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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2973 - יָאַל

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to be foolish, become fools, act foolishly, show wicked folly

1a) (Niphal)

1a1) to show wicked folly

1a2) to become fools

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 50 ‑ ἀγνοέω (ag‑no‑eh'‑o);  1410 ‑ δύναμαι (doo'‑nam‑ahee);  1587 ‑ ἐκλείπω (ek‑li'‑po);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Numbers 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
NAS (7)
Numbers 2
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 3
HCS (4)
Numbers 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
BSB (4)
Numbers 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
ESV (3)
Numbers 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 1
WEB (4)
Numbers 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1254) al (לא LA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Without: To be without anything such as nothing. Related to el. Apparently an opposite of la.

A) al (לא LA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Nothing

Nm ) al (לא LA) - Nothing: To be without, to not be. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: la hl] KJV (97): never, nay, no, none, nor, not, nothing, rather, whither, without, neither, none - Strongs: H408 (אַל), H409 (אַל), H3809 (לָה)

rm ) fal (לאו LAW) - But: As an alternative, to have what you are without. [df: wla] KJV (2): but, though - Strongs: H432 (אִלּוּ)

B) aal (לאא LAA) AC: ? CO: Idol AB: Worthless

bm ) aial (לאיא LAYA) - I. Idol:A god without power. II. Worthless:[df: lyla]KJV (20): idol, image, no value, nought - Strongs: H457 (אֱלִיל)

dm ) afal (לאוא LAWA) - Worthless: [df: lwla] KJV (1): nought - Strongs: H434 (אֱלוּל)

fm ) iaal (לאאי LAAY) - Worthless: [df: ylla] KJV (2): woe - Strongs: H480 (אַלְלַי)

om ) aafl (לואא LWAA) - Not: [df: alwl ylwl] KJV (14): except, unless, if, not - Strongs: H3884 (לוּלֵי)

J) afl (לוא LWA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Foolish

Nm ) afl (לוא LWA) - I. If:To have what you are without. [df: hl wl]II. Not: [df: hl]KJV (98): if, would, that, oh, peradventure, pray, though - Strongs: H3808 (לוֹא), H3863 (לֻא)

Nf2 ) tafl (לואת LWAT) - Foolishness: To be without wisdom. [df: tlwa] KJV (25): folly, foolishness, foolish, foolishly - Strongs: H200 (אִוֶּלֶת)

bm ) aifl (לויא LWYA) - Foolish: One without wisdom. [df: lywa] KJV (26): fool, foolish - Strongs: H191 (אֱוִיל)

fm ) iafl (לואי LWAY) - I. If:To have what you are without. [df: ylwa yla]II. Foolish:To be without wisdom. [df: ylwa]KJV (12): if, may, peradventure, unless - Strongs: H194 (אֻלַי), H196 (אֱוִלִי)

pm ) mafl (לואמ LWAM) - But: On the contrary, A desirous outcome. [df: Mlwa] KJV (19): but, truly, surely, very, howbeit, wherefore, truly - Strongs: H199 (אוּלָם)

L) ali (ילא YLA) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Foolish

V) ali (ילא YLA) - Foolish: To be without wisdom. [df: lay] KJV (4): (vf: Niphal) foolishly, fool, foolish, dote - Strongs: H2973 (יָאַל)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [יָאַל] verb be foolish (compare I. אול) —

Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine plural נוֺאֲלוּ Isaiah 19:3; Jeremiah 5:4; וְנֹאָ֑לוּ Jeremiah 50:36; 1 plural נוֺאַלְנוּ Numbers 12:11; — do or act foolishly:

1 shew wicked folly = sin חַטָּאתאֲשֶׁר נוֺאַלְנוּ וַאֲשֶׁר חָטָאנוּ Numbers 12:11 (J); in Jeremiah 5:4 an exhibition of this folly is ascribed to ignorance.

2 become fools, lacking insight and judgment: נוֺאֲלוּ שְׂרֵי צֹעַן Isaiah 19:13 the princes of Zoan have become fools ("" נִשְּׁאוּ שָׂרֵי נֹף, and, in Isaiah 19:11 אֱוִילִיםשָׂרֵי צֹעַן, etc.); חֶדֶב אֶלהַֿבַּדִּים וְנֹאָ֑לוּ Jeremiah 50:36 a sword is against the praters, and they shall become fools — be shewn up as such ("" חָֽתּוּ ׃).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

יָאַל prop. וָאַל unused in Kal, to be foolish, i.q. אָוַל which see. [“The primary idea appears to be that of perverseness, i.q. עָוַל.”]

Niphal נוֹאַלּ to be foolish, Numbers 12:11; Jeremiah 5:4 to act as a fool, Isaiah 19:13. Jeremiah 50:36, חֶרֶב אֶל־הַבַּדִּים וְנֹאָלוּ “the sword (is) upon the lying (prophets), and they shall act as fools” (comp. הוֹלֵל Job 12:17; Isaiah 44:25).


יָאַל unused in Kal, kindred to אוּל, אִיל Arab. أَوِلَ to go before, to be first. [In Thes. the meaning of this root is given “properly to will, to wish.”]

Hiphil הוֹאִיל to begin [“to wish, to will,” Thes.], Deuteronomy 1:5; Hosea 5:11; Joshua 17:12, וַיּוֹאֶל הַכְּנַעֲנִי לָשֶׁבֶת בָּאָרֶץ “and the Canaanites began to dwell together (to set their feet) in the land.” Judges 1:27, 35 Judges 1:35. Sometimes it is used with a more emphatic sense, to undertake, to endeavour, Genesis 18:27, 31 Genesis 18:31 also of him who yields to the prayers of others, and does something, to be willing, to be pleased to do something, Judges 17:11, 19:6, הוֹאֶלּ־נָא וְלִין “be content now, and lodge.” Exodus 2:21; 2 Samuel 7:29; 2 Kings 5:23; Job 6:9, 28 Job 6:28. Construed with a gerund after it, Joshua 17:12; Judges 1:35 or with a finite verb sometimes joined by a conjunction (Judges 19:6 ), sometimes without one, ἀσυνδετῶς (Deuteronomy 1:5; Hosea 5:11). [Note in Ges. add. all these passages are referred to the idea of to will, to wish, either in the sense of undertaking what is wished, as Genesis 18:27, 31 Genesis 18:31; Joshua 17:12; Judges 1:27, 35 Judges 1:35; 1 Samuel 17:39 or in the sense of being willing to yield to another, as Job 6:28; 2 Kings 6:3.]

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List of Word Forms
וְנֹאָ֑לוּ ונאלו נֽוֹאֲלוּ֙ נוֹאֲל֕וּ נוֹאַ֖לְנוּ נואלו נואלנו nō·w·’ă·lū nō·w·’al·nū noAlnu noaLu nōw’alnū nōw’ălū venoAlu wə·nō·’ā·lū wənō’ālū
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