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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3962 - πατήρ

Transliteration
patḗr
Phonetics
pat-ayr'  
Word Origin
apparently a root word
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
5:945,805
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. generator or male ancestor
    1. either the nearest ancestor: father of the corporeal nature, natural fathers, both parents
    2. a more remote ancestor, the founder of a family or tribe, progenitor of a people, forefather: so Abraham is called, Jacob and David
      1. fathers i.e. ancestors, forefathers, founders of a nation
    3. one advanced in years, a senior
  2. metaph.
    1. the originator and transmitter of anything
      1. the authors of a family or society of persons animated by the same spirit as himself
      2. one who has infused his own spirit into others, who actuates and governs their minds
    2. one who stands in a father's place and looks after another in a paternal way
    3. a title of honour
      1. teachers, as those to whom pupils trace back the knowledge and training they have received
      2. the members of the Sanhedrin, whose prerogative it was by virtue of the wisdom and experience in which they excelled, to take charge of the interests of others
  3. God is called the Father
    1. of the stars, the heavenly luminaries, because he is their creator, upholder, ruler
    2. of all rational and intelligent beings, whether angels or men, because he is their creator, preserver, guardian and protector
      1. of spiritual beings and of all men
    3. of Christians, as those who through Christ have been exalted to a specially close and intimate relationship with God, and who no longer dread him as a stern judge of sinners, but revere him as their reconciled and loving Father
    4. the Father of Jesus Christ, as one whom God has united to himself in the closest bond of love and intimacy, made acquainted with his purposes, appointed to explain and carry out among men the plan of salvation, and made to share also in his own divine nature
      1. by Jesus Christ himself
      2. by the apostles
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1 ‑ אָב (awb);  1730 ‑ דֹּד (dode, dode);  1733 ‑ דּוֹדָה (do‑daw');  7223 ‑ רִאשֹׁן (ree‑shone', ree‑shone');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (418) NAS (415) HCS (414)
Matthew 57
Mark 18
Luke 47
John 115
Acts 33
Romans 14
1 Corinthians 6
2 Corinthians 4
Galatians 5
Ephesians 11
Philippians 4
Colossians 6
1 Thessalonians 5
2 Thessalonians 3
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
Philemon 1
Hebrews 8
James 4
1 Peter 3
2 Peter 2
1 John 13
2 John 3
Jude 1
Revelation 5
Matthew 57
Mark 18
Luke 48
John 111
Acts 33
Romans 13
1 Corinthians 6
2 Corinthians 4
Galatians 5
Ephesians 11
Philippians 4
Colossians 5
1 Thessalonians 5
2 Thessalonians 3
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
Philemon 1
Hebrews 8
James 4
1 Peter 3
2 Peter 2
1 John 12
2 John 3
Jude 1
Revelation 5
Matthew 63
Mark 18
Luke 56
John 136
Acts 35
Romans 15
1 Corinthians 6
2 Corinthians 5
Galatians 5
Ephesians 11
Philippians 4
Colossians 5
1 Thessalonians 5
2 Thessalonians 3
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
Philemon 1
Hebrews 9
James 4
1 Peter 3
2 Peter 2
1 John 14
2 John 4
Jude 1
Revelation 5
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 13
N-ASM 97
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 33
N-GPM 14
N-GSM 101
N-NPM 20
N-NSM 110
N-VPM 4
N-VSM 24
N-APM 12
N-ASM 94
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 33
N-GPM 14
N-GSM 100
N-NPM 20
N-NSM 109
N-VPM 4
N-VSM 20
N-APM 13
N-ASM 96
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 33
N-GPM 14
N-GSM 101
N-NPM 20
N-NSM 111
N-VPM 4
N-VSM 24
NA WH
A-NPM 1
N-APM 12
N-ASM 91
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 33
N-GPM 13
N-GSM 98
N-NPM 17
N-NSM 109
N-VPM 6
N-VSM 16
P-DS 2
P-DSM 1
T-ASM 3
T-GPM 1
T-GSM 1
T-NPM 1
T-VSM 1
V-PAPNSM 1
N-APM 15
N-ASM 95
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 34
N-GPM 14
N-GSM 106
N-NPM 22
N-NSM 122
N-VPM 5
N-VSM 24


