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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #697 - Ἄρειος Πάγος

Áreios Págos
ar'-i-os pag'-os  
Word Origin
from Ares (the name of the Greek deity of war) and a derivative of (4078)
Parts of Speech
Noun Location
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
Areopagus = "martial peak"
  1. a rocky height in the city of Athens, opposite the western end of the Acropolis toward the west.
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Acts 2
Acts 2
Acts 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

Ἄρειος πάγος [ πᾰ], ,

the hill of Ares, at Athens, Ἀρήϊος π. Hdt. 8.52, cf. A. Eu. 685, 690, etc.; ἡ βουλὴ ἡ ἐξ Ἀρείου πάγου IG 1.38a (prob.), 2.476.59, al., D. 18.133, cf. Lys. 26.12, Arist. Ath. 4.4; ἡ ἐν Ἀ. πάγῳ βουλή D. 20.157, Aeschin. 1.81, Arist. Pol. 1273b39; βουλή Ἀρεία IG 3.824; εἰς τὸν Ἄ. πάγον ἀναβῆναι become a member of the court, Isoc. 7.37, 12.154; ἐν Ἀ. πάγῳ δοῦναι δίκην Arist. Rh. 1398b26; ψευδομαρτύρια τὰ ἐξ Ἀ. πάγου Id. Ath. 59.6. The compd. Ἀρειόπᾰγος only in a late Att. Inscr., IG 3.1005; but we find the noun Ἀρεοπᾰγίτης (Ἀρευ - ib.2.839.7) [ ], ου, ὁ, Areopagite, Aeschin. 1.81, IG 3.746, cf. 635, Arist. Ath. 3.6, etc.: prov., Ἀρεοπαγίτου σιωπηλότερος 'as silent as the grave', Them. Or. 21.263a; στεγανώτερος Alciphr. 1.13: Adj. Ἀρεοπᾰγῖτις, βουλή Arist. Ath. 41.2, Alciphr. 2.3; Ἀρεοπᾰγῑτικός, ή, όν, Isoc. 7 tit., Str. 6.1.8.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

Ἄρειος (Tdf. Ἀριος) Πάγος, Πάγου, , Areopagus (a rocky height in the city of Athens not far from the Acropolis toward the west; πάγος a hill, Ἄρειος belonging to (Ares) Mars, Mars' Hill; so called, because, as the story went, Mars, having slain Halirrhothius, son of Neptune, for the attempted violation of his daughter Alcippe, was tried for the murder here before the twelve gods as judges; Pausan. Attic. 1, 28, 5), the place where the judges convened who, by appointment of Solon, had jurisdiction of capital offences (as willful murder, arson, poisoning, malicious wounding, and breach of the established religious usages). The court itself was called Areopagus from the place where it sat, alsoAreum judicium (Tacitus, ann. 2, 55), andcuria Martis (Juvenal, sat. 9, 101). To that hill the apostle Paul was led, not to defend himself before the judges, but that he might set forth his opinions on divine subjects to a greater multitude of people, flocking together there and eager to hear something new: Acts 17:19-22; cf. Acts 17:32. Cf. J. H. Krause in Pauly's Real-Encycl. 2te Aufi. i. 2, p. 1497ff under the word Areopag; (Grote, Hist. of Greece, index under the word; Dicts. of Geogr. and Antiq.; BB. DD. under the word ; and on Paul's discourse, especially B. D. American edition under the word ).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

Ἄρειος Πάυος

(T, Ἄριος Π .), -ου , ,

Hill of Pres or Mars, Areopagus; also, the Court of Areopagus, the highest tribunal of Athens: Acts 17:19; Acts 17:22.†

Ἄριος , see Ἄρειος .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Ramsay has shown (Paul, p. 260 f., Recent Discovery, p. 102 ff.) that ὁ Ἄρειος Πάγος had come to denote in colloquial use (as in Acts 17:19; Acts 17:22) ";the Council of the Areopagus"; as distinguished from ";the Hill of Ares,"; where in early times the Council had met : see e.g. Cavvadias, Fouilles d’ Épidaure i. p. 68, No. 206 (A.D. 50–100) Ἄρειος Πάγος ἐν Ἐλευσῖνι λόγους ἐποιήσατο. For the full expression cf. Syll 593 (=.3 1008).3 (iii/A.D.) τῆς ἐξ Ἀρείου πάγου βουλῆς.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Αρειον Ἄρειον Αρειου Ἀρείου Παγον Πάγον Παγου Πάγου Areion Áreion Areiou Areíou Pagon Págon Pagou Págou
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