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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4078 - πήγνυμι

Transliteration
pḗgnymi
Phonetics
payg'-noo-mee
Root Word (Etymology)
a prolonged form of a primary verb (which in its simpler form occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses)
Parts of Speech
verb
TDNT
None
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. to make fast, to fix
  2. to fasten together, to build by fastening together
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2342 ‑ חוּל (khool, kheel);  2883 ‑ טָבַע (taw‑bah');  3332 ‑ יָצַק (yaw‑tsak');  4223 ‑ מְחָא (mekh‑aw');  5186 ‑ נָטָה (naw‑taw');  5193 ‑ נָטַע (naw‑tah');  5324 ‑ נָצַב (naw‑tsab');  6821 ‑ צָפַד (tsaw‑fad');  7087 ‑ קָפָא (kaw‑faw');  7931 ‑ שָׁכַן (shaw‑kan');  8628 ‑ תָּקַע (taw‑kah');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Hebrews 1
NAS (1)
Hebrews 1
HCS (1)
Hebrews 1
BSB (1)
Hebrews 1
ESV (1)
Hebrews 1
WEB (1)
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πήγνῡμι,

3 pl. πηγνύουσι Hdt. 4.72 (v.l.), Thphr. HP 6.6.9, but πηγνῦσι Hdt. l.c. codd. plur., Hp. Vict. 2.60; opt. πήγνυτο Pl. Phd. 118a codd.; inf. πηγνύειν X. Cyn. 6.7, Dsc. 4.95: impf. πήγνυον Orph. L. 567 ( περι- ), Nonn. D. 5.50: late form of pres. πήσσω (q. v.): fut. πήξω Il. 22.283; Dor. πάξω Pi. O. 6.3: aor. ἔπηξα, Ep. πῆξα Od. 12.15, etc.; Aeol. part. πάξαις Pi. O. 10 (II). 45: pf. πέπηχα, only plpf. ἐμ-πεπήχεσαν D.C. 40.40: Med. in trans. sense, πήγνῠμαι Hes. Op. 809: fut. πήξομαι Gal. 10.388: aor. ἐπηξάμην Hes. Op. 455, Hdt. 6.12, etc.: Pass. πήγνῠμαι: fut. πᾰγήσομαι Ar. V. 437, Th. 4.92; πήξομαι (as Pass. ) Hp. Aër. 8: aor. 1 ἐπήχθην, Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. πῆχθεν Il. 8.298, Dor. subj. παχθῇ Theoc. 23.31, part. πηχθείς E. Cyc. 302: more freq. aor. 2 ἐπάγην [], Ep. πάγην, Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. πάγεν Il. 11.572; part. παγείς A. Eu. 190, E. IA 395: pf. πέπηγμαι ( κατα-, συμ- ) D.H. 5.46, Arr. An. 2.21.1: plpf. ἐπέπηκτο Jul. Or. 3.123b; but in the best authors, πέπηγα is used as the pf. Pass., Il. 3.135, etc.; Aeol. πέπᾱγα Alc. 34; opt. πεπαγοίην Eup. 435: plpf. ἐπεπήγειν Il. 13.442, Th. 3.23:

I stick or fix in, ἐν δὲ μετώπῳ πῆξε [τὴν αἰχμήν ] Il. 4.460, etc.; ἔνθα οἱ ἔγχος ἔπηξε 13.570; ἐν γαίῃ π. ἐρετμόν Od. 23.276 (or γαίῃ 11.129 ); π. ἐπὶ τύμβῳ ἐρετμόν 11.77 (or τύμβῳ 12.15 ); [ γύην] ἐν ἐλύματι π . Hes. Op. 430; ἔπαξε διὰ φρενῶν ξίφος Pi. N. 7.26; fix in the earth, plant, σκῆπτρον S. El. 420, cf. Aj. 821; σκηνήν, σκηνὰς π ., pitch a tent, And. 4.30, Pl. Lg. 817c (in Med., σκηνὰς πηξάμενοι pitching themselves tents, Hdt. 6.12 ); σταύρωμα π . Th. 6.66; τὰς σχαλίδας π. ὑπτίας X. Cyn. 6.7; plant seeds or cuttings, Thphr. HP 6.6.9, 7.4.10: intr. pf. and Pass., δόρυ δ' ἐν κραδίῃ ἐπεπήγει the spear stuck fast in his heart, Il. 13.442; [δοῦρα] ἐν χροῒ πήγνυτο 15.315; [ὀϊστοὶ] ἐν χροῒ πῆχθεν 8.298; δοῦρα ἐν σάκεϊ πάγεν 11.572; [ξίφος] πέπηγεν ἐν γῇ S. Aj. 819; σκηνὴ ἔσκε πεπηγυῖα ἑτοίμη Hdt. 7.119; κυρβασίας ὀρθὰς πεπηγυίας ib. 64, cf. 70: Med., ἐν ἀλλήλοις χείλεα πηξάμενοι, of kissing, AP 5.254 (Paul. Sil.).

2. stick or fix on, κεφαλὴν ἀνὰ σκολόπεσσι Il. 18.177; σκόλοψι δέμας E. IT 1430; κρᾶτα πήξασ' ἐπ' ἄκρον θύρσον Id. Ba. 1141: Pass., ἀμφὶ βουπόροισι πηχθέντας μέλη ὀβελοῖσι having their limbs fixed on spits, Id. Cyc. 302; ὑπὸ ῥάχιν παγέντες impaled, A. Eu. 190 .