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πᾰτήρ, ὁ,

gen. and dat. πατέρος, πατέρι in and Lyr., Att. πατρός, πατρί (which is also the commoner form in Hom., Hes., and Pi.); acc. always πατέρα; voc. πάτερ: pl. πατέρες, πατέρας, πατέρων (πατρῶν only Od. 4.687, 8.245); dat. πατράσι [] (cf. Skt. loc. pl. pit[snull ]u, no dat. pl. occurs in Hom. or Hes.), late πατέρεσσι Q.S. 10.40:

father, Il. 1.98, etc.; πατρὸς πατήρ grandfather, 14.118, Od. 19.180, X. HG 6.3.4, etc.; τοῦδε κεκλῆσθαι πατρός S. Fr. 86; μητρὸς καλεῖσθαι παῖδα τοῦ π. παρόν ib. 564; τὰ πρὸς πατρός by the father's side, Hdt. 7.99, cf. SIG 1015.7 (Halic.), etc.; esp. of God, the father of the Israelites, LXX De. 32.6, al.; father of men, Matthew 6:8, al.; father of Jesus Christ, ib. 7.21,al. II esp. as epith. of Zeus, πατὴρ Ζεύς, π. Κρονίδης, π. ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε, Il. 4.235, 21.508, 1.544, al.; Ζεὺς π. A. Th. 512, etc.; Ζεῦ πάτερ καὶ θεοί Ar. Ach. 225; π. Οὐρανιδᾶν Ζ. Pi. P. 4.194; ὁ τῶν ἁπάντων Ζεὺς π. 'ολύμπιος S. Tr. 275, etc. III respectful mode of addressing persons older than oneself, ξεὶνε πάτερ Od. 7.28, 48, 8.145, cf. POxy. 1296.15 (iii A. D.), etc.; in addressing an elder brother, UPZ 65.3 (ii B.C.). metaph., father, author, ἀοιδᾶν π... εὐαίνητος 'ορφεύς Pi. P. 4.176; Χρόνος ὁ πάντων π. Id. O. 2.17, cf. Pl. Ti. 41a; τοῦ λόγου π. Id. Smp. 177d, cf. Phdr. 257b, etc.; ὁ π. τῶν φώτων, i.e. God, the father of the stars, Ephesians 1:17; οἱ π. τῶν ἀτόμων the authors of the atomic theory, Gal. 1.246; of capital, τοῦ πατρὸς ἐκγόνους τόκους Pl. R. 555e. title of a grade in the mysteries of Mithras, IG 14.1272, etc. π. πατρίδος, = Lat. pater patriae, Plu. Cic. 23, BGU 1074.1 (i A. D.), IG 7.2713.33 (Acraeph., i A. D.), etc.; similarly, π. τῆς πόλεως ib.5(1).1417.11 (Methone). in pl., 1 forefathers, Il. 6.209, etc.; ἐξέτι πατρῶν from our fathers' time, Od. 8.245; ἐκ πατέρων Pi. P. 8.45.

2. parents, D.S. 21.17, Alciphr. 3.40, Epigr.Gr. 227 (Teos).

3. parentnation, opp. colonists, Hdt. 7.51, 8.22, Plu. Them. 9. (Cf. Skt. pitár -, Lat. pater, etc.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πατήρ (from the root, pa; literally, nourisher, protector, upholder; (Curtius, § 348)), πατρός, πατρί, πατέρα, vocative πάτερ (for which the nominative πατήρ is five times used, and (anarthrous) πατήρ in John 17:21 T Tr WH, 24 and 25 L T Tr WH; cf. B. § 129, 5; Winers Grammar, § 29, 2; WH's Appendix, p. 158), plural πατέρες, πατέρων, πατρασι (Hebrews 1:1), πατέρας, (from Homer down), the Sept. for אָב, a father;

1. properly, equivalent to generator or male ancestor, and either a. the nearest ancestor: Matthew 2:22; Matthew 4:21; Matthew 8:21; Luke 1:17; John 4:53; Acts 7:14; 1 Corinthians 5:1, etc.; οἱ πατέρες τῆς σαρκός, fathers of the corporeal nature, natural fathers (opposed to πατήρ τῶν πνευμάτων), Hebrews 12:9; plural of both parents, Hebrews 11:23 (not infrequent in secular auth, cf. Delitzsch at the passage); or b. a more remote ancestor, the founder of a race or tribe, progenitor of a people, forefather: so Abraham is called, Matthew 3:9; Luke 1:73; Luke 16:24; John 8:39, 53; Acts 7:2; Romans 4:1 Rec., Romans 4:17f, etc.; Isaac, Romans 9:10; Jacob, John 4:12; David, Mark 11:10; Luke 1:32; plural, fathers i. e. ancestor's, forefathers, Matthew 23:30, 32; Luke 6:23, 26; Luke 11:47; John 4:20; John 6:31; Acts 3:13, 25; 1 Corinthians 10:1, etc., and often in Greek writings from Homer down; so too אָבות, 1 Kings 8:21; Psalm 21:5 (), etc.; in the stricter sense of the founders of a race, John 7:22; Romans 9:5; Romans 11:28.

c. equivalent to one advanced in years, a senior: 1 John 2:13f.

