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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4771 - σύ

Transliteration
Phonetics
soo  
Word Origin
the person pronoun of the second person singular
Parts of Speech
pronoun
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. you
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (178) NAS (25) HCS (167)
Matthew 17
Mark 8
Luke 26
John 53
Acts 17
Romans 11
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 2
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 7
Titus 1
Philemon 1
Hebrews 8
James 4
3 John 1
Revelation 4
Matthew 9
Mark 2
Luke 5
John 5
Acts 6
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 2
Colossians 1
2 Timothy 1
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 18
Mark 9
Luke 24
John 60
Acts 17
Romans 12
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 2
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 6
Titus 1
Hebrews 7
James 3
3 John 1
Revelation 4
BYZ TIS TR
P-2AP 443
P-2AS 197
P-2DP 619
P-2DS 222
P-2GP 581
P-2GS 502
P-2NP 243
P-2NS 179
P-2AP 3
P-2AS 195
P-2DP 4
P-2DS 211
P-2GS 480
P-2NP 1
P-2NS 158
P-2AP 438
P-2AS 197
P-2DP 622
P-2DS 221
P-2GP 587
P-2GS 498
P-2NP 242
P-2NS 178
NA WH
P-NS 158
P-2AP 880
P-2AS 202
P-2DP 688
P-2DS 216
P-2GP 663
P-2GS 487
P-2NP 262
P-2NS 176


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σύ [],

thou: Pron. of the second pers.: Ep. nom. τύνη [] Il. 5.485, al. ( Lacon. τούνη Hsch. ); Aeol. σύ Sapph. Supp. 16.6, 21.9; Dor. τύ [] Pi. O. 1.85, Epich. 34, al., Theoc. 3.33, etc.; Boeot. τού [short syll.] Corinn. Supp. 2.83, A.D. Pron. 55.6 (also τούν ib. 50.27, 55.6 ): Nom. σύ, Od. 18.31, A. Ag. 1035, Ar. Numbers 29:1-40, etc.; voc., Od. 21.193, Ar. Ach. 165, Pl. 1069 . Gen. σοῦ, h.Hom. 29.4, elsewh. only Att., Ar. Ach. 302, etc.; enclit. σου, S. Ph. 761, OT 538, etc.; never in Hom., who uses σεῦ, ll. 3.206, al., σέο ib. 446, al. (also in Lyr., Archil. (?)in PLit.Lond. 54, B. 3.65 ), σεῖο Il. 3.137, al.; also σέθεν 1.180, al. (which also occurs in Lyr., Sapph. 33, B. 10.9, and Trag., A. Th. 264, al.), and as enclit. σευ, Il. 5.811, al., σεο 1.396: Hdt. has only σέο 1.124, σεο (enclit.) ib. 9, σεῦ ibid., 3.42, 85, 7.38, σευ (enclit.) 3.36, 134, 7.49: Dor. τεῦ, τευ, Theoc. 5.19, 10.36, etc.; rarely τέο, Alcm. 17; lengthd. τεοῦ Epich. 145, Sophr. 84, and τεοῖο Il. 8.37, 468; Boeot. τεῦς Corinn. 24; Dor. τεοῦς Sophr. 59; also τιοῦς A.D. Pron. 74.27; τεῦς Theoc. 2.126; τοι v.l. in Id. 7.25; enclit. τεος Sophr. 83; Cret. τέορ Hsch.; other Dor. forms are τίω, τίως, both Rhinth. 13, τίος A.D. Pron. 75.24 . Dat. σοί, Il. 1.158, 167, Archil. 88, Mimn. 8, Sapph. 7,99, A. Proverbs 3:1-35, Hdt. 3.42, 6.86 . ά, 7.52, etc.; Dor. τοί Alcm. 86 (oxyt.); Dor., Lesb., and Ion. enclit. τοι Alem. 33, Sapph. Frr. 2.2,8, Archil. 79, Hippon. 20, Anacr. 44, 75.3, Pi. N. 3.76, B. 10.104, Hdt. 1.115, 3.35, 63, 85; in Hom., Lesbian Lyr., and Ion. Lyr. and Prose τοι is always enclit., σοί never enclit. ( τοί and σοι are not found exc. σοι Od. 3.359, 11.381, ς ( οι ) Il. 1.170, and in codd. of Pi. P. 4.270, 9.55; rarer than τοι in Hdt., 3.69, al.); in Att. both σοί and σοι (enclit.) are used ( σοί Ar. Nu. 361, etc., σοι ib. 87, etc.), τοί and τοι are not used; σοι is never elided exc. in Il. 1.170, τοι is elided in Od. 1.60, 347, Alc. 55, Id. Oxy. 1788 Fr. 15 ii 9, Sapph. 28.2; Ep. and Lyr. also τεΐν, Il. 11.201, Od. 4.619, Epigr. ap. Hdt. 5.60, 61, Ar. Av. 930; also τίν [], Alcm. 16, Pi. P. 1.29, 8.68 (dub. l.); τίν [], Id. I. 6(5).4, Theoc. 2.20 ( τίν before a consonant, Pi. O. 10(11).93 ); also τεΐ Alcm. 53; τίνη Rhinth. 13 . Acc. σέ, Il. 6.256, al.; enclit. σε, 1.26, Sapph. 1.2, Supp. 23.9, Hdt. 3.42, etc.; in late Gr. σέν, Anatolian Studies p.76; Dor. τέ Alcm. 52, Pi. O. 1.48, Theoc. 1.5, Call. Fr. 114; τ' v.l. (cod. R) in Ar. Ach. 779 (on the accent v. A.D. Pron. 54.14, 83.4 ); τρέ (leg. τϝέ ) Hsch.; or (enclit.) τυ IG 42(1).121.69 (Epid., iv B.C. ), Ar. Eq. 1225, Ach. 730 (dub. in Ach. 779 ), Theoc. 1.56, 78, etc.: also τίν Corinn. 4, Cerc. 7.6, Theoc. 11.39, 55, 68 .