3. fix upon an object, κατὰ χθονὸς ὄμματα π . Il. 3.217: intr. pf., πρὸς ἀστρονομίαν ὄμματα πέπηγεν Pl. R. 53o d, cf. Jul. l. c. ( Pass. ); πεπηγυῖα τὰς τῶν ὀμμάτων βολὰς ἐς τὰ τῆς ψυχῆς ἀπόρρητα Philostr.Jun. Im. 11: c. inf., ἡ σοφία ἀρέσκειν πέπηγε is bent upon pleasing, Pl. R. 605a: abs., τὸ πεπηγὸς ὄμμα immovable eye, fixed gaze, Hp. Prorrh. 1.46, cf. Gal. 16.610. II fasten [different parts] together, fit together, build, νῆας πῆξαι Il. 2.664; ἴκρια π . Od. 5.163: Med., πήξασθαι ἄμαξαν build oneself a wagon, Hes. Op. 455; νέας πηξάμενοι Hdt. 5.83: Pass., to be joined or put together, ψυχὴ καὶ σῶμα παγέν Pl. Phdr. 246c .

III make solid or stiff, esp. of liquids, freeze, θεὸς . . πήγνυσι πᾶν ῥέεθρον A. Pers. 496; τοὺς ποταμοὺς ἔπηξε (sc. ὁ θεός ) Ar. Ach. 139; βορρᾶς πηγνὺς τοὺς ἀνθρώπους X. An. 4.5.3; curdle, γάλα Dsc. 4.95: Med., τυροὺς πήγνυσθαι to make oneself cheese (by curdling the milk), Luc. VH 1.24: Pass. and intr. pf., become solid, stiffen, γοῦνα πήγνυται Il. 22.453; ἄρθρα πέπηγέ μου E. HF 1395 (but also, become firm or set, of limbs, Ael. Nahum 2:11; πεπηγυῖα ὑγιεινὴ κατάστασις Gal. Thras. 7 ); of liquids, freeze, ἡ θάλασσα πήγνυται Hdt. 4.28; ἅλες πήγνυνται salt crystallizes, ib. 53, cf. 6.119; φόνος πέπηγεν A. Ch. 67 (lyr.); πεπάγαισιν ὐδάτων ῤόαι Alc. 34, cf. X. An. 7.4.3; κρύσταλλος ἐπεπήγει οὐ βέβαιος was not frozen so as to bear, Th. 3.23; ἁνίκα [χιὼν] παχθῇ Theoc. 23.31; ὄστρακον [ᾠοῦ] π . Arist. GA 752a35; γάλα π . Id. PA 676a14; ὀφθαλμῶν οἱ μὲν ὑγιεῖς, οἱ δὲ πεπηγότες blind, of buds, Thphr. CP 5.12.10: metaph., to be petrified, struck dumb, Antiph. 166.7 . metaph., fix, ὅρους τοῖς βαρβάροις Lycurg. 73, cf. Aristopho 9.7: Astrol., fix, determine a nativity, Sch. Ptol. Tetr. 103: Med., ὄφρα ἐν φρασὶ πάξαιθ', ὅπως . . that he might keep it fixed in his heart, Pi. N. 3.62; establish, χορούς Him. Or. 16.6: Pass. and intr. pf., to be irrevocably fixed, established, εἷς ὅρος ἡμῖν παγήσεται Th. 4.92; πῆγμα (Aurat. for πῆμα ) γενναίως παγέν A. Ag. 1198; κακῶς παγέντας ὅρκους E. IA 395; ὀρθὰς παγείσας φρένας Carc. 6.2; μὴ γὰρ ὡς θεῷ νομίζετ' ἐκείνῳ τὰ παρόντα πεπηγέναι πράγματα ἀθάνατα D. 4.8; τὰ καλῶς πεπηγότα τῇ φύσει Id. 25.90 . (Cf. Lat. pango. )

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πήγνυμι: 1 aorist ἔπηξα; from Homer down; to make fast, to fix; to fasten together, to build by fastening together: σκηνήν, Hebrews 8:2 (A. V. pitched. Compare: προσπήγνυμι.)


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πήγνυμι ,

[in LXX chiefly for H5186, also for H8628, etc.;]

to make fast, to fix; of tents, to pitch: Hebrews 8:2 (cf. προσ -πήγνυμι ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";often"; : P Oxy III. 531.4 (ii/A.D.) περὶ οὗ μοι παλλάκεις (l. πολλάκις) γράφεις ἀνθρώπου, ";regarding the man about whom you write to me so often"; (Edd.), P Ryl II. 75.0 (late ii/A.D.) ἔκρεινα πολλάκις, and P Flor III. 367.6 (iii/A.D.) πολλάκις μου ἐπιστείλαντός σοι. In P Lond 1914.38 (A.D. 335?) πολλαχῶς, ";in many ways,"; seems to be used for πολλάκις.

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επάγη επάγης έπηξαν έπηξε επηξεν έπηξεν ἔπηξεν παγήσεται πεπήγασι πέπηγεν πεπηγώς πήξας πήξει πήξον πήξουσιν epexen epēxen épexen épēxen
 
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