2. metaphorically;

a. the originator and transmitter of anything: πατήρ περιτομῆς, Romans 4:12; the author of a family or society of persons animated by the same spirit as himself: so πατήρ πάντων τῶν πιστευόντων, Romans 4:11, cf. Romans 4:12, 16 (1 Macc. 2:54); one who has infused his own spirit into others, who actuates and governs their minds, John 8:38, 41f, 44; the phrase ἐκ πατρός τίνος εἶναι is used of one who shows himself as like another in spirit and purpose as though he had inherited his nature from him, John 8:44.

b. one who stands in a father's place, and looks after another in paternal way: 1 Corinthians 4:15.

c. a title of honor (cf. Sophocles, Lexicon, under the word), applied to α. teachers, as those to whom pupils trace back the knowledge and training they have received: Matthew 23:9 (of prophets, 2 Kings 2:12; 2 Kings 6:21). β. the members of the Sanhedrin, whose prerogative it was, by virtue of the wisdom and experience in which they excelled, to take charge of the interests of others: Acts 7:2; Acts 22:1; cf. Gesenius, Thesaurus i., p. 7{a}.

3. God is called the Father, a. τῶν φώτων (A. V. of lights i. e.) of the stars, the heavenly luminaries, because he is their creator, upholder, ruler, James 1:17.

b. of all rational and intelligent beings, whether angels or men, because he is their creator, preserver, guardian and protector: Ephesians 3:14f G L T Tr WH; τῶν πνευμάτων, of spiritual beings, Hebrews 12:9; and, for the same reason, of all men (πατήρ τοῦ παντός ἀνθρώπων γένους, Josephus, Antiquities 4, 8, 24): so in the Synoptic Gospels, especially Matthew, Matthew 6:4, 8, 15; Matthew 24:36; Luke 6:36; Luke 11:2; Luke 12:30, 32; John 4:21, 23; James 3:9; πατήρ ἐν (τοῖς) οὐρανοῖς, the Father in heaven, Matthew 5:16, 45, 48; Matthew 6:1, 9; Matthew 7:11, 21; Matthew 18:14; Mark 11:25, 26 R G L; Luke 11:13 (ἐξ οὐρανοῦ; cf. Buttmann, § 151, 2{a}; Winer's Grammar, § 66, 6); πατήρ οὐρανοῖς, the heavenly Father, Matthew 6:14, 26, 32; Matthew 15:13.

c. of Christians, as those who through Christ have been exalted to a specially close and intimate relationship with God, and who no longer dread him as the stern judge of sinners, but revere him as their reconciled and loving Father. This conception, common in the N. T. Epistles, shines forth with especial brightness in Romans 8:15; Galatians 4:6; in John's use of the term it seems to include the additional idea of one who by the power of his Spirit, operative in the gospel, has begotten them anew to a life of holiness (see γεννάω, 2 d.): absolutely, 2 Corinthians 6:18; Ephesians 2:18; 1 John 2:1, 14(),; ; Θεός καί πατήρ πάντων, of all Christians, Ephesians 4:6; with the addition of a genitive of quality (Winer's Grammar, § 34, 3 b.; § 132, 10), πατήρ τῶν οἰκτίρμων, 2 Corinthians 1:3; τῆς δόξης, Ephesians 1:17; on the phrases Θεός καί πατήρ ἡμῶν, Θεός πατήρ, etc., see Θεός, 3, p. 288{a}.

d. the Father of Jesus Christ, as one whom God has united to himself in the closest bond of love and intimacy, made acquainted with his purposes, appointed to explain and carry out among men the plan of salvation, and (as appears from the teaching of John) made to share also in his own divine nature; he is so called, α. by Jesus himself: simply πατήρ (opposed to υἱός), Matthew 11:25-27; Luke 10:21; John 5:20-23, 26, 36; John 10:15, 30, etc.; πατήρ μου, Matthew 11:27; Matthew 25:34; Matthew 26:53; Luke 10:22; John 5:17; John 8:19, 49; John 10:18, 32, and often in John's Gospel; Revelation 2:28 (); ; with ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς added, Matthew 7:11, 21, 32; Matthew 12:50; Matthew 16:17; Matthew 18:10, 19; οὐράνιος, Matthew 15:13; ἐπουράνιος, Matthew 18:35 Rec. β. by the apostles: Romans 15:6; 2 Corinthians 1:3; 2 Corinthians 11:31; Ephesians 1:3; Ephesians 3:14 Rec.: Colossians 1:3; Hebrews 1:5; 1 Peter 1:3; Revelation 1:6. See (Tholuck (Bergrede Christi) on Matthew 6:9; Weiss, Biblical Theol. d. N. T., Index under Vater; C. Wittichen, Die Idee Gottes als d. Vaters (Göttingen, 1865); Westcott, Epistles of St. John, pp. 27-34, and) below in υἱός and τέκνον.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πατήρ , πατρός , -τρί , -τέρα ,

