Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #02820 - חָשַׂךְ

Transliteration
châśak
Phonetics
khaw-sak'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
765
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to withhold, restrain, hold back, keep in check, refrain

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to withhold, keep back, keep for oneself, keep from, hold in check, refrain, spare, reserve

1a2) to restrain, check

1b) (Niphal) to assuage, be spared

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4046 ‑ περιποιέω (per‑ee‑poy‑eh'‑om‑ahee);  606 ‑ ἀπόκειμαι (ap‑ok'‑i‑mahee);  4863 ‑ συνάγω (soon‑ag'‑o);  5339 ‑ φείδομαι (fi'‑dom‑ahee);  2893 ‑ κουφίζω (koo‑fid'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (27)
Genesis
4
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
2 Kings
1
Ezra
1
Job
7
Psalms
2
Proverbs
6
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
1
NAS (33)
Genesis
4
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
2 Kings
1
Ezra
1
Job
8
Psalms
3
Proverbs
8
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
2
HCS (27)
Genesis
4
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
2 Kings
1
Ezra
1
Job
7
Psalms
2
Proverbs
6
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
1
BSB (27)
Genesis
4
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
2 Kings
1
Ezra
1
Job
7
Psalms
2
Proverbs
6
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
1
ESV (25)
Genesis
4
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
2 Kings
1
Ezra
1
Job
7
Psalms
2
Proverbs
5
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
1
WEB (26)
Genesis
4
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
2 Kings
1
Ezra
1
Job
7
Psalms
2
Proverbs
5
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2182) kxh (ההסכ HhSK) AC: Withhold CO: ? AB: ?: [from: kx- keeping something covered]

V) kxh (ההסכ HhSK) - Withhold: To hold something back. [df: KVx] KJV (28): (vf: Paal, Niphal) spare, keep, withhold, refrain, asswage, reserve, forbear, hinder, punish - Strongs: H2820 (חָשַׂךְ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָשַׂךְ fut. יַחְשׂךְ

(1)  to restrain, to hold in. (Syr. and Chald. חֲסַךְ, ܚܣܰܟ id. A kindred root is חָזַק.) 2 Samuel 18:16, “Joab restrained the people” from pursuing. Proverbs 10:19, חֹשֵׂךְ שְׂפָתָיו “he who restrains his lips.” Job 7:11, 16:5 Isaiah 58:1, “cry aloud (with the throat), אַל־תַּחְשׂוֹךְ keep not back (thy throat or mouth).” Followed by מִן to restrain from something, Genesis 20:6; 1 Samuel 25:39; 2 Samuel 18:16.

Hence

(2) to preserve, to keep safely from something, Proverbs 24:11; Psalms 78:50; Job 33:18 and

(3) to withhold something from any one, i.e. to deny it to him; followed by מִן of the person, and acc. of the thing, Genesis 39:9, 22:12 but verse 16 Genesis 39:16 without מִן of person.

(4) to spare, to be sparing of

(a) things (Germ. fparen). Proverbs 13:24, “he who spares the rod hates his son;” 11:24 21:26.

(b) men (Germ. fchonen). Isaiah 14:6; 2 Kings 5:20. Followed by לְ to reserve for something (für etwas auffparen), Job 38:23.

Niphal

(1) to be restrained, pass. of No. 1, Job 16:6.

(2) pass. of No. 4, to be reserved for any thing, Job 21:30.

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List of Word Forms
אֶחֱשָׂ֫ךְ אחשך וְחֹשֵׂ֖ךְ וְחוֹשֵׂ֥ךְ וָאֶחְשֹׂ֧ךְ ואחשך וחושך וחשך חֲשֹׂ֬ךְ חָ֥שְׂכוּ חָשַׂ֖כְתָּ חָשַׂ֛כְתָּ חָשַׂ֣ךְ חָשַׂ֤ךְ חָשַׂ֤כְתָּֽ חָשַׂ֥ךְ חָשַׂ֥כְתִּי חָשָֽׂךְ׃ חָשָׂ֑כוּ חוֹשֵׂ֣ךְ חושך חשך חשך׃ חשכו חשכת חשכתי יֵחָ֣שֶׂךְ יֵחָשֵׂ֣ךְ יַחְשֹֽׂךְ׃ יַחְשֹׂ֣ךְ יחשך יחשך׃ תַּחְשֹׂ֑כִי תַּחְשֹׂ֔ךְ תַּחְשֽׂוֹךְ׃ תחשוך׃ תחשך תחשכי ’e·ḥĕ·śāḵ ’eḥĕśāḵ chaSach chaSachta chaSachti chaSachu Chasechu chaSoch choSech echeSach ḥā·śā·ḵū ḥā·śaḵ ḥā·śāḵ ḥā·śaḵ·tā ḥā·śaḵ·tî ḥā·śə·ḵū ḥă·śōḵ ḥāśaḵ ḥāśāḵ ḥāśaḵtā ḥāśaḵtî ḥāśāḵū ḥāśəḵū ḥăśōḵ ḥō·w·śêḵ ḥōwśêḵ tachSoch tachSochi taḥ·śō·ḵî taḥ·śō·wḵ taḥ·śōḵ taḥśōḵ taḥśōḵî taḥśōwḵ vaechSoch vechoSech wā’eḥśōḵ wā·’eḥ·śōḵ wə·ḥō·śêḵ wə·ḥō·w·śêḵ wəḥōśêḵ wəḥōwśêḵ yachSoch yaḥ·śōḵ yaḥśōḵ yê·ḥā·śeḵ yê·ḥā·śêḵ yechaSech yêḥāśeḵ yêḥāśêḵ
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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חָשַׁךְ