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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3961 - πατέω

Root Word (Etymology)
from a derivative probably of (G3817) (meaning a "path")
Parts of Speech
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  1. to tread
    1. to trample, crush with the feet
    2. to advance by setting foot upon, tread upon: to encounter successfully the greatest perils from the machinations and persecutions with which Satan would fain thwart the preaching of the gospel
    3. to tread under foot, trample on, i.e. to treat with insult and contempt: to desecrate the holy city by devastation and outrage
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 947 ‑ בּוּס (boos);  1758 ‑ דִּישׁ (doosh, dosh, deesh);  1869 ‑ דָּרַךְ (daw‑rak');  1869 ‑ דָּרַךְ (daw‑rak');  1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  7287 ‑ רָדָה (raw‑daw');  7429 ‑ רָמַס (raw‑mas');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Luke 2
Revelation 3
NAS (8)
Luke 3
Revelation 5
CSB (5)
Luke 2
Revelation 3
BSB (5)
Luke 2
Revelation 3
ESV (5)
Luke 2
Revelation 3
WEB (5)
Luke 2
Revelation 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Delph. βᾰτέω Plu. 2.292e; Aeol. μάτημι [] Sapph. 54: (πάτος):

tread, walk, π. ὁδοῖς σκολιαῖς Pi. P. 2.85; πρὸς βωμόν A. Ag. 1298; ὑψοῦ π. walk on high, of a king, Pi. O. 1.115; π. ἐπάνω ὄφεων Luke 10:19 : Pass., οἱ ἔχεις πατηθέντες Porph. Abst. 1.14.

II trans., tread on, tread, πόας τέρεν ἄνθος μάτεισαι Sapph. l. c.; πορφύρας πατεῖν A. Ag. 957; δωμάτων πύλας Id. Ch. 732; χῶρος οὐχ ἁγνὸς πατεῖν holy ground, S. OC 37; π. τὸν ἁδὺν οἶνον ἀπ' ἀμπέλω tread grapes, Hybrias(Scol. 28.4); ληνούς LXX Nehemiah 13:15, cf. Revelation 19:15, Ruf. ap. Orib. 5.12.1; also, thresh corn, π. τὰ θέρη PFlor. 150.5 (iii A.D.); κριθὴν καλῶς πεπατημένην POxy. 988 (iii A.D.); π. ἐκ τοῦ χόρτου σπέρματα PFlor. 388.5 (ii A.D.).

2. walk in, i.e. dwell in, frequent, Λῆμνον πατῶν S. Ph. 1060; γαῖαν Theoc. 18.20; π. πόντον Opp. C. 2.218; νῶτα ἁλός AP 7.532 (Isid.); rarely of vehicles, τὰ μὴ πατέουσιν ἅμαξαι Call. Aet. Oxy. 2079.25: metaph., εὐνὰς ἀδελφοῦ π. frequent, A. Ag. 1193; ἐμεῖο δέμνιον οὐκ ἐπάτησε Call. Del. 248; οὐδ' Αἴσωπονπεπάτηκας hast not thumbed Aesop, Ar. Av. 471; τὸν Τεισίαν.. πεπάτηκας ἀκριβῶς you have studied him carefully, Pl. Phdr. 273a: Pass., to be hackneyed, τῇ ποιητικῇ πεπατῆσθαι Phld. Po.Herc. 1676.10; πεπατημένος well-worn, trite, ῥήσεις, λόγοι, Ph. 2.345, 444, cf. Porph. ap. Eus. PE 10.3; τὸ πεπατημένον A.D. Pron. 45.6.

3. tread under foot, trample on, τινα S. Aj. 1146, Pl. Phdr. 248a, etc.; βουλήν Ar. Eq. 166; πόλιν Revelation 11:2 : abs., πατοῦσι καὶ λακτίζουσι καὶ δάκνουσι Gal. 16.562: metaph., π. κλέος, τιμὰς τὰς θεῶν, A. Ag. 1357, S. Ant. 745; τὰ τοῖν θεοῖν ψηφίσματα Ar. V. 377: and in Pass., τὰ.. δίκαια.. λάγδην πατεῖται S. Fr. 683, cf. A. Ch. 644 (lyr.), Eu. 110.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πατέω, πάτω; future πατήσω; passive, present participle πατουμενος; 1 aorist ἐπατήθην; from Pindar, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Plato down; the Sept. for דָּרַך, etc.; to tread, i. e., a. to trample, crush with the feet: τήν ληνόν, Revelation 14:20; Revelation 19:15 (Judges 9:27; Nehemiah 13:15; Jeremiah 31:33 (); Lamentations 1:15).

b. to advance by setting foot upon, tread upon: ἐπάνω ὄφεων καί σκορπίων καί ἐπί πᾶσαν τήν δύναμιν τοῦ ἐχθροῦ, to encounter successfully the greatest perils from the machinations and persecutions with which Satan would fain thwart the preaching of the gospel, Luke 10:19 (cf. Psalm 90:13 ()).

c. to tread underfoot, trample on, i. e. treat with insult and contempt: to desecrate the holy city by devastation and outrage, Luke 21:24; Revelation 11:2 (from Daniel 8:13); see καταπατέω. (Compare: καταπατέω, περιπατέω, ἐμπεριπατέω

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πατέω , - ,

[in LXX for H1869, etc.;]

1. intrans., to tread, walk: seq. ἐπάνω ὄφεων κ .τ .λ . (fig.), Luke 10:19 (cf. Psalms 91:13).

2. Trans., to tread on, trample: τ . ληνόν , Revelation 14:20; Revelation 19:15 (cf. Judges 9:27, Lamentations 1:15, al.); of the desecration of Jerusalem by its enemies, Luke 21:24, Revelation 11:2 (cf. κατα -, περι -, ἐν -περι -πατέω ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Tebt II. 314 .5 (ii/A.D.) πιστεύω σε μὴ ἀγνοεῖν ὅσον κάμ [α ]τον ἤνεγκα ἕως τὴ ̣ ν [π ]ερι [το ]μὴν ἐκπλέξω ἐπιζητοῦντος τοῦ [ ]ρχιερέως τὸν παι ̣ͅδ ̣α ε [ ]δῖν, ";I believe you are aware how much trouble I had in getting the circumcision through, owing to the high-priest’s desire to see the boy"; (Edd.). See s.v. περιτέμνω.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επατηθη επατήθη ἐπατήθη επάτησαν επάτησε επάτουν πατει πατεί πατεῖ πατειν πατείν πατεῖν πατείτε πάτημα πατήσαι πατήση πατήσουσι πατησουσιν πατήσουσιν πατουμενη πατουμένη πατούντας πατούντες πατούσιν epatethe epatēthē epatḗthe epatḗthē patei pateî patein pateîn patesousin patēsousin patḗsousin patoumene patoumenē patouméne patouménē
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