2. in combination with γε, σύ γε, σέ γε, etc. (cf. ἔγωγε ), thou at least, for thy part, freq. in Hom. and Att.; Dor. τύγε Epich. [272], Timocr. 1 (v.l. τύ γα ) ; τύγᾰ Theoc. 5.69, 71; Boeot. τούγα A.D. Pron. 55.6: dat. σοί γε Il. 1.557: acc. σέ γε 10.96, etc.: also σύ περ 24.398 .

3. σύ c. inf. (as imper.), Hdt. 3.134, 4.163 .

II Dual nom. and acc. σφῶϊ, Il. 1.336, 4.286, al., you two, both of you; σφώ (not σφῴ, cf. A.D. Pron. 85.17 ), Il. 1.574, 11.782, 13.47, S. OC 344, 1543, etc. Gen. and Dat. σφῶϊν, Il. 4.341, al.; contr. σφῷν once in Hom., Od. 4.62, and always in Att. (Hdn.Gr. 1.475 ) and Trag., e.g. A. Proverbs 12:1-28, S. OC 342, OT 1495, Pl. Lg. 892e (codd. Pl. have σφῶϊν in Tht. 193c, al., σφῶν Euthd. 273e, al.). None of these forms are enclit., A.D. Pron. 38.9, 85.12; cod. A of Pl. Lg. 658c, 673e, 689a wrongly makes σφῳν enclit.; Ζεὺς σφὼ is prescribed in Il. 15.146 by Hdn.Gr. 2.93 . — σφῶϊ is never dat.; in Il. 4.286 it is the acc. depending on κελεύω; σφῶϊν is never acc.; in Od. 23.52 it is dat. commodi.

III Plur. nom. ὑμεῖς, Il. 2.75, al. (before a vowel, 4.246, 7.194, al.), Pherecyd.Syr. 11, Democr. 29a, Hdt. 3.72, etc., ye, you; Aeol. and Ep. ὔμμες Il. 1.274, al., Sapph. 24, 25; Dor. ὑμές Sophr. 60, Ar. Ach. 760, 761, 862; ὑμέν SIG 685.118 (Crete, ii B.C. ), GDI 5155.6 (ibid., ii B.C. ); Boeot. οὐμές Corinn. 6; a resolved form ὑμέες, Parth. Fr. 14, is a poeticlicence (so A.D. Pron. 93.3 ) rather than genuine Ionic ( v.l. in Hdt. 8.22 ). Gen. ὑμῶν, Ar. Ach. 143, etc.; ὑμέων (disyll.) Il. 7.159, Od. 13.7, al., Archil. 74.6 ( ὑμῶν codd.), Sol. 11.5 (v.l. ὑμῶν ) ; ὑμέων also Hdt. 3.73, 6.130, al.; as trisyll., Herod. 2.27; ὑμείων Il. 4.348, 7.195, al.; Dor. ὑμέων Sophr. 46; also ὑμῶν, A.D. Pron. 95.23; Aeol. ὑμμέων Alc. 96; Boeot. οὐμίων Corinn. 22 . Dat. ὑμῖν, Od. 2.46, Hdt. 1.126, etc.; Ion. enclit. ὗμῐν A.D. Pron. 97.28, also Dor., Sophr. 91; Dor. (not enclit.) ὑμίν [ ] Id. 92; ὑμίν [ ] also in S. Aj. 864, 1242, OT 991, 1402, Ant. 308, El. 804, al. (but ὗμιν shd. perh. be restd. where the sense needs an enclitic on the principle stated by A.D. Pron. 35.6, 36.5, Synt. 130.23 ); ὕμιν (as enclit.) is prescribed by Hdn.Gr. ( 2.124 ) in Il. 24.33, by EM 432.34 in Od. 1.376, 2.141, etc.: Aeol. and Ep. ὔμμῐ, ὔμμῐν, Od. 2.316, 11.336, al., Hes. Sc. 328, Sapph. 14, Alc. Supp. 26.9, Pi. O. 11(10).17 . Acc. ὑμᾶς, Ar. Ach. 325, etc. ( -υ Orph. A. 820, v.l. in S. Ph. 222; ὗμας or (more prob.) ὕμας is required by the metre in Babr. 9.9, 47.11 ); Ion. ὑμέας (disyll.) Od. 21.198, al.; enclit. ὕμεας (disyll.) Herod. 2.60 (Pap.); ὑμέας also Hdt. 1.126, al.; Aeol. and Ep. ὔμμε Il. 23.412, al., Pi. I. 6(5).19; also in A. Eu. 620 (trim.), and S. Ant. 846 (lyr.); Dor. ὑμέ Alcm. 3, Sophr. 52, Ar. Ach. 737, Lys. 1076, SIG 528.3 (Cretan dial., iii B.C. ), 622 B 8 (Cretan, ii B.C. ). The pl. is sts. used in addressing one person, when others are included in the speaker's thought, as Od. 12.81, Archil. 89 . (With σύ cf. Lat. tu, Goth. pu; with τοι Skt. gen. and dat. te; the origin of σφῶϊ is doubtful; with ὑμεῖς cf. Skt. acc. pl. yusmân. )