[in LXX chiefly and very freq. for H1;]

a father;

1. prop.,

(a) of the male parent : Matthew 2:22, Luke 1:17, John 4:53; anarth., Hebrews 12:7 (M, Pr., 82 f.); pl., of both parents (cl.), Hebrews 11:23; οἱ Papyri τ . σαρκός , Hebrews 12:9;

(b) of a forefather or ancestor (in cl. usually in pl.; Hom., al.): Matthew 3:9, Luke 1:73, John 8:39, al.; p1., Matthew 23:30; Matthew 23:32, Luke 6:23; Luke 6:26, John 4:20, 1 Corinthians 10:1, al.

2. Metaph.,

(a) of an author, originator, or archetype (= αἴτιος , ἀρχηγός , etc.; Pind., Plat., al.) : John 8:41-44 Hosea 4:11-12; Hosea 4:16;

(b) as a title of respect or honour, used of seniors, teachers and others in a position of responsible authority (Judges 17:10, 2 Kings 2:12, Proverbs 1:8, al.) : Matthew 23:9 Acts 7:2; Acts 22:1; Acts 22:1-30 :1Jn_2:13.

3. Of God (as in cl. of Zeus) as Father;

(a) of created things : τ . φώτων , James 1:17;

(b) of all sentient beings : Ephesians 3:14-15 Hebrews 12:9;

(c) of men, esp. those in covenant relation with Him (freq in OT and later Jewish lit.; v. Dalman, Words, 184 ff.) : Matthew 6:4, Luke 6:36, John 4:21, James 3:9, al.; Papyri ὁ ἐν (τ .) οὐρανοῖς , Matthew 5:16, Mark 11:25; Papyri ὁ οὐράνιος , Matthew 6:14; Matthew 15:13; esp. in the Epp., of Christians : Romans 8:15, 2 Corinthians 6:18, Galatians 4:6, Ephesians 2:18; Ephesians 4:6, 1 John 2:1; c. gen. qual., τ . οἰκτιρμῶν , 2 Corinthians 1:3; τ . δοξῆς , Ephesians 1:17;

(d) of Christ (Dalman, Words, 190 ff.);

(α ) by our Lord himself : Papyri, Matthew 11:25-27, Luke 10:21-22, John 5:20-23 al.; Papyri μου , Matthew 11:27, al.; ὁ ἐν τ . οὐρανοῖς , Matthew 7:11, al.; ὁ οὐράνιος , Matthew 15:13; vocat., John 11:41; John 12:27-28; John 17:1; John 17:5; John 17:11; John 17:20; John 17:25 (cf. Abbott, JG., 96 f.);

(β ) by Apostles: John 1:14 (anarth.; v. M, Pr., l.c.), Romans 15:6, 2 Corinthians 1:3; 2 Corinthians 11:31, Ephesians 1:3, Colossians 1:3, Hebrews 1:5, 1 Peter 1:3, Revelation 1:6 (cf. Westc., Epp. Jo., 27-34).

** προ -πάτωρ , -ορος ,

(< πατήρ ),

[in LXX: 3 Maccabees 2:21 A *;]

a forefather: Romans 4:1.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";turn round,"; ";turn"; (Acts 26:24) : cf. Jos. Antt. IX. 72 (iv. 4) ταῦτα τόν τε Ἰώραμον καὶ τοὺς παρόντας εἰς χαρὰν περιέτρεψε, and Plut. Pyrrh. 7 περιετρέψατο (for ἐτρέψατο, Herwerden Lex.) καὶ κατέβαλε τὸν Πάνταυχον.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
θεοῦ κύριος Πατερ Πάτερ Πατερα Πατέρα πάτερα πατερας πατέρας πατερες πατέρες πατερων πατέρων πατηρ πατήρ πατὴρ πάτηρ πατητού πατράσι πατρασιν πατράσιν πατρι πατρί πατρὶ πατρος πατρός πατρὸς προπατορα προπάτορα Pater patēr patḗr patḕr Páter Patera Patéra pateras patéras pateres patéres pateron paterōn patéron patérōn patrasin patrásin patri patrí patrì patros patrós patròs propatora propátora theou theoû
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