
One of the five principal cities of the Philistines (Joshua 13:3; 1 Samuel 6:17). The name occurs in the El-Amarna tablets as "Gimta," "Gimti," "Ginti"; in the Egyptian inscriptions as "Kutu." Goliath came from this city (1 Samuel 17). David took refuge with King Achish of Gath ( 21:10, 27:2). According to 2 Chronicles 11:8, Rehoboam fortified the city, which, however, must have fallen into the hands of the Philistines again, for Uzziah conquered it (2 Chronicles 26:6). Previous to that Gath was taken by the Syrian king Hazael (2 Kings 12:18). According to an Assyrian inscription, Sargon took Gath among other Philistine cities (comp. Amos 6:2; Micah 1:14).
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Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Gath'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/g/gath.html. 1901.