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σύ, pronoun of the second person (Doric and Aeolic, τύ, Boeotic, τοῦ), genitive σου, dative σοι, accusative σε; (which oblique cases are enclitic, unless a preposition precede; yet πρός σε is written (uniformly in Rec. (except Matthew 26:18), in Grab. (except John 21:22, 23), in Treg. (except Matthew 26:18; Acts 23:30), in Lachmann (except Matthew 26:18; John 17:11, 13; John 21:22, 23; Acts 23:30), in Tdf. (except Matthew 26:18; Luke 1:19; John 17:11, 13; John 21:22; Acts 23:18, 30; 1 Timothy 3:14; Titus 3:12); also by WH in Matthew 25:39), see ἐγώ, 2; Lipsius, Grammat. Untersuch., p. 62f, (Winers Grammar, § 6, 3; Buttmann, 31 (27))); plural ὑμεῖς, etc.; Latintu, etc.,vos, etc.; thou, etc., ye, etc. The nominatives σύ and ὑμεῖς are expressed for emphasis — before a vocative, as σύ Βηθλημ, Matthew 2:6; σύ παιδίον (Lucian, dial. deor. 2, 1), Luke 1:76; add, John 17:5; Acts 1:24; 1 Timothy 6:11, etc.; ὑμεῖς οἱ Φαρισαῖοι, Luke 11:39; — or when the pronoun has a noun or a participle added to it in apposition in order to define it more sharply, as σύ Ἰουδαῖος ὤν (thou, being a Jew), John 4:9, cf. Galatians 2:14; ὑμεῖς πονηροί ὄντες, Matthew 7:11; — or when several are addressed who are at the same time particularized, σύ ... σύ, James 2:3; also in antithesis, Matthew 3:14; Matthew 6:17; Matthew 11:3: Mark 14:36; Luke 16:7; John 2:10; John 3:2; Acts 10:15; 1 Corinthians 3:23; James 2:18, and very often; sometimes the antithetic term is suppressed, but is easily understood from the context: εἰ σύ εἰ, if it be thou, and not an apparition, Matthew 14:28; add, Luke 15:31; Luke 17:8, etc.; — or when a particle is added, as σύ οὖν (at the close of an argument, when the discourse reverts to the person to be directly addressed), Luke 4:7; John 8:5; Acts 23:21; 2 Timothy 2:1, 3; σύ 2 Timothy 2:8; (in contrasts), Luke 9:60; 2 Timothy 3:10; Titus 2:1; Hebrews 1:11, etc.; ὑμεῖς δέ, Matthew 21:13; James 2:6; καί σύ, and thou, thou also, thou too, Matthew 11:23; Matthew 26:69, 73; Luke 10:15; Luke 19:19, 42; Luke 22:58; plural, Matthew 15:3, 16; Luke 17:10; before the 2nd person of the verb where the person is to be emphasized (like the German du, ihr eben, du da, 'it is thou,' 'thou art the very man,' etc.), σύ εἰ, Matthew 27:11; Mark 15:2; Luke 23:3; John 1:19; John 3:10; John 4:12; John 8:53; Acts 23:3, etc.; plural Luke 9:55 Rec.; σύ λέγεις, εἶπας, Matthew 26:25; Matthew 27:11; Mark 15:2; it is used also without special emphasis ((cf. Buttmann, § 129, 12, and) see ἐγώ, 1), Mark 14:68; John 8:13; Acts 7:28, etc. Tile genitives σου and ὑμῶν, joined to substantives, have the force of a possessive, and are placed — sometimes after the noun, as τόν πόδα σου, Matthew 4:6; τούς ἀδελφούς ὑμῶν, Matthew 5:47, and very often;—sometimes before the noun (see ἐγώ, 3 b.), as σου αἱ ἁμαρτίαι, Luke 7:48; σου τῆς νεότητός, 1 Timothy 4:12; ὑμῶν δέ καί τρίχες, Matthew 10:30; add, Mark 10:43 (here Rec. after); Luke 12:30; John 16:6; Romans 14:16; 2 Corinthians 1:24 (here now before, now after); — sometimes between the article and noun, as τήν ὑμῶν ἐπιπόθησιν, 2 Corinthians 7:7; add, 2 Corinthians 8:14(13),14; ; Philippians 1:19, 25; Philippians 2:30; Colossians 1:8. ἔσται σου πάντα (πᾶσα), Luke 4:7 (cf. Buttmann, § 132, 11, I. a.). It is added to the pronoun αὐτός: σου αὐτῆς, Luke 2:35. On the phrase τί ἐμοί καί σοι, see ἐγώ, 4. ((From Homer on.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

συ ,

pron. of 2nd pers.,

thou, you, gen., σοῦ , dat., σοί , acc, σέ , pl., ὑμεῖς , -ῶν , -ῖν , -ᾶς (enclitic in oblique cases sing., except after prep. (B1., § 48, 3), though πρὸς σέ occurs in Matthew 25:39). Nom, for emphasis or contrast: John 1:30; John 1:42; John 4:10; John 5:38-39; John 5:44, Acts 4:7, Ephesians 5:32; so also perhaps σὺ εἶπας , Matthew 26:64, al. (M, Pr., 86); before voc., Matthew 2:6, Luke 1:76, John 17:5, al.; sometimes without emphasis (M, Pr., 85 f.), as also in cl., but esp. as rendering of Heb. phrase, e.g. υἱός μου εἶ σύ (H1121־ H859, Psalms 2:7), Acts 13:33 The gen. (σοῦ , ὑμῶν ) is sometimes placed bef. the noun: Luke 7:48; Luke 12:30, al.; so also the enclitic σου , Matthew 9:6; on τί ἐμοὶ κ . σοί , see ἐγώ .


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

We can cite no ex. of this rare verb from our sources, but reference should be made to Professor H. J. Cadbury’s careful study in JBL xlv. (1926), p. 310 ff., where he sets aside both the ordinary interpretations of the verb in Acts 1:4συναλίζω, ";eat with,"; and συναλίζομαι, ";gather"; (transitive or intransitive), and regards συναλιζόμενος as simply another spelling for συναυλιζόμενος, with the consequent meaning ";live with"; in the sense of spending the night together. Such an orthographic change of α for αυ is, as he shows, common in the Κοινή, and may be illustrated from such passages as BGU III. 713.42 (A.D. 41–42) Τιβερίου Κρατίου (= Κλαυδίου), ib. IV. 1079.25 (A.D. 41) (= Selections, p. 40) βλέπε σατὸν (= σεαυτὸν) ἀπὸ τῶν Ἰουδαίων, and P Lond 1912.94 (letter of Claudius to the Alexandrines—A.D. 41) ἀπολάοντας : see also Moulton Proleg. p. 47 and Gr. ii. p. 87. This would seem, on the whole, to be the best solution of this crux interpretum, but reference may also be made to Field Notes, p. 110 f., where συναλίζεσθαι is taken in its ordinary sense of congregari or convenire, and stress is laid on the present part., ";‘as he was assembling with them,’ as he was on the way to meet them (some of them being in the same company with him) he gave them this charge.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ἡμᾶς ἡμῖν ἡμῶν σε σέ σὲ σοι σοί σοὶ σου σού σοῦ συ σύ σὺ υμας ὑμᾶς Υμεις Ὑμεῖς υμιν ὑμῖν υμων ὑμῶν emas ēmas emin ēmin emon ēmōn hemas hemâs hēmas hēmâs hemin hemîn hēmin hēmîn hemon hemôn hēmōn hēmō̂n hymas hymâs Hymeis Hymeîs hymin hymîn hymon hymôn hymōn hymō̂n se sé sè soi soí soì sou soú soû su sy sý sỳ umas Umeis umin umon umōn
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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