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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4078 - πήγνυμι

Transliteration
pḗgnymi
Phonetics
payg'-noo-mee
Origin
a prolonged form of a primary verb (which in its simpler form occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to make fast, to fix
  2. to fasten together, to build by fastening together
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2342 ‑ חוּל (khool, kheel);  2883 ‑ טָבַע (taw‑bah');  3332 ‑ יָצַק (yaw‑tsak');  4223 ‑ מְחָא (mekh‑aw');  5186 ‑ נָטָה (naw‑taw');  5193 ‑ נָטַע (naw‑tah');  5324 ‑ נָצַב (naw‑tsab');  6821 ‑ צָפַד (tsaw‑fad');  7087 ‑ קָפָא (kaw‑faw');  7931 ‑ שָׁכַן (shaw‑kan');  8628 ‑ תָּקַע (taw‑kah');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
Hebrews
1
NAS (1)
Hebrews
1
HCS (1)
Hebrews
1
BSB (1)
Hebrews
1
ESV (1)
Hebrews
1
WEB (1)
Hebrews
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πήγνῡμι,

3 pl. πηγνύουσι Hdt. 4.72 (v.l.), Thphr. HP 6.6.9, but πηγνῦσι Hdt. l.c. codd. plur., Hp. Vict. 2.60; opt. πήγνυτο Pl. Phd. 118a codd.; inf. πηγνύειν X. Cyn. 6.7, Dsc. 4.95: impf. πήγνυον Orph. L. 567 ( περι- ), Nonn. D. 5.50: late form of pres. πήσσω (q. v.): fut. πήξω Il. 22.283; Dor. πάξω Pi. O. 6.3: aor. ἔπηξα, Ep. πῆξα Od. 12.15, etc.; Aeol. part. πάξαις Pi. O. 10 (II). 45: pf. πέπηχα, only plpf. ἐμ-πεπήχεσαν D.C. 40.40: Med. in trans. sense, πήγνῠμαι Hes. Op. 809: fut. πήξομαι Gal. 10.388: aor. ἐπηξάμην Hes. Op. 455, Hdt. 6.12, etc.: Pass. πήγνῠμαι: fut. πᾰγήσομαι Ar. V. 437, Th. 4.92; πήξομαι (as Pass. ) Hp. Aër. 8: aor. 1 ἐπήχθην, Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. πῆχθεν Il. 8.298, Dor. subj. παχθῇ Theoc. 23.31, part. πηχθείς E. Cyc. 302: more freq. aor. 2 ἐπάγην [], Ep. πάγην, Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. πάγεν Il. 11.572; part. παγείς A. Eu. 190, E. IA 395: pf. πέπηγμαι ( κατα-, συμ- ) D.H. 5.46, Arr. An. 2.21.1: plpf. ἐπέπηκτο Jul. Or. 3.123b; but in the best authors, πέπηγα is used as the pf. Pass., Il. 3.135, etc.; Aeol. πέπᾱγα Alc. 34; opt. πεπαγοίην Eup. 435: plpf. ἐπεπήγειν Il. 13.442, Th. 3.23:

I stick or fix in, ἐν δὲ μετώπῳ πῆξε [τὴν αἰχμήν ] Il. 4.460, etc.; ἔνθα οἱ ἔγχος ἔπηξε 13.570; ἐν γαίῃ π. ἐρετμόν Od. 23.276 (or γαίῃ 11.129 ); π. ἐπὶ τύμβῳ ἐρετμόν 11.77 (or τύμβῳ 12.15 ); [ γύην] ἐν ἐλύματι π . Hes. Op. 430; ἔπαξε διὰ φρενῶν ξίφος Pi. N. 7.26; fix in the earth, plant, σκῆπτρον S. El. 420, cf. Aj. 821; σκηνήν, σκηνὰς π ., pitch a tent, And. 4.30, Pl. Lg. 817c (in Med., σκηνὰς πηξάμενοι pitching themselves tents, Hdt. 6.12 ); σταύρωμα π . Th. 6.66; τὰς σχαλίδας π. ὑπτίας X. Cyn. 6.7; plant seeds or cuttings, Thphr. HP 6.6.9, 7.4.10: intr. pf. and Pass., δόρυ δ' ἐν κραδίῃ ἐπεπήγει the spear stuck fast in his heart, Il. 13.442; [δοῦρα] ἐν χροῒ πήγνυτο 15.315; [ὀϊστοὶ] ἐν χροῒ πῆχθεν 8.298; δοῦρα ἐν σάκεϊ πάγεν 11.572; [ξίφος] πέπηγεν ἐν γῇ S. Aj. 819; σκηνὴ ἔσκε πεπηγυῖα ἑτοίμη Hdt. 7.119; κυρβασίας ὀρθὰς πεπηγυίας ib. 64, cf. 70: Med., ἐν ἀλλήλοις χείλεα πηξάμενοι, of kissing, AP 5.254 (Paul. Sil.).

2. stick or fix on, κεφαλὴν ἀνὰ σκολόπεσσι Il. 18.177; σκόλοψι δέμας E. IT 1430; κρᾶτα πήξασ' ἐπ' ἄκρον θύρσον Id. Ba. 1141: Pass., ἀμφὶ βουπόροισι πηχθέντας μέλη ὀβελοῖσι having their limbs fixed on spits, Id. Cyc. 302; ὑπὸ ῥάχιν παγέντες impaled, A. Eu. 190 .

3. fix upon an object, κατὰ χθονὸς ὄμματα π . Il. 3.217: intr. pf., πρὸς ἀστρονομίαν ὄμματα πέπηγεν Pl. R. 53o d, cf. Jul. l. c. ( Pass. ); πεπηγυῖα τὰς τῶν ὀμμάτων βολὰς ἐς τὰ τῆς ψυχῆς ἀπόρρητα Philostr.Jun. Im. 11: c. inf., ἡ σοφία ἀρέσκειν πέπηγε is bent upon pleasing, Pl. R. 605a: abs., τὸ πεπηγὸς ὄμμα immovable eye, fixed gaze, Hp. Prorrh. 1.46, cf. Gal. 16.610. II fasten [different parts] together, fit together, build, νῆας πῆξαι Il. 2.664; ἴκρια π . Od. 5.163: Med., πήξασθαι ἄμαξαν build oneself a wagon, Hes. Op. 455; νέας πηξάμενοι Hdt. 5.83: Pass., to be joined or put together, ψυχὴ καὶ σῶμα παγέν Pl. Phdr. 246c .

III make solid or stiff, esp. of liquids, freeze, θεὸς . . πήγνυσι πᾶν ῥέεθρον A. Pers. 496; τοὺς ποταμοὺς ἔπηξε (sc. ὁ θεός ) Ar. Ach. 139; βορρᾶς πηγνὺς τοὺς ἀνθρώπους X. An. 4.5.3; curdle, γάλα Dsc. 4.95: Med., τυροὺς πήγνυσθαι to make oneself cheese (by curdling the milk), Luc. VH 1.24: Pass. and intr. pf., become solid, stiffen, γοῦνα πήγνυται Il. 22.453; ἄρθρα πέπηγέ μου E. HF 1395 (but also, become firm or set, of limbs, Ael. Nahum 2:11; πεπηγυῖα ὑγιεινὴ κατάστασις Gal. Thras. 7 ); of liquids, freeze, ἡ θάλασσα πήγνυται Hdt. 4.28; ἅλες πήγνυνται salt crystallizes, ib. 53, cf. 6.119; φόνος πέπηγεν A. Ch. 67 (lyr.); πεπάγαισιν ὐδάτων ῤόαι Alc. 34, cf. X. An. 7.4.3; κρύσταλλος ἐπεπήγει οὐ βέβαιος was not frozen so as to bear, Th. 3.23; ἁνίκα [χιὼν] παχθῇ Theoc. 23.31; ὄστρακον [ᾠοῦ] π . Arist. GA 752a35; γάλα π . Id. PA 676a14; ὀφθαλμῶν οἱ μὲν ὑγιεῖς, οἱ δὲ πεπηγότες blind, of buds, Thphr. CP 5.12.10: metaph., to be petrified, struck dumb, Antiph. 166.7 . metaph., fix, ὅρους τοῖς βαρβάροις Lycurg. 73, cf. Aristopho 9.7: Astrol., fix, determine a nativity, Sch. Ptol. Tetr. 103: Med., ὄφρα ἐν φρασὶ πάξαιθ', ὅπως . . that he might keep it fixed in his heart, Pi. N. 3.62; establish, χορούς Him. Or. 16.6: Pass. and intr. pf., to be irrevocably fixed, established, εἷς ὅρος ἡμῖν παγήσεται Th. 4.92; πῆγμα (Aurat. for πῆμα ) γενναίως παγέν A. Ag. 1198; κακῶς παγέντας ὅρκους E. IA 395; ὀρθὰς παγείσας φρένας Carc. 6.2; μὴ γὰρ ὡς θεῷ νομίζετ' ἐκείνῳ τὰ παρόντα πεπηγέναι πράγματα ἀθάνατα D. 4.8; τὰ καλῶς πεπηγότα τῇ φύσει Id. 25.90 . (Cf. Lat. pango. )

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πήγνυμι ,

[in LXX chiefly for H5186, also for H8628, etc.;]

to make fast, to fix; of tents, to pitch: Hebrews 8:2 (cf. προσ -πήγνυμι ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";often"; : P Oxy III. 531.4 (ii/A.D.) περὶ οὗ μοι παλλάκεις (l. πολλάκις) γράφεις ἀνθρώπου, ";regarding the man about whom you write to me so often"; (Edd.), P Ryl II. 75.0 (late ii/A.D.) ἔκρεινα πολλάκις, and P Flor III. 367.6 (iii/A.D.) πολλάκις μου ἐπιστείλαντός σοι. In P Lond 1914.38 (A.D. 335?) πολλαχῶς, ";in many ways,"; seems to be used for πολλάκις.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επάγη επάγης έπηξαν έπηξε επηξεν έπηξεν ἔπηξεν παγήσεται πεπήγασι πέπηγεν πεπηγώς πήξας πήξει πήξον πήξουσιν epexen epēxen épexen épēxen